Spaces of social exclusion and inclusion
With Aram Eisenschitz and Andrew McCulloch I have written a book on social exclusion and inclusion and their spatial construction, to be published by Routledge in October 2005. Poverty is a continuing, indeed growing, reality in the developed countries. So too is effective exclusion from participation in important economic, social and political activities, something which European governments now often term 'social exclusion'. This book analyses the causes of, and proposed remedies for, these problems, focusing particularly on their spatial aspects. It explores the ways in which poverty and exclusion are generated not only by the economy but by public services, social life, cultures and ideologies, and by a number of social oppressions as well as class. Both longstanding processes and the current period of neoliberal globalisation are considered. The book highlights the spatial processes involved at scales from the home to the world; we argue that territory and distance, mobility and immobility are central to the production of poverty and exclusion.
Policies towards the poor over the history of British capitalism are discussed, drawing out the chronic tensions between incorporation and discipline, and showing how policy has used spatial processes at every spatial scale from neighbourhood to empire. The final part of the book critiques the current broad consensus on combating poverty and exclusion, showing that the apparent consensus hides important differences in political agendas and methods. It then discusses in depth the approaches of major political strategies to social exclusion: the populist right, neoliberalism, the New Labour programme, associationalism and new social democratic approaches, and socialism. We argue that the deployment of geographical processes is integral to each of these strategies and is a key difference between them. The main focus is on Britain, but the book draws out similarities and differences to other developed countries.
The book is written for researchers into social exclusion and social policy more widely, and for practioners developing and implementing policies against social exclusion. It will also be a key text for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate courses on social exclusion.
Jamie Gough and Aram Eisenschitz with Andrew McCulloch (2005) Spaces of Social Exclusion, Abingdon: Routledge