Mauro Rizzetto

Mauro Rizzetto

Email: mrizzetto1@sheffield.ac.uk, mauro.rizzetto11@gmail.com

PhD title

Developments in animal husbandry between the Late Roman period and the Early Middle Ages: a comparative study of the evidence from Britain and the lower Rhineland

Supervisors

Umberto Albarella (1st), Dawn Hadley (2nd)

PhD abstract

My PhD project will investigate the development of animal husbandry during the period of transition between the Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages in Britain and in the lower Rhine region. Diachronic and geographical differences will be analysed and interpreted within the changing socio-economic and political contexts. In particular, changes in the outputs and scale of husbandry practices are expected to reflect different socio-political conditions and economic strategies. Therefore, the project aims at providing new information on the process of decline of the Roman world and the onset of early medieval economies.
In order to achieve this, the research project will also include a review of studies on local and regional trends in animal exploitation during the Imperial period. Roman husbandry practices are known to have impacted considerably on the way domestic animals were reared in the various provinces of the Empire. On many Roman sites there is increasing evidence for the specialisation of economic activities, including the exploitation of animal resources. In several instances, modifications to the biological characters of domesticates were deliberately sought and pursued; a well-known example from the Roman period is the size increase undergone by some domestic species, with particular regard to cattle and, to a lesser extent, sheep and pig. The demise of the Roman political and economic system resulted in a number of modifications to husbandry practices, which entailed a less specialised and smaller-scale management of animal resources typical of self-sufficient, subsistence economies.
In contrast with the abundance of zooarchaeological studies focussing on the Iron Age to Roman transition, relatively few investigations have explored the development of animal exploitation during the centuries elapsing between the Late Antiquity and the onset of the Middle Ages. This research project will contribute to fill such gap, integrating the evidence from British and mainland European sites and thus providing a better understanding of the dynamics which transformed Europe in the post-Roman period.

Qualifications

Qualifications

2014. MSc Osteoarchaeology, University of Sheffield – Distinction.

2013. BSc Archaeological Science with Employment Experience, University of Sheffield – Distinction. Periods abroad: Erasmus Study Placement 02/2011-08/2011 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece; Erasmus Work Placement 10/2011-07/2012 Arquex S.L., Tres Cantos, Madrid, Spain.

Publications and Conferences

Publications

Aniceti, V. and Rizzetto, M. (in prep.) ‘The Roman impact on livestock management. Biometrical evidence from northern Britain’.

Rizzetto, M. and Aniceti, V. (in prep.) ‘Animal management and supply in late Roman and early Anglo-Saxon Britain. The evidence from carbon and oxygen stable isotope analysis (δ13C, δ18O) from three case-studies in north-west Suffolk’.

Rizzetto, M., Crabtree, P. and Albarella, U. (2017) ‘Livestock changes at the beginning and end of the Roman period in Britain: issues of acculturation, adaptation and ‘improvement’, European Journal of Archaeology Special Issue: Proceedings of the 1st ICAZ Roman Period Working Group. Leeds: Maney Publishing.

Rizzetto, M. and Albarella, U. (2017) ‘A glossary of zooarchaeological methods’, in Albarella, U. with Rizzetto, M., Russ, H., Vickers, K. and Viner, S. (eds.) Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Albarella, U. with Rizzetto, M., Russ, H., Vickers, K. and Viner, S. (eds.) (2017) Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Conferences

23rd-25th March 2017. (with Veronica Aniceti) ‘The Roman impact on livestock management. Biometrical evidence from northern Britain’. Postgraduate Zooarchaeology Forum (PZAF) 2017, Toruń, Poland.

1st-2nd December 2016. (with Veronica Aniceti) ‘Animal management and supply in late Roman Britain. The evidence from carbon and oxygen stable isotope analysis (δ13C, δ18O) from three case-studies in north-west Suffolk’. Perspectives in Classical Archaeology (PeClA) conference 2016, Prague, Czech Republic.

1st-3rd April 2016. ‘Two shores of the same sea. British insularity and the Continent in the Roman and early Anglo-Saxon periods’. Association for Environmental Archaeology (AEA) spring conference 2016, Kirkwall, UK.

16th-19th March 2016. (with Veronica Aniceti) ‘Ancient food resources in Roman Britain. Changing husbandry practices and dietary preferences at Castleford (West Yorkshire, England)’. Roman Archaeology Conference (RAC) 2016, Rome, Italy.

4th-6th February 2015. ‘Biometrical analyses in Zooarchaeology. A case-study from the late Roman to early medieval transition in England’. 2nd Young Natural History Scientists’ Meeting, Paris, France.

20th-22nd November 2014. ‘Cattle management in late Roman and early Anglo-Saxon Britain. A butchery and biometrical investigation from Pakenham and West Stow, Suffolk’. 1st meeting of the ICAZ Roman Period Working Group, Sheffield, UK.

Experience

Fieldwork experience

01-31/07/2012 and 03-21/10/2011 Excavation at the Iron Age settlement of Titulcia (Madrid, Spain).

23/02-21/03/2012 Excavation at the Roman villa and Visigothic cemetery of Los Berrocales (Madrid, Spain).

01-26/08/2011 Excavation at the Hellenistic and Roman city of Dion (Central Macedonia, Greece).

02-22/08/2010 Excavation at the late medieval pitch production site of Roche Redonne (Var, France).

28/06-17/07/2010 Excavation at the Sheffield Manor House (Sheffield, UK).

01-30/08/2009 Surveys and excavations on the Alps between Passy and Sixt-Fer-à-Cheval (Haute Savoie, France).

07-20/04/2009, 09-26/07/2008 and 23/07-11/08/2007 Excavation at the Anglo-Saxon and late medieval settlement of West Halton (North Lincolnshire, UK).

30/07-13/08/2008 Excavation of a 16th-century mass grave at Isola del Lazzaretto Novo (Venice, Italy).

17-30/07/2006 Excavation at the Faliscan necropolis and Roman road near Falerii Novi (Lazio, Italy).

Teaching experience

University of Sheffield, undergraduate and postgraduate modules:

Academic year 2016-2017 AAP6084 Advanced Zooarchaeology and AAP6117 Osteoarchaeological Assemblage Analysis (demonstrating).

Academic years 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 AAP317 Archaeozoology, AAP661 Archaeozoology, AAP6084 Advanced Zooarchaeology and AAP6117 Osteoarchaeological Assemblage Analysis (demonstrating).

Short courses organized by the zooarchaeology lab at the University of Sheffield:

15-16/09/2016 Human and Animal Remains: a Comparative Approach (teaching and demonstrating).

12-14/09/2016, 07-09/09/2015, 26-28/01/2015 and 07-09/04/2014 Understanding Zooarchaeology I (teaching and demonstrating).

10-11/09/2015 Exploring Palaeoenvironments (organizer, teaching and demonstrating).

29-30/01/2015 Understanding Zooarchaeology II (demonstrating).

Outreach events

Outreach events

As part of the Sheffield zooarchaeology laboratory:

11/03/2017 Festival of Arts and Humanities, Faculty Showcase at the Millennium Galleries, zooarchaeology stand (Sheffield, UK).

23/05/2016 ‘Pint of Science’ night at The Doctor’s Orders pub, Mammoth steaks to chicken nuggets: investigating diet in archaeology (by Idoia Grau Sologestoa) (Sheffield, UK).

17/04/2016 Liverpool World Museum, zooarchaeology stand (Liverpool, UK).

06/04/2016 Norton Priory Museum, zooarchaeology short course for the museum’s staff (Runcorn, Cheshire, UK).

25-26/05/2015 Woodland Heritage Festival, zooarchaeology stand (Sheffield, UK).

Awards & Bursaries

Awards & Bursaries

University of Sheffield Faculty of Arts and Humanities PhD Scholarship Award 2015-2018

Patricia Phillips Prize 2014

University of Sheffield Faculty of Arts and Humanities Master Scholarship Award 2013-2014

Robert Kiln Prize for Landscape and Aerial Archaeology 2013

Erasmus Work Placement grant 2011-2012

Erasmus Study Placement grant 2011

Jennifer Derwent Prize in Archaeology 2010