Medical School

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There are lots of starting points for choosing a career and using your subject is just one of them. You are not restricted to the career ideas below and you may wish to consider additional factors which are important to you for your future career using our Understand yourself and your options section.

Remember too that the vast majority of graduate jobs are open to graduates of any subject and so your options are much broader than the examples given below.

Firstly, have a think about what ‘using your subject’ means to you and what you’re really looking for. Do you want to apply your subject-specific knowledge or skills to the real world? Or maybe you want to continue to practice and develop these skills? Maybe it’s a broader interest in your subject that you want to keep alive by working in a relevant type of organisation?

Using your subject can help provide you with some focus for your career research, but the broader your interests the more career options you will have open to you. Use our resources below to stimulate your thinking.

Generating career ideas with Medicine

Using the resources below you can start to create your own list of career ideas to research

  • Look at what alumni from your department have done using the DLHE data we collect and through the University of Sheffield alumni page on LinkedIn.
  • Search for and contact alumni in your subject through our Graduate case studies database.
  • Browse the career ideas for Medical School graduates on Prospects and TargetJobs but keep in mind that these are not a comprehensive list of all the careers related to your subject.
  • Brainstorm ideas and do some initial investigation to find out about research, organisations, start ups, government bodies and freelancers connected to your subject. Our Information resources - Occupations section is a good place to start.

Some career ideas for Medical School graduates

Almost all graduates from a degree in Medicine enter the next stage of professional training to become a doctor. There are over 60 specialties in medicine and information on each can be found at NHS Health Careers.
Many postgraduate students in the Medical School progress into related PhDs or employment in scientific research and development in medical/life sciences.

Healthcare scientist

Involved in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions. Working primarily for healthcare providers such as the NHS, healthcare science practitioners and scientists carry out a wide range of specialist scientific procedures. Depending on the role, you could be carrying out lab-based analysis of samples, working with specialist medical equipment, and assessing and treating patients.

Higher education lecturer/researcher

Specialises in the university teaching and research of a range of life and biomedical subjects. Initial entry would normally be via a PhD, plus further postdoctoral research to add to your academic research and teaching experience.

Management consultant

Helps organisations solve issues to maximise growth and improve their performance. They provide objective advice on business strategy, structure, management and operations, identifying options and making recommendations for changes. Strong communication, problem-solving and analytical skills are required, along with commercial understanding of the business environment.

Physician associate

Provides support to doctors working under their direction to carry out patient examinations, diagnosis of conditions, analysis of test results and treatment. Requires a relevant two-year postgraduate qualification.

Public health professionals

Contributes to the reduction of ill-health and improving the general population’s health through health protection (e.g. from environmental threats); health improvement (e.g. through policies to promote healthy lifestyles and improved living conditions); and healthcare improvements (working to ensure provision of efficient and accessible healthcare). Staff work in a wide range of roles including health promotion, health advice, policy research and development and public health management.

Medical/life science researcher

Plans and conducts experiments and analyses results, to develop new products or processes, or to expand general scientific understanding. Typically part of a larger research team, you will often carry out experiments on your own, and disseminate relevant information to professional colleagues. Employment can be in commercial labs (e.g. pharmaceutical manufacturers), hospital or government labs, research institutes and universities. You will usually need a research based Master’s or PhD.

Science writer

Researches and writes scientific news and other articles for a range of business and professional publications, specialist scientific journals, and the general news media. To do this, they need to understand complex information and theories and be able to write in clear and accurate language that can be understood by the intended audience which may be scientists, medical professionals or the general public. While some writers work in scientific journalism and write for a general audience, others in scientific communications write for a more specialist technical/scientific audience.

Medical sales representative

Representatives (often known as ‘reps’) sell health/dental care companies’ products to customers including dentists, doctors, hospitals and pharmacies. You will promote your company's dental and/or pharmaceutical and medical products to new and existing customers, and seek to meet set sales targets while being responsible for maintaining good commercial relations with your clients.

Clinical research associate

Runs drugs trials with humans to test the effectiveness of newly developed and existing drugs as well potential side effects and benefits, to ensure they are safe for release to the market. Usually employed by a pharmaceutical company or a contract research organisation, CRAs work on all stages of the trial. The work includes outlining the trial methodology, designing the data collection process, working with regulatory authorities, selecting facilities for the trial and liaising with medical professionals.

Regulatory affairs officer

Works to ensure the licensing, marketing and legal compliance of pharmaceutical and medical products in order to control their safety. Uses scientific knowledge and understanding of legal and business issues so that products manufactured and sold by companies meet the requirements of the relevant legislation. Skills required include the ability to acquire an in-depth understanding of both legal and scientific information and attention to detail, along with a high level of communication skills.

Biomedical engineer

Applies knowledge of engineering principles and materials to healthcare by researching, designing and developing medical products for medical equipment manufacturers, e.g. replacement knee joints and medical equipment. Alternatively, biomedical engineers manage the use of clinical equipment in healthcare settings where the job is typically called healthcare scientist.

Some career ideas with MMed Human Nutrition

Jobs related to your degree include:


Assesses and delivers nutritional advice to a variety of audiences to improve health and well-being and to promote a healthy diet, including contributing to the production of healthy foodstuffs. Employers include food manufacturers and retailers, nutrition research companies, hospitals and community healthcare providers, sports organisations, charities and local authorities. Some nutritionists are self-employed and provide nutritional and lifestyle advice to individual members of the public.

Food technologist

Works for food manufacturers on the development of manufacturing processes and the recipes of food and drink products. They may work on using ingredients to invent new recipes, and/or modify existing foods to create products such as fat-free foodstuffs or ready meals.

Health promotion specialist

Helps people to improve their own health and increase their control over it. The roles in health promotion vary from advising individuals, or developing and implementing health education policies, to establishing programmes that promote healthy lifestyles and running campaigns. Although a specialist health promotion qualification may not always be necessary, a relevant one in health education or public health may be required by some employers, especially for senior posts or positions involving staff or project management.

Subject specific resources


MMed Human Nutrition