The University of Sheffield
Department of Archaeology

Dr Ellery FrahmEllery Frahm

Qualifications:

B.A. (Grinnell College), M.S. (University of Minnesota), Ph.D. (University of Minnesota)

Contact details:

074 0299 0202

e.frahm@sheffield.ac.uk

Department of Archaeology, University of Sheffield, Northgate House, West Street Sheffield S1 4ET United Kingdom

Biography:

I am currently a Marie Curie Experienced Research Fellow in Sheffield's Department of Archaeology as part of the "New Archaeological Research Network for Integrating Approaches to Ancient Material Studies in the Eastern Mediterranean" (or NARNIA) project. In 2010, I completed a doctorate in Anthropology with Professor Gilbert Tostevin at the University of Minnesota. My thesis, "The Bronze-Age Obsidian Industry at Tell Mozan (Ancient Urkesh), Syria," won the University of Minnesota's Best Dissertation Award in the Social and Behavioural Sciences and Education. Subsequently at Minnesota, I was a lecturer in the Department of Anthropology and a postdoctoral associate in the Department of Earth Sciences. As a postdoc, I started my ongoing research in Armenia, examining how past peoples adapted to environmental shifts through mobility, exchange, and technology. At Sheffield, I have expanded my research into the Eastern Mediterranean, and I teach Marie Curie training courses.

Recent research projects:

Armenia

Obsidian Resources and Landscapes of Palaeolithic Armenia — 2011-Present
Co-director with Daniel S. Adler, Palaeolithic Studies Laboratory, University of Connecticut and Boris Gasparyan, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Armenia
Obsidian sourcing to examine mobility, exchange, and hominin-environment interactions as well as site activity areas, knapping floors, and quarry use-histories

Obsidian Magnetism: Quarrying, Lithic Analysis, and Landscape Reconstruction — 2008-Present
Co-director with Joshua Feinberg, Institute for Rock Magnetism, University of Minnesota
Sourcing obsidian artifacts to specific quarrying areas; magnetic-based lithic analysis and spatial analysis of sites; sourcing as a means of landscape reconstruction and identifying environmental shifts

Hrazdan Gorge Palaeolithic Project — 2011-Present
Directors: Daniel S. Adler, Palaeolithic Studies Laboratory, University of Connecticut and Boris Gasparyan, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Armenia
On-site sourcing of obsidian artifacts from Middle Palaeolithic Lusakert-1 and Lower Palaeolithic Nor Geghi-1; participating in site excavations, field surveys, environmental sampling, and artifact processing

Stone Age of the Vorotan River Valley Project — 2012-Present
Directors: Andrew Kandel, Role of Culture in Early Expansions of Humans Research Center, Universität Tübingen and Boris Gasparyan, Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography, Armenia
Sourcing of Upper Palaeolithic Aghitu-3 obsidian artifacts to reconstruct mobility and exchange

Cyprus and Greece

Work Package 7, Marie Curie network “New Archaeological Research Network for Integrating Approaches to Ancient Material Studies in the Eastern Mediterranean” — 2012-2014
WP7 Co-director with Roger Doonan, Department of Archaeology, University of Sheffield
Obsidian sourcing and metal analyses at stratified Bronze-Age (Early Helladic) Peloponnese sites, exploring diachronic variations in obsidian source use and tool types • spatial articulation of copper production areas at Maroni Vournes and Tsaroukkas • experimental archaeology: copper smelting in Cyprus with local materials and furnace reconstructions; ceramic production in Greece and the effect of temper on chemical analyses

Syria

Bronze-Age Obsidian Industry of Tell Mozan — 2006-2011
Project Director • Site Directors: Giorgio Buccellati, Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, University of California-Los Angeles and Marilyn Kelly-Buccellati, California State University-Los Angeles
Identified geological origins of Bronze-Age obsidian artifacts; excavated Unit J3, processed artifacts in the field laboratory, conducted daily data/spatial analysis; documented the obsidian and chert lithic assemblages; created stone-tool reporting forms

Ceramic Technology and Chronology at Tell Mozan — 2006-2011
Technology collaborators: Marianna Nikolaidou, Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, University of California-Los Angeles and Marilyn Kelly-Buccellati, California State University-Los Angeles
Chronology collaborators: Joshua Feinberg and Michele Stillinger, Institute for Rock Magnetism, University of Minnesota
Ceramic technology and magnetic dating: study of vessel forms and tempers using image analysis and electron microscopy as well as archaeo-intensity dating of ceramic sherds

Research interests:

Selected peer-reviewed publications:

Ellery Frahm. 2014. Buying Local or Ancient Outsourcing? Locating Production of Prismatic Obsidian Blades in Bronze-Age Northern Mesopotamia. In press, Journal of Archaeological Science.

Ellery Frahm, Beverly Schmidt, Boris Gasparyan, Benik Yeritsyan, Sergei Karapetian, Khachatur Meliksetian, and Daniel S. Adler. 2014. Ten Seconds in the Field: Rapid Armenian Obsidian Sourcing with Portable XRF to Inform Excavations and Surveys. Journal of Archaeological Science 40(1):333-348. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2013.08.012

Ellery Frahm and Joshua Feinberg. 2013. From Flow to Quarry: Magnetic Properties of Obsidian and Changing the Scales of Archaeological Sourcing. Journal of Archaeological Science 40(10):3706-3721. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2013.04.029

Ellery Frahm and Joshua Feinberg. 2013. Environment and Collapse: Eastern Anatolian Obsidians at Urkesh (Tell Mozan, Syria) and the Third-Millennium Mesopotamian Urban Crisis. Journal of Archaeological Science 40(4):1866-1878. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2012.11.026

Ellery Frahm and Joshua Feinberg. 2013. Empires and Resources: Central Anatolian Obsidian at Urkesh (Tell Mozan, Syria) during the Akkadian Period. Journal of Archaeological Science 40(2):1122-1135. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2012.07.019

Ellery Frahm, Roger C.P. Doonan, and Vassilis Kilikoglou. 2014. Handheld Portable X-ray Fluorescence of Aegean Obsidians. In press, Archaeometry. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/arcm.12012

Ellery Frahm and Roger C.P. Doonan. 2013. The Technological versus Methodological Revolution of Portable XRF in Archaeology. Journal of Archaeological Science 40(2):1425-1434. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2012.10.013

Ellery Frahm. 2012. Distinguishing Nemrut Dağ and Bingöl A Obsidians: Geochemical and Landscape Differences and the Archaeological Implications. Journal of Archaeological Science 39(5):1435-1444. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2011.12.038

Ellery Frahm. 2012. Non-Destructive Sourcing of Bronze-Age Near Eastern Obsidian Artefacts: Redeveloping and Reassessing Electron Microprobe Analysis for Obsidian Sourcing. Archaeometry 54(4):623-642. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4754.2011.00648.x

Ellery Frahm. 2012. Evaluation of Archaeological Sourcing Techniques: Reconsidering and Re-Deriving Hughes’ Four-Fold Assessment Scheme. Geoarchaeology 27(2): 166-174. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/gea.21399

Ellery Frahm. 2011. Climate Change, Globalization, and Other “Modern” Issues in Ancient Syria (Feature Article). Syrian Studies Association Bulletin, Volume 16, Issue 2.