Xiaolu Wang

School of Architecture

PhD Research Student

Xiaolu Wang

Full contact details

Xiaolu Wang
School of Architecture
Arts Tower
Western Bank
S10 2TN


  • 2019 - Present (UK)

PhD candidate of Architecture at Sheffield University

  • 2010 - 2013 (China)

Master of Architecture Design at Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology

Work Experience

  • 2018 (Japan)

Visiting scholar in the JASA Team at Waseda University. JASA Team (JAS and APSARA Safeguarding Angkor) / [JAS: Japanese Government Team for Safeguarding Angkor]

  • 2014 - 2018 (China)

2016 - 2018: Lecturer in the School of Engineering and Architecture at Ji'nan University
2014 - 2015: Teaching Assistant in the school of Engineering and Architecture at Ji'nan University

Architecture Projects

  • 2018 - 2019 (China)

Principal architectural designer for the project of Ai-Duo Infant Products Manufacturing Plant

  • 2016 - 2017 (China)

Chief architectural designer for the project of Julong Chinese Luxury Restaurant

Research interests

Project title: 
‘Religious and physical’ contextual exploration of Foguang Monastery, Mount Wutai, China

Project outline: 
Research into Chinese architectural history has thus far concentrated on the identification of ‘relics’, assessment of cultural values, and analysis of architectural typologies. Mount Wutai has long been a famous pilgrimage site of Mañjuśrī Bodhimaṇḍa since 662AD. From pre-history records Mount Wutai was known as a sacred site and there once had hundreds of monasteries in Tang Dynasty (618AD - 906AD). While most of these monasteries have been substantially altered or have disappeared altogether, a few survive. The Great Eastern Hall of Foguang Monastery, as the high-ranked remain commencing in 857AD, has been substantially retained and is one of the oldest surviving buildings in the country. It is also the oldest surface palace structure in China at present, and most of the structural components have been surviving with the initial situation. Therefore, it has great historical value for researchers. Since its discovery in 1937 by the architectural historian Laing, Foguang Monastery has been subject to detailed research, particularly its architectural detailing and typology. However, there remains limited understanding of whether the site selection in Chinese tradition intermingled the Mount cult of Indian Buddhism, and whether and how local beliefs influenced the selection of the site location; further, a few discussions abound concerning the physical context in terms of how the project was organized and implemented, who produced it and how the timber materials were derived and transported, and whether the building rituals resembled those for native buildings or whether they brought innovation. Therefore, to fill these research gaps mentioned above and to contribute to the understanding of the monastic architectural culture in China, this research adopts the position to reframe the Foguang Monastery through religion and physical context.

Primary supervisor: 
Xiang Ren

Jan Woudstra

Date started: 30/09/2019

Research group

Space, Cultures and Politics