Prof. Steven Banwart
Professor of Environmental Engineering Science, and
Director of The Kroto Research Institute
Kroto Research Institute
University of Sheffield
Sheffield S3 7HQ
Telephone: +44 (0) 114 222 5742
PhD Natural Environmental Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology – Zurich; MSc Environmental Engineering, U. of Iowa (USA); BSc Civil Engineering, U. of Iowa (USA)
Prof Steven Banwart is an international leader in the study of reactive processes in soil and groundwater. He leads the U of Sheffield Cell-Mineral Research Centre (C-MRC) across 6 departments, leads the SCOPE international Rapid Assessment Process project on Benefits of Soil Carbon, is Principal Investigator of the European Commission FP7 Large Integrating Project Soil Transformations in European Catchments (SoilTrEC), is co-I on the UK Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) Programme Grant on Mineral-Bio Interfaces and led the recently completed UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) Large Grant on Biological Weathering from Nano-metre to Soil Profile Scale.
He chairs the steering committee of the NERC Facility for Environmental Nanomaterials Analysis and Characterisation (FENAC) and is past Secretary of the European Association of Geochemistry.
The University of Sheffield Cell-Mineral Research Centre holds a grant portfolio of over £8.3M tackling basic and applied research at the interface between pure sciences, engineering application and environmental policy. Research is from molecular to global scale, with core themes of Biodegradation on Mineral Surfaces, Global Soil Sustainability and Land Use, Synthetic Biology in environmental applications and reactions and transport of Radionuclides in the Environment.
Activities and Distinctions
- PI on £6M EC grant on soil sustainability and ecoservices with EU, USA and China partners
- Led a recently completed £1.74M NERC Large Grant
- Co-I and theme leader on £5M EPSRC Programme Grant on Biological-Mineral Interfaces
- Over 100 refereed publications, including a research textbook on Mine Water Pollution
- Commissioned article on global soil sustainability featured in Nature and flagged on issue cover
- Invited co-author of foresight chapter Benefits of Soil Carbon in UNEP Yearbook 2012
- Chair of SCOPE Project, Benefits of Soil Carbon: science synthesis for international policy
- Co-author of most downloaded article from Journal of Contaminant Hydrology
- Leads The University of Sheffield Cell-Mineral Research Centre
- Track record of research funding from 4 UK research councils: EPSRC, BBSRC, NERC, TSB
- £8.4M in active research grants of which £6M is attributable research income as PI
- £24.7M in UK and EU grants and contracts including £11M attributable as PI since 1995
- An international track record in chemical weathering kinetics and soil processes
- An international track record in mineral and cell surface chemistry
- An international track record in aquifers as biological reactors to remove pollution
- The University of Sheffield Public Orator, 2011 - present
- Chair, Steering Committee, NERC Facility for Environmental Nanoscience Analysis and Characterisation, 2009-present
- Member of Editorial Board, Microbial Biotechnology, 2009 - present
- Secretary, European Association of Geochemistry, 2008 – 2011
- Lead organiser of international Critical Zone research development workshop, U. Delaware, 2011
- Co-organiser for 4th and 5th International Conferences on Bioremediation, 2008 and 2011
- Member of UK Nanotechnologies Environmental Risk Assessment Task Force, 2007
- Co-organiser for EPSRC-NSF workshop on Bio-Soil Interactions, Boston, April 2007
- External Examiner MSc Geochemistry Programmes, U. Leeds 2006-2010
- Associate Editor, Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 1998 - 2006
- Goldschmidt Lecturer, Norwegian Geological Survey, Feb. 1998
- Plenary and invited speaker to a number of international research conferences
- Member of EPSRC, NERC and BBSRC Peer-Review Colleges
- 2011-2014: “Big Energy Upgrade” funded by EC ERDF project, £7M with 14 partners. Lenny Koh as U. Sheffield PI with many Co-Is. Value: £825,000
- 2010-2012: “Bioengineering from First Principles” funded by EPSRC Feasibility Account. SA Banwart is PI with 9 U. Sheffield academic staff. Value: £200,000
- 2010-2015: “Bio-Mineral Interfaces” funded by EPSRC Programme Grant (£5.0M). John Harding PI, SA Banwart and 6 others as Co-Is. Value: £450,458
- 2010-2014: “Biogeochemical Gradients and Radionuclide Transport” funded by NERC Consortium Grant (£3.5M). U. Sheffield share: SF Thornton, M. Romero-Gonzalez and SA Banwart. Value: £521,210
- 2009-2014: “Soil Transformations in European Catchments” funded by EC Large Integrating Project. SA Banwart is PI with 15 EU, USA and China partners. Value: £6.0M
- 2009: “EPSRC Collaborative Training Account Funding” Modules for International PG Training Programme. SA Banwart, M Romero-Gonzalez and W Huang. Value: £72,000
- 2009-2014: “Nuclear Fission Research, Science and Technology “ funded by EPSRC Doctoral Training Centre. PIs: Francis Livens (Manchester), Neil Hyatt (Sheffield). SA Banwart is Co-I: Radionuclides in the Environment. Value: £7.06M
- 2008-2012: “AQUAREHAB – restoration of river bank water quality” funded by EC FP7 Integrating Project. Co-Investigators: SA Banwart, SF Thornton, RD Wilson. Value: £204,000
- 2008-2012: “DIAMOND – Nuclear Waste Management” funded by EPSRC UK Consortium. £4.5M total funded. N. Hyatt, SA Banwart. Value: £560,000
- 2007-2008: "Interaction of Nanoparticles with Microbes" funded by NERC Environmental Nanosciences Initiative. Investigators: W Huang, PJ Dobson, SA Banwart. Value: £48,316
- 2007-2010: "Plant evolution, CO2 and mineral weathering" funded by NERC Standard Grant. Investigators: D Beering, J.R. Leake, SA Banwart. Value: £406,000
- 2007-2008: "Sorby Nanosciences Investigation Centre" funded by European Regional Development Fund. Investigators: M. Rainforth, T. Cullis, SA Banwart and J. Haycock. Value: £2.1M
- 2007-2008: "Human Pathogens in the Soil Environment" funded by NERC Environment & Human Health Programme. Investigators: SA Banwart as PI with partners at 8 Institutions Value: £57,000
- 2006-2007: "US-UK Workshop on Bio-Soil Interactions" funded by EPSRC Workshop Grant for UK organisers with NSF partners in USA. Investigators: K Soga SA Banwart and R Whalley. Value: £31,000
- 2006-2008: "SoilCritZone – EC Specific Support Action"funded by EC. Investigators: 9 EU partners, U. Bristol-led, SA Banwart U. Sheffield (£27k). Value:£446,000
- 2006-2007: "Commercialisation of the Aquifer Assessment Tool" funded by EPSRC Follow-On Grant for research commercialisation. Investigators: RD Wilson, SA Banwart, SF Thornton, DN Lerner. Value: £87,000
- 2007-2009: "Integrated Pollution Management Network" funded by DTI Knowledge Transfer Network, 11 partners. Investigators: U. Oxford lead, SA Banwart is Sheffield Co-I. Value: £62,000
- 2005-2010: "NERC Consortium GrantBiologically-Mediated Weathering of Minerals" funded by NERC.Investigators: SA Banwart (PI), J.R. Leake, K.V. Ragnarsdottir, L. Benning,Universities ofSheffield(£885k), Bristol and Leeds. Value: £1.742M
- 2005-2008: "EPSRC Collaborative Training AccountMasters Training Package Development" funded by EPSRC.Investigators: SA Banwart, SF Thornton, J Boxall, R Ashley. Value: £175,000
- 2005-2008: "EPSRC Industrial CASE Studentship" funded by EPSRC with BNFL. Investigators: SA Banwart, M. Romero-Gonzalez, S.F. Thornton. Value: £66,257
- 2004-2009: "Groundwater from Nanoscale to Catchment Scale" funded by EPSRC Platform Grant Continuation. Investigators: Lerner D.N., SA Banwart, Thornton S.F., Wilson R.,Romero-Gonzalez M. Value: £397,991
- 2004-2005: "Seed money to support multidisciplinary research" funded by U. Sheffield Environment Division. Investigator: SA Banwart. Value: £10,000
- 2004-2009: "Nanoscale Observation of Biodegradation" funded by EPSRC Responsive Mode Grant. Investigators: SA Banwart with 10 U. Sheffield investigators. Value: £729,000
- 2003-2006: "Use of biosensors to visualise biodegradation" funded by PhD studentship for multidisciplinary research U. Sheffield. Investigators: SA Banwart, S. Rolfe, J. Scholes, D. Lerner. Value : £36,000
- 2003-2006: "Natural attenuation of contaminant mixtures" funded by EPSRC Faraday Partnership CASE studentship EPSRC, Environment Agency. Investigator: SA Banwart. Value: £50,415
- 2002-2005: "Development of an in situ aquifer assessment tool" funded by EPSRC Faraday Partnership Fast-Track Grant. Investigators: SA Banwart, P Nathanail (U. Nottingham), S.F. Thornton, D.N. Lerner,T Elliot (Queens U. Belfast). Value: £369,523
- 2002-2005: Development of an in situ aquifer assessment tool (2 EPSRC Faraday Partnership CASE studentships)" funded by EPSRC, Environment Agency, Shell Global Solutions. Investigator: SA Banwart. Value: £94,000
- 2002-2005: "Visualisation of biodegradation in groundwater" funded by BBSRC Engineering and Biological Systems Grant. Investigators: SA Banwart and D.N.Lerner. Value: £248,712
- 2001-2005: "Urban Land and Water" funded by EPSRC Masters Training Package Grant. Investigators: SA Banwart, D.N. Lerner, A.J.Saul, D. Smith,C.McLeod. Value: £351,350
- 2001-2004: "Spatial variability of organics adsorption in soil" funded by EPSRC Waste and Pollution Management Grant. Investigators: SA Banwart (joint with U. Durham, £250k total). Value: £125,410
- 2001-2004: "Natural attenuation in the chalk aquifer" funded by EPSRC Waste and Pollution Management Grant. Investigators:S.F.Thornton, D.N. Lerner, SA Banwart, G. Wealthall,S.H. Bottrell, R. Pickup. Value: £412,186
- Leads development of international Postgraduate Training Programme in soil sustainability
- £570k in EPSRC MSc-Level teaching grant income 2001- 2008
- Bridge J, Banwart SA, Dobson P, Hooper T, Evans T, Shand C, Stewart D, Tibbett M & McGrath S (2013) Securing Soils for Sustainable Agriculture – a Science Led Strategy. London: Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC).
- Banwart SA, Chorover J, Gaillardet J, Sparks D, White T, Anderson S, Aufdenkampe A, Bernasconi S, Brantley SL, Chadwick O, Dietrich WE, Duffy C, Goldhaber M, Lehnert K, Nikolaidis NP & Ragnarsdottir KV (2013) Sustaining Earth’s Critical Zone Basic Science and Interdisciplinary Solutions for Global Challenges. Sheffield, United Kingdom: The University of Sheffield.
- Rizoulis A, Elliott DR, Rolfe SA, Scholes JD, Thornton SF, Banwart SA & Pickup RW (2013) Diversity of planktonic and attached bacterial communities in a phenol-contaminated sandstone aquifer. Microbial Ecology, 66(1), 84-95.
- Beerling DJ, Taylor LL, Leake JR, Bradshaw CDC, Lunt DJ, Valdes PJ, Banwart SA & Pagani M (2012) Ecosystem CO starvation and terrestrial silicate weathering: Mechanisms and global-scale quantification during the late Miocene. Journal of Ecology, 100(1), 31-41.
- Li M, Romero-Gonzalez M, Banwart SA, Huang WE & Xu J (2012) Single cell Raman spectroscopy for cell sorting and imaging. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 23(1), 56-63.
- Taylor LL, Leake JR, Beerling DJ, Banwart SA & Valdes PJ (2012) Evaluating the effects of terrestrial ecosystems, climate and carbon dioxide on weathering over geological time: A global-scale process-based approach. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 367(1588), 565-582.
- Banwart SA, Menon M, Bernasconi SM, Bloem J, Blum WH, de Souza DM, Davidsdotir B, Duffy C, Lair GJ, Kram P, Lamacova A, Lundin L, Nikolaidis NP, Novak M, Panagos P, Ragnarsdottir KV, Reynolds B, Robinson D, Rousseva S, de Ruiter P, van Gaans P, Weng L, White T & Zhang B (2012) Soil processes and functions across an International Network of Critical Zone Observatories: introduction to experimental methods and initial results. Comptes Rendus Geoscience, 344(11-12), 758-772.
- Banwart S, Bernasconi SM, Bloem J, de Ruiter P, van Riemsdijk W, Blum W, Lair G, Brandao M, Panagos P, Brantley S, Duffy C, White T, Chabaux F, Lundin L, Kram P, Novak M, Nikolaidis N, Ragnarsdottir KV, Reynolds B, Rousseva S, van Gaans P & Zhang B (2011) Soil processes and functions in critical zone observatories: Hypotheses and experimental design. Vadose Zone Journal, 10(3), 974-987.
- Haward SJ, Smits MM, Ragnarsdottir KV, Leake JR, Banwart SA & McMaster TJ (2011) In situ atomic force microscopy measurements of biotite basal plane reactivity in the presence of oxalic acid. Geochemica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75, 6870-6881.
- Bonneville S, Morgan DJ, Bray A, Benning LG, Brown A, Schmalenberger A & Banwart SA (2011) Tree-mycorrhiza symbiosis accelerate mineral weathering: Evidences from nanometer-scale elemental fluxes at the hypha-mineral interface. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(22), 6988-7005.
- Banwart SA (2011) Save our soils. Nature, 474, 151-152.
- DeJong JT, Ginn TR, Nelson DC, Mortensen BM, Martinez BC, Barkouki T, Soga K, Banwart SA & Whalley WR (2011) Soil engineering in vivo: Harnessing natural biogeochemical systems for sustainable, multi-functional engineering solutions. Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 8(54), 1-15.
- Andrews JS, Rolfe SA, Huang WE, Scholes JD & Banwart SA (2010) Biofilm formation in environmental bacteria is influenced by different macromolecules depending on genus and species. Environmental Microbiology, 12, 2496-2507.
- Zhang ZY, Pen Y, Edyvean R, Banwart SA, Dalgliesh RM & Geoghegan M (2010) Adhesive and conformational behaviour of mycolic acid monolayers. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-Biomembranes, 1798, 1829-1839.
- Bridge JW, Banwart SA, Oliver DM, Chadwick D, Godfray HCJ, Heathwaite L, Kay D, Maheswaram R, Mcgonigle DF, Nichols G, Pickup R, Porter J & Wastlingl J (2010) Engaging with the water sector for public health benefits: Waterborne pathogens and diseases in developed countries. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 88(11), 873-875.
- Bridge JW, Banwart SA & Heathwaite AL (2009) Measurement of colloid mobilization and redeposition during drainage in quartz sand. Environmental Science and Technology, 43(15), 5769-5775.
- Banwart SA, Beerling DJ & Berg A (2009) Process-based modeling of silicate mineral weathering responses to increasing atmospheric CO and climate change GB4013. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23(4).
- Ojeda JJ, Romero-González ME & Banwart SA (2009) Analysis of bacteria on steel surfaces using reflectance micro-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Analytical Chemistry, 81(15), 6467-6473.
- Ojeda JJ, Romero-González ME, Banwart SA, Bachmann RT & Edyvean RGJ (2008) Characterization of the cell surface and cell wall chemistry of drinking water bacteria by combining XPS, FTIR spectroscopy, modeling, and potentiometric titrations. Langmuir, 24(8), 4032-4040.
- Nations U & Program UNE (Ed.) (2012) The benefits of soil carbon.. United Nations Publications.