Dr Andrew Liew
Department of Civil and Structural Engineering
Lecturer in Civil and Structural Engineering
+44 114 222 5705
Full contact details
Department of Civil and Structural Engineering
Sir Frederick Mappin Building (Broad Lane Building)
My research utilises computational methods and digital fabrication to enhance the efficiency of building construction, to use less natural resources and improve sustainability.
Dr Andrew Liew
Andrew studied his undergraduate Masters degree in Civil Engineering at Imperial College, London, specialising in structural design and analysis, and computational methods.
He then started his career with Arup in the Buildings Engineering Group in London, working on projects including the redevelopment of King’s Cross railway station in London and the structural design of York University metro station in Toronto, Canada.
His work focussed on the engineering of structural elements using reinforced concrete, steel and masonry.
Andrew returned to Imperial College to complete his PhD studies in the ‘Design of structural steel elements with the Continuous Strength Method (CSM)’, which extended the CSM using analytical and numerical methods to calculate the strength and deformations of various steel cross-section shapes and members.
This research aims at more effectively using material strength in construction design to move towards material savings of 10-30%.
Some of the developed resistance equations are used in the American Institute of Steel Construction’s design guide for stainless steel, and feature in the UK Non-Contradictory Complementary Information (NCCI) for Eurocode 3: Part 1.4.
Andrew moved to a post-doctoral position at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich to assist with grant proposals, technical supervision of PhD/Masters students, and the design, analysis and testing of small and large scale prototypes related to digital fabrication.
He also worked on the development of the research group's finite element analysis, numerical methods, form- finding algorithms and visualisation packages through COMPAS, an open-source computational framework used by the architectural and structural disciplines.
Andrew joined us in June 2019 and his research interests focus on computational methods: Python/C++/GPU programming, open-source code platforms, computer aided design, form-finding, numerical algorithms, scientific visualisation, graphical user interfaces, optimisation methods, machine learning and high-performance computing.
By using analytical and numerical methods, he hopes to improve the efficiency of structural design and analysis, and to interface with digital fabrication technologies (such as additive/subtractive manufacturing, new building geometries, and the use of robotics), and help make our industry’s construction and fabrication methods more sustainable.
Andrew will use the state-of-the-art facilities at ICAIR and work closely with industry to pass on these influences.
- Structural engineering from an inverse problems perspective. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 478(2257). View this article in WRRO
- Designing bending-active gridshells as falsework for concrete shells through numerical optimization. Engineering Structures, 240, 112352-112352.
- A three-dimensional approach to the Extended Limit Analysis of Reinforced Masonry. Structures.
- Constrained Force Density Method optimisation for compression-only shell structures. Structures, 28, 1845-1856.
- Analysis and optimisation of a rib-stiffened vaulted floor for dynamic performance. Engineering Structures, 213, 110577-110577.
- Structural design, digital fabrication and construction of the cable-net and knitted formwork of the KnitCandela concrete shell. Structures.
- Optimising the load path of compression-only thrust networks through independent sets. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 60(1), 231-244.
- Tile vaults as integrated formwork for reinforced concrete: Construction, experimental testing and a method for the design and analysis of two-dimensional structures. Engineering Structures, 188, 233-248.
- A Cable-Net and Fabric Formwork System for the Construction of Concrete Shells: Design, Fabrication and Construction of a Full Scale Prototype. Structures, 18, 72-82.
- Active control of a rod-net formwork system prototype. Automation in Construction, 96, 128-140.
- Design, fabrication and testing of discrete 3D sand-printed floor prototypes. Materials Today Communications, 15, 254-259.
- Building in Concrete with an Ultra-lightweight Knitted Stay-in-place Formwork: Prototype of a Concrete Shell Bridge. Structures, 14, 322-332.
- Structural design, fabrication and construction of the Armadillo vault. Structural Engineer, 96(5), 10-20.
- Load-path optimisation of funicular networks. Meccanica, 53(1-2), 279-294.
- Moment-Curvature-Thrust Relationships for Beam-Columns. Structures, 11, 146-154.
- Design, fabrication and testing of a prototype, thin-vaulted, unreinforced concrete floor. Engineering Structures, 137, 323-335.
- Vectorised graphics processing unit accelerated dynamic relaxation for bar and beam elements. Structures, 8, 111-120.
- The continuous strength method for the design of circular hollow sections. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 118, 207-216.
- Ultimate capacity of structural steel cross-sections under compression, bending and combined loading. Structures, 1, 2-11.
- Experimental study of stainless steel angles and channels in bending. Structures, 4, 80-90.
- INFLUENCE OF STRAIN HARDENING ON THE BEHAVIOR AND DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES. International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics, 11(05), 855-875.
- Ultimate capacity of stainless steel RHS subjected to combined compression and bending, Tubular Structures XIV (pp. 423-430).
Conference proceedings papers
- Prototype of a thin, vaulted concrete floor using a knitted, stay-in-place formwork. Proceeding of the 1st International Conference on Concrete and Digital Fabrication, Zurich
- Full-scale prototype of a cable-net and fabric formed concrete thin-shell roof. IASS 2019 Proceedings
- Non-prismatic bending and torsion beam elements for form finding by dynamic relaxation. Proceedings of IASS Annual Symposia, Vol. 2016(16) (pp 1-10)
- The continuous strength method for circular hollow sections (pp 621-628)
- Experimental study of hot-rolled rectangular hollow sections. Structural Stability Research Council Annual Stability Conference 2014, SSRC 2014 (pp 33-51)
- Ultimate capacity of stainless steel RHS subjected to combined compression and bending (pp 423-430)
- Exploiting strain hardening in structural steel design. Proceedings of Seventh International Conference on Advances in Steel Structures
Software / Code
- compas_fea: A finite element analysis package for Python.
- COMPAS: A framework for computational research in architecture and structures.
Theses / Dissertations
- Research group
Computational Mechanics & Design
Steel & Composite Structures
- Potential PhD offerings
Unfortunately I am not seeking any PhD Students at this time, however please contact me if you are interested in doing a project in my research area.