Dr Shan-Shan Huang
HEA, PhD, MSc, BEng
Department of Civil and Structural Engineering
Senior Lecturer in Structural Engineering
+44 114 222 5727
Full contact details
Department of Civil and Structural Engineering
Sir Frederick Mappin Building (Broad Lane Building)
By understanding what happens to structures in the event of a fire, we can design to improve fire engineering practices, in terms of safety, efficiency, sustainability.
Dr Shan-Shan Huang
Shan-Shan’s research into structural fire engineering aims to explore and understand how fire affects structures. This understanding can inform the design process to improve safety, and make construction practices economical and more sustainable.
Shan-Shan obtained her MSc (Distinction) degree in Steel Construction in 2005 and completed her PhD ‘The Effects of Transient Strain on the Strength of Concrete-Filled Columns in Fire’ in 2009, both in the Department.
She then worked as a Post-Doctoral Research Associate on the European collaborative project COMPFIRE (Design of Joints to Composite Columns for Improved Fire Robustness) before taking up a post lecturing.
- Research interests
Her current research focuses are:
- Sustainable concrete in fire, e.g. the use of recycled waste products (such as tyre fibres) added to concrete as a way of controlling shrinkage cracking and explosive fire-induced spalling. This aims to make concrete infrastructure safer, more sustainable and more economical.
- Fire resistance of greener building systems - e.g. the behaviour of engineered timber in fire.
- Robustness and the prevention of disproportionate progressive collapse of high-rise building structures in fire – e.g. steel beam-to-columns connection and composite slabs.
- Recent trends in ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC): current status, challenges, and future prospects. Construction and Building Materials, 352.
- Structural fire design of square tubed-reinforced-concrete columns with connection to RC beams in composite frames. Journal of Building Engineering, 57.
- Modelling of composite fin-plate connections under fire conditions using component-based method. Engineering Structures, 264.
- Fire spalling behavior of high-strength concrete : a critical review. Construction and Building Materials, 341.
- Predicting strain and stress fields in self-sensing nanocomposites using deep learned electrical tomography. Smart Materials and Structures, 31(4).
- Fire resistance of geopolymer concrete : a critical review. Construction and Building Materials, 324.
- Three-dimensional modelling of composite frames with ductile connections in fire. Structures, 36, 665-677.
- Ductile connection to improve the fire performance of bare-steel and composite frames. Journal of Structural Fire Engineering, 13(2), 249-266.
- Probabilistic cracking prediction via deep learned electrical tomography. Structural Health Monitoring, 21(4), 1574-1589.
- Fire performance of eccentrically-loaded square and rectangular tubed-reinforced-concrete columns. Structures, 33, 1053-1076. View this article in WRRO
- Structural behaviour and design of end-restrained square tubed-reinforced-concrete columns exposed to fire. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 182. View this article in WRRO
- Fire performance of axially ductile connections in composite construction. Fire Safety Journal, 121. View this article in WRRO
- Structural fire safety design of square and rectangular tubed-reinforced-concrete columns. Structures, 29, 1286-1321. View this article in WRRO
- ISO 834 standard fire test and mechanism analysis of square tubed-reinforced-concrete columns. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 175. View this article in WRRO
- Experimental study on the spalling behaviour of ultra-high strength concrete in fire. Construction and Building Materials, 258. View this article in WRRO
- Performance of a novel ductile connection in steel-framed structures under fire conditions. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 169. View this article in WRRO
- Component-based modelling of a novel ductile steel connection. Engineering Structures, 208. View this article in WRRO
- A practical creep model for concrete elements under eccentric compression. Materials and Structures, 52(6). View this article in WRRO
- Investigation of a steel connection to accommodate ductility demand of beams in fire. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 157, 182-197. View this article in WRRO
- Effects of Recycled Steel and Polymer fibres on Explosive Fire Spalling of Concrete. Fire Technology. View this article in WRRO
- A Simplified Steel Beam-To-Column Connection Modelling Approach and Influence of Connection Ductility on Frame Behaviour in Fire. International Journal of High-Rise Buildings, 7(4), 343-362. View this article in WRRO
- Modeling for assessment of long-term behavior of prestressed concrete box-girder bridges. ASCE's Journal of Bridge Engineering, 23(3). View this article in WRRO
- The behaviour and effects of beam-end buckling in fire using a component-based method. Engineering Structures, 139, 15-30. View this article in WRRO
- Post-fire residual mechanical properties of steel butt weld — Experimental study. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 129, 156-162. View this article in WRRO
- Behaviour of Restrained Steel Beam with Reduced Beam Section Exposed to Fire. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 122, 434-444. View this article in WRRO
- Component-based model of buckling panels of steel beams at elevated temperatures. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 118, 91-104. View this article in WRRO
- Parametric studies on the component-based approach to modelling beam bottom flange buckling at elevated temperatures. Acta Polytechnica, 56(2), 132-137. View this article in WRRO
- An analytical approach to modelling shear panels in steel beams at elevated temperatures. Engineering Structures, 85, 73-82. View this article in WRRO
- Notched strip tensile tests to determine yield characteristics of stainless steel. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 140(4).
- Experiments on reverse-channel connections at elevated temperatures. Engineering Structures, 49, 973-982. View this article in WRRO
- A structural fire engineering prediction for the Veselí fire tests, 2011. Journal of Structural Fire Engineering, 4(1), 1-8. View this article in WRRO
- High-temperature tests on joints to steel and partially-encased H-section columns. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 80, 243-251. View this article in WRRO
- The role of connections in the response of steel frames to fire. Structural Engineering International: Journal of the International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering (IABSE), 22(4), 449-461. View this article in WRRO
- Effect of transient strain on strength of concrete and CFT columns in fire - Part 1: Elevated-temperature analysis on a Shanley-like column model. Engineering Structures, 44, 379-388. View this article in WRRO
- Effect of transient strain on strength of concrete and CFT columns in fire – Part 2: Simplified and numerical modelling. Engineering Structures, 44, 389-399. View this article in WRRO
- The mechanics of inelastic buckling using a Shanley-like model. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Engineering and Computational Mechanics, 164(2), 103-119. View this article in WRRO
Conference proceedings papers
- Investigation of the performance of a novel ductile connection within bare-steel and composite frames in fire. Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Structures in Fire (SiF2020) View this article in WRRO
- Mitigation of fire-induced spalling of concrete using recycled tyre polymer fibre. Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Concrete Spalling due to Fire Exposure
- Ductile Connections to Improve Structural Robustness in Fire. Proc. Applications of Structural Fire Engineering conference, Singapore.
- THE EFFECT OF STEEL JOINTS ON FRAME BEHAVIOUR IN FIRE. Proceedings of International Conference on Engineering Research and Practice for Steel Construction 2018
- Fire Protection of Concrete Tunnel Linings with Waste Tyre Fibres. Procedia Engineering, Vol. 210 (pp 472-478) View this article in WRRO
- View this article in WRRO Recycled Tyre Polymer Fibres to Mitigate Heat- induced Spalling of Concrete. Proceedings from the 5th International Workshop on Concrete Spalling
- Influence of Beam-End Buckling on Adjacent Beam-Column Connections in Fire. Proceeding of EUROSTEEL 2017
- 10.10: Influence of beam‐end buckling on adjacent beam‐column connections in fire. Ce/Papers, Vol. 1(2-3) (pp 2592-2600), 13 September 2017 - 15 September 2017. View this article in WRRO
- View this article in WRRO Mitigation of concrete spalling in fire using recycled fibres from waste tyres. IFireSS 2017 – 2nd International Fire Safety Symposium (pp 589-594). Napoli, Italy, 7 June 2017 - 9 June 2017.
- View this article in WRRO Component-Based Element of Beam Local Buckling Adjacent to Connections in Fire. Proc. International Conference on Structures in Fire, Princeton, 8 June 2016 - 10 June 2016.
- View this article in WRRO Development and Modification of Yield Line Patterns in Thin Slabs Subjected to Tensile Membrane Action. Proc. International Conference on Structures in Fire, Princeton (pp 509-509), 8 June 2016 - 10 June 2016.
- Reuse of Waste Tyre Fibres in Concrete-Fire-Spalling Mitigation. STRUCTURES IN FIRE (pp 249-256)
- A Component-Based Approach to Modelling Beam Bottom Flange Buckling at Elevated Temperatures. Applications of Structural Fire Engineering Proceedings, 15 October 2015 - 16 October 2015. View this article in WRRO
- View this article in WRRO A Parametric Investigation of the Transition Between Beam-Web Shear Buckling and Bottom- Flange Buckling at Elevated Temperatures. Proc. CONFAB 2015 - International Conference on Structural Safety under Fire and Blast, Glasgow, UK
- Tensile Membrane Action and the Performance of Composite Slabs in Fire. RESPONSE OF STRUCTURES UNDER EXTREME LOADING (pp 755-763)
- Reuse of Tyre Polymer Fibers to Mitigate Fire-Induced Spalling of Concrete - A Preliminary Study. Proc 4th International Workshop on Concrete Spalling Due to Fire Exposure, Leipzig, Germany.
- View this article in WRRO Shear panel in the vicinity of beam-column connections - component-based modelling. Prof Eurosteel 2014
- View this article in WRRO Shear panel component in the vicinity of beam-column connections in fire. Proc. International Conference on Structures in Fire, Shanghai, 11 June 2014 - 13 June 2014.
- A Re-Examination of the Mechanics of Tensile Membrane Action in Composite Floor Slabs in Fire. Proc International Conference on Structures in Fire, Shanghai
- View this article in WRRO An Alternative Simplified Model of Tensile Membrane Action of Slabs in Fire. Applications of Structural Fire Engineering conference. Prague, Czech Republic, April 2013.
- Notched strip tests to determine the yield characteristics of stainless steel. Proc. SCI 4th International Experts Seminar: Stainless Steel in Structures. Ascot, UK, 6 December 2012 - 7 December 2012.
- Robustness of joints to composite columns in fire. 11th International Conference on Steel, Space and Composite Structures (SS12). Qingdao, China, 12 December 2012 - 14 December 2012.
- A structural fire engineering prediction for the Veseli fire tests, 2011. Proc. Applications of Structural Fire Engineering (pp 411-416). Prague
- Elevated temperature tests on joints to composite columns. Proc. 6th European Conference on Steel Structures (pp 1593-1598). Budapest
- The fire safety of joints in composite structures. Fire Safety Engineering in the UK: The State of the Art. Edinburgh
- Effect of transient thermal strain on the buckling of slender concrete and concrete-filled columns in fire. Structures in Fire Workshop (pp 594-605). Singapore
- The Buckling of Slender Concrete and Concrete-Filled Columns in Fire. Proc. Proc fib Workshop: Fire Design of Concrete Structures - from Materials Modelling to Structural Performance, Coimbra
- The Buckling of Slender Concrete and Concrete-Filled Columns in Fire. Proc Concrete Communication Symposium, Sheffield
- Implications of transient thermal strain for the buckling of slender concrete-filled columns in fire. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Steel and Composite Structures, ICSCS07 - Steel and Composite Structures (pp 639-645)
- REUSED TYRE POLYMER FIBRE FOR FIRE-SPALLING MITIGATION. Applications of Structural Fire Engineering
- THE MECHANICS OF TENSILE MEMBRANE ACTION IN COMPOSITE SLABS AT HIGH TEMPERATURES. Applications of Structural Fire Engineering
- View this article in WRRO Ductile connections to improve structural robustness in fire. Proceedings of the 6th Applications of Structural Fire Engineering Conference (ASFE'19). Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, 13 June 2019 - 14 June 2019.
- Research group
Steel & Composite Structures
- Professional activities and memberships
- Member of RILEM Technical Committee 256-SPF: Spalling of concrete due to fire: testing and modelling
- Principal investigator (PI) of research project “FIRECRACKER - Reuse of Waste Polymer Fibres for Crack-Resistant and Fire-Spalling-Proof Sustainable Concrete” (funded by Horizon 2020, £185,798)
- Co-investigator of research project “Smoke Control and Structural Resilience of Tunnels in Fire” (funded by The Royal Society, £34,442)
- UoS PI of research project “Re-Use of Waste Tyre Fibres in Concrete Construction” (funded by Innovate UK, £544,186)
- PI of research project “Sustainable Fire-Spalling-Resistant Concrete” (funded by EPSRC, £124,760)
- PI of research project “IGNIS - Reuse of Tyre Fibres for Fire-Spalling-Proof Concrete” (funded by Horizon 2020, £158,323)
- PI of research project “Performance-Based Structural Fire Engineering & Robustness of Structures subject to Multiple Hazards” (funded by Chinese Government, £77,881)
- Fellow of The Higher Education Academy
- PhD opportunities
Sustainable Concrete In Fire
The development of waste-based concrete is urgently needed to improve the sustainability of concrete construction, as well as to reduce waste. The fire performance of such new sustainable concretes is worth investigating. One example is our recent research on the use of recycled tyre fibres to mitigate the explosive fire spalling of concrete. However, the scope of the research on sustainable concrete in fire is much wider. If you are interested in this area, please get in touch to discuss the details.
Cold-formed Steel In Fire
Nowadays, light-gauge structures, made of cold-formed steel, have become increasingly popular due to factors such as cost and weight economy, sustainability, processes, the growth of powerful methods of analysis, etc. Thin-walled sections are more and more often used as primary members in industrial buildings, warehouses and even in multi-storey residential/office buildings. However, problems arise due to the thinness of the walls and there has been very little research on their behaviour in fire, which is surely worth investigating.
Engineered Timber In Fire
Engineered timber construction is being pioneered as a key alternative to the
environmentally unsustainable dependence of the construction industry on concrete and steel. In recent years, there has been increasing interest in using timber structural elements in larger projects, pushing the limits of the industry’s understanding of its structural response in fire and going beyond the scope of the design guidance currently available. This project aims to look at the performance of engineered-timber and/or steel-timber hybrid systems in fire.
If you're interested in one of these projects, or would like to self-propose a project, please contact Shan-Shan at the above email. Current PhD opportunities in the department can be viewed here.