Dr Colin DuvalColin Duval

Visiting Research Fellow

PhD. Université François Rabelais de Tours & Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle de Paris

Email address: colin.duval@sheffield.ac.uk

Webpage: https://sheffield.academia.edu/ColinDuval

Department address

Department of Archaeology

University of Sheffield

Minalloy House

10 - 16 Regent Street

Sheffield

S1 3NJ

United Kingdom


Profile

Biography

I am a French zooarchaeologist whose research focus is on economic changes transition between the Iron Age and the Roman period. However, I recently started to work also on medieval and modern sites in northern France. In addition to classic zooarchaeological and historical approaches, I perform classic and geometric morphometrics on teeth and bones to study changes and diversity in domestic mammals and bird morphology.

My PhD, completed in September 2015 (université François Rabelais de Tours & Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle de Paris), examined the economic and agropastoral changes that occurred in Gaul and in Western Europe, especially between the La Tène and Roman periods, but also till modern times. This research mainly focused on the evolution of pig morphology and husbandry practices.

In keeping with my master’s degree and PhD, my broad aim is to progressively draw a landscape of livestock types of Celtic and Roman Europe. This will contribute to our understanding of economic interactions, influences, internal and external trades and the variability of agropastoral characteristics and behaviours.

My current Post Doc research is a part of this project. It is funded by the Fondation Fyssen for 10 months, and focuses on cattle breeding in Late Prehistoric and Roman Britain, in order to observe economic changes along this period. To achieve this, I will study changes and diversity of English cattle morphology, then to compare with Gallic trends.

Research

Areas of interest:

Animal husbandry
Morphometrics
Zooarchaeology of Iron Age, Roman period and Middle Ages
Zooarchaeology of France, Britain and Western Europe

Current project:

Economic changes and agricultural identity in Late Prehistoric and Roman Europe. The case of cattle breeding in Britain.
During the Iron Age and the Roman period, in Western Europe and all around the Mediterranean Sea, the development of new social and political structures and the intensification of exchanges between populations led to changes in production systems and targets. This new economic scenario included changes in animal selection criteria, as well as the intensification and expansion of supply networks. The implications, in terms of size, appearance and movement of livestock are numerous. By studying the skeletal morphology of cattle in Britain, and compare it with previously analyses carried out in the Gallic, Germanic and Italian territories, the submitted project proposes to follow the evolution of European economic models at the transition between prehistory and history. This will be achieved inter-disciplinarily, through an analysis of historical data, archaeological surveys, morphometrics and chemical evidence. The work envisaged thus constitutes a fundamental step for the definition of a geography of livestock breeding in Europe. It will reconstruct meat supply networks, animal production strategies and the interactions between sites and territories.

Selected Publications

Selected publications

Frémondeau D., Nuviala P., Duval C. (2017) – Pigs and Cattle in Gaul: The Role of Gallic Societies in the Evolution of Husbandry Practices, European Journal of Archaeology, 16 p.

Duval C., Frémondeau D., Lepetz S., Horard-Herbin M.-P. (2016) – L’élevage du porc : un savoir-faire gaulois ? Apport croisé des études isotopique et ostéométrique des os de cochon, in : Blancquaert G., Malrain F. (dir.) – Évolution des sociétés gauloises du Second âge du Fer, entre mutations internes et influences externes, Actes du 38e colloque international de l’AFEAF (Amiens, 29 mai-1er juin 2014), Revue Archéologique de Picardie, n° spécial 30 : 583-596.

Duval C., Cucchi T., Horard-Herbin M.-P., Lepetz S. (2016) – Le modèle romain a-t-il influencé l’élevage en Gaule ? De nouvelles perspectives ouvertes par la morphométrie géométrique et l’observation des formes dentaires du cochon, in : Blancquaert G., Malrain F. (dir.) – Évolution des sociétés gauloises du Second âge du Fer, entre mutations internes et influences externes, Actes du 38e colloque international de l’AFEAF (Amiens, 29 mai-1er juin 2014), Revue Archéologique de Picardie, n° spécial 30 : 657-662.

Duval C., Lepetz S., Horard-Herbin M.-P., Cucchi T. (2015) – Did Romanization impact Gallic pig morphology? New insights from molar geometric morphometrics, Journal of Archaeological Science, 57: 345-354.

Duval C., Horard-Herbin M.-P., Lepetz S. (2013) – Morphological changes in domestic cattle in Gaul, from the second century BC to the fifth century AD: diversity of herds in the Seine valley (France) and northern Gaul, Journal of Archaeological Science, 40: 3977-3990.

Duval C., Lepetz S., Horard-Herbin M.-P. (2012) – Diversité des cheptels et diversification des morphotypes bovins dans le tiers nord-ouest des Gaules entre la fin de l’âge du Fer et la période romaine, Gallia, 69-2, CNRS Éditions : 79-114.