Professor Michael A Balikhin

Professor of Space Systems

Professor M A Balikhin,
Department of Automatic Control and Systems Engineering
University of Sheffield
S1 3JD
Tel: (+44) (0)114 222 5628
Fax: (+44) (0)114 222 5683


Professor Balikhin joined the Space Systems Laboratory (prior to 2011 Space Systems Group) in 1995. His main scientific interests since his PhD in 1989 are the physics of collisionless shocks, plasma turbulence and nonlinear systems. His later acquired research topics include dynamics of radiation belts and waves in the inner magnetosphere. The first spacecraft project that he has been involved was VEGA mission to Comet Halley , for which he had a Co-I status in APVN instrument developed to measure low frequency waves. Presently Professor Balikhin is the PI of DWP instruments onboard of four ESA Cluster satellites and is an editor of the Journal of Geophysical Research, published by American Geophysical Society.

Research Interests

Space Plasma, Turbulence in high beta (hot) plasma, Collisionless Shocks, Avalanching Systems, Space Weather, Solar-Terrestrial Relations, Spacecraft Instrumentation, Nonlinear Systems, Identification of linear and non-linear processes in data, Methods of data analysis for multi-spacecraft missions.

Presently Active Space Missions:


PI for the Research Grants:

STFC, M A Balikhin (PI), Dynamics of key wave emissions in the radiation belts, 2018-2021, £316,869
NERC, M A Balikhin (PI), Radiation Belt Modelling, 2017-2021, £474.161
STFC, M A Balikhin (PI), Operations Support for Cluster DWP instrument, 2017-2019, £144,570
STFC, M A Balikhin (PI), Operations Support for Cluster WDB instrument, 2017-2019, £97,578
STFC, M A Balikhin (PI)  Cluster operations 2015-2017 £265,159
STFC, M A Balikhin (PI), V Fedun Thor Eds 2016-2017 £80,642
EC Horizon 2020, R Von Fay-Siebenburgen, M A Balikhin (CoI), V Fedun, S A Billings, H L Wei PROGRESS 2015-2017 £577,742
STFC, R Von Fay-Siebenburgen, M A Balikhin(CoI), V Fedun, S A Billings, S A Pope, M Ruderman, I Ballai, R Jain, P Willis Consolidated Grant Support for the Solar Physics and Space Plasma Research Centre (SP2RC) 2015-2018 £664,328
ESA, M A Balikhin (PI) Cluster Active Archive Extension 2015-2016 £84,444
STFC, M A Balikhin (PI) Cluster Operations 2015-6 2015-2016 £265,159
STFC, M A Balikhin (PI) THOR Electron Density Sounder concept and design work 2015-2016 £29,936
Royal Society, M A Balikhin (PI) Investigation into self-consistent dynamics of waves and energetic particles in near-Earth plasma based on multi-satellite measurements 2012-2015 £12,000
EPSRC Platform Grant Renewal, S A Billings, V Kadirkamanathan, Z Q Lang, D Coca, M Balikhin (CoI), H Wei System Identification and Information Processing for Complex Systems 2010-2015 £1.2M
STFC, "Cluster Ops Extension Phase 2 ", June 2013, £110k
STFC, "Sheffield Cluster Postlaunch Extension", December 2011, £210k
European Space Agency, "Cluster Active Archive Extension", October 2011, £142k
EU 7th FWP (Seventh Framework Programme), M Balikhin, "Search for Electro-Magnetic Earthquake Precursors combining satellite and ground-based facilities (SEMEP)", 2010-2012, €452,514
STFC, M Balikhin (PI), "Kinetic Theory of waves in space and astrophysical plasmas", 2009 - 2012, £293,792
STFC, M Balikhin (PI), "Venus Express Post Launch Support", 2009 - 2011, £26,792
STFC, M Balikhin (PI), "Venus Express science exploitation", 2008 - 2011, £254,097
PPARC M Balikhin (PI), "Theory of Nonlinear Waves in Hot Space Plasmas", 2006-2009, £173,640
PPARC, M Balikhin, H St CK Alleyne, "Dynamical Processes and Wave Turbulence at the Boundaries of the Magnetosphere", 2004-2008, £164,825
M Balikhin, "A Theoretical Kinetic Study of Low Frequency Values in High β Non-uniform Anistropic Space Plasmas", 2003-2006, £146,503

Selected Recent Publications

  • Walker, S. N., A. G. Demekhov, S. A. Boardsen, N. Y. Ganushkina, D. G. Sibeck, and M. A. Balikhin, Cluster observations of non–time continuous magnetosonic waves, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 9701–9716, doi:10.1002/2016JA023287, 2016.
  • Boynton, R. J., D. Mourenas,and M. A. Balikhin, Electron flux dropouts at Geostationary Earth Orbit: Occurrences, magnitudes, and main driving factors, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 8448–8461, doi:10.1002/2016JA022916, 2016.
  • Aryan, H., D. Sibeck, M. Balikhin, O. Agapitov, and C. Kletzing, Observation of chorus waves by the Van Allen Probes: Dependence on solar wind parameters and scale size, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 121, 7608–7621, doi:10.1002/2016JA022775, 2016.
  • Boynton, R. J., M. A. Balikhin, D. G. Sibeck, S. N. Walker, S. A. Billings, and N. Ganushkina, Electron flux models for different energies at geostationary orbit, Space Weather, 14, 846–860, doi:10.1002/2016SW001506, 2016.
  • Balikhin M. A., J. V. Rodriguez, R. J. Boynton, S. N. Walker, H. Aryan, D. G. Sibeck, S. A. Billings,  Comparative analysis of NOAA REFM and 3GEO tools for the forecast of the fluxes of high energy electrons at GEO, Space Weather, 14, 22–31, doi:10.1002/2015SW001303, 2016.
  • Balikhin M.A., Shprits, Y. Y., Walker, S. N., Chen, L., Cornilleau-Wehrlin, N., Dandouras, I., Santolik, O., Carr, C., Yearby, K.H., Weiss, B., Observations of discrete harmonics emerging from equatorial noise, Nature Communications, 6, Article Number: 7703, DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8703, Published: JUL 2015.
  • Tatsuta, K., Hobara, Y., Pal, S., Balikhin, M., Sub-ionospheric VLF signal anomaly due to geomagnetic storms: a statistical study;  Annales Geophysicae, 33, 8; Pages: 405-411; DOI: 10.5194/angeo-33-405-2015, 2015.
  • Walker, S. N., M. A. Balikhin, D. R. Shklyar, K. H. Yearby, P. Canu, C. M. Carr, and I. Dandouras,     Experimental determination of the dispersion relation of magnetosonic waves,  J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 9632-9650, doi:10.1002/2015JA021746, 2015.
  • Walker, S. N., M. A. Balikhin, P. Canu, N. Cornilleau-Wehrlin, and I. Moiseenko, Investigation of the Chirikov resonance overlap criteria for equatorial magne- tosonic waves, J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 120, 8774-8781, doi:10.1002/2015JA021718, 2015
  • Gedalin, M., Friedman,Y., Balikhin, M., Collisionless relaxation of downstream ion distributions in low-Mach number shocks,    Physics of Plasmas,  22,  7 Article Number: 072301, DOI: 10.1063/1.4926452, Published: JUL 2015.
  • Gedalin, M., Kushinsky, Y., Balikhin, M., Profile of a low-Mach-number shock in two-fluid plasma theory,  Annales Geophysicae, 33, 8, 1011-1017, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-33-1011-2015, 2015.
  • Balikhin, M. A., A. Runov, S. N. Walker, M. Gedalin, I. Dandouras, Y. Hobara, and A. Fazakerley (2014), On the fine structure of dipolarization fronts,   J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 6367-6385, doi:10.1002/2014JA019908, 2014.
  • Boynton, R. J.,  Balikhin, M. A.,  Billings, S. A.,  Online NARMAX model for electron fluxes at GEO,  Annales Geophysicae, 33, 3, 405-411, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-33-405-2015, 2015.
  • Aryan, H., K. Yearby, M. Balikhin, O. Agapitov, V. Krasnoselskikh, and R. Boynton,  Statistical study of chorus wave distributions in the inner magnetosphere using Ae and solar wind parameters,  J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 6131-6144, doi:10.1002/2014JA019939, 2014.
  • Aryan, H., Balikhin, M. A.,  Taktakishvili, A., Zhang, T. L., Observation of shocks associated with CMEs in 2007, Annales Geophysicae, 32,  3, 223-230, doi: 10.5194/angeo-32-223-2014, 2014.
  • Boynton, R. J., M. A. Balikhin, and D. Mourenas, Statistical analysis of electron lifetimes at GEO: Comparisons with chorus-driven losses,  J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, 6356-6366, doi:10.1002/2014JA019920, 2014.
  • Pakhotin I., A. Y. Drozdov, Y. Y. Shprits, R. J. Boynton, D. Subbotin and M. A. Balikhin, Simulation of high-energy radiation belt electron fluxes using NARMAX-VERB coupled codes,  J. Geophys. Res. Space Physics, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JA020238, 2014.
  • Yearby, K. H., M. Balikhin, and S. N. Walker, Single-event upsets in the Cluster and Double Star Digital Wave Processor instruments, Space Weather, 12, 24-28, doi:10.1002/2013SW000985, 2014.
  • Pakhotin, I. P., Walker, S. N., Shprits, Y. Y., Balikhin, M. A.,  Dispersion relation of electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves using Cluster observations,  Ann. Geophys., 31, 8,   1437-1446, DOI: 10.5194/angeo-31-1437-2013, 2013.
  • Agapitov O, Artemyev A, Krasnoselskikh V, Breuillard H, Khotyaintsev YV, Mourenas D, Balikhin M & Rolland G (2013) Statistics of whistler mode waves in the outer radiation belt: Cluster STAFF-SA measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research A: Space Physics, 118(6), 3407-3420.
  • Dimmock AP, Balikhin MA, Walker SN & Pope SA (2013) Dispersion of low frequency plasma waves upstream of the quasi-perpendicular terrestrial bow shock. Annales Geophysicae, 31(8), 1387-1395.
  • Boynton RJ, Balikhin MA, Billings SA & Amariutei OA (2013) Application of nonlinear autoregressive moving average exogenous input models to Geospace: Advances in understanding and space weather forecasts. Annales Geophysicae. View this article in White Rose Research Online
  • Li P, Wei H-L, Billings SA, Balikhin MA & Boynton R (2013) Nonlinear model identification from multiple data sets using an orthogonal forward search algorithm. Journal of Computational and Nonlinear Dynamics, 8(4).
  • Golbraikh E, Gedalin M, Balikhin M & Zhang TL (2013) Large amplitude nonlinear waves in Venus magnetosheath. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS, 118(4), 1706-1710.
  • Boynton RJ, Balikhin MA, Billings SA, Reeves GD, Ganushkina N, Gedalin M, Amariutei OA, Borovsky JE & Walker SN (2013) The analysis of electron fluxes at geosynchronous orbit employing a NARMAX approach. J Geophys Res Space Physics(118).
  • Krasnoselskikh V, Balikhin M, Walker SN, Schwartz S, Sundkvist D, Lobzin V, Gedalin M, Bale SD, Mozer F, Soucek J, Hobara Y & Comisel H (2013) The dynamic quasiperpendicular shock: Cluster discoveries.
  • Zhang TL, Lu QM, Wang S, Baumjohann W, Teh WL, Nakamura R, Russell CT, Wei HY, Luhmann JG, Glassmeier KH, Dubinin E, Du AM & Balikhin M (2012) Giant flux ropes observed in the magnetized ionosphere at Venus. Geophysical Research Letters, 39(23).
  • Balikhin MA, Boynton RJ, Billings SA, Gedalin M & Reeves GD (2012) Time scaling of the electron flux increase at GEO: The local energy diffusion model vs observations. Journal of Geophysical Research A: Space Physics, 117(10).
  • Balikhin MA, Walker SN, Sibeck DG & Runov A (2012) Magnetic holes in the vicinity of dipolarization fronts: Mirror or tearing structures?. Journal of Geophysical Research A: Space Physics, 117(8).
  • Zhang TL, Lu QM, Dou XK, Wang S, Baumjohann W, Nakamura R, Teh WL, Wang RS, Russell CT, Fedorov A, Barabash S, Coates AJ, Du AM, Cao JB, Glassmeier KH, Auster HU & Balikhin M (2012) Magnetic reconnection in the near Venusian magnetotail. Science, 336(6081), 567-570.

Further publications information