Isabel Carneiro

Department of Civil and Structural Engineering

Research Student

Full contact details

Isabel Carneiro
Department of Civil and Structural Engineering
Sir Frederick Mappin Building (Broad Lane Building)
Mappin Street
S1 3JD

After graduating in General and Chemical Engineering, Isabel is currently pursuing a PhD in the EPSRC’s Centre for Doctoral Training in Water Infrastructure and Resilience (WIRe CDT), researching biologically stable drinking water in the UK. The project is sponsored by the UK Water Industry Research (UKWIR) and aims to identify the best practices for preventing bacterial growth throughout the distribution system.


MSc General Engineering, Ecole Centrale de Nantes

BSc Chemical Engineering, Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro

Research interests

Research Project: Achieving biologically stable water in the UK

Biologically stable water can be defined as water that does not support bacterial growth. This concept is increasingly considered, however it is poorly quantified or applied.

The UK and Ireland currently rely on the use of chlorine to both disinfect the water at the water treatment works (WTW) and to maintain a disinfectant residual in the network, ensuring microbiological compliance at the customers’ taps. Aesthetics of water (taste, smell, discolouration) are becoming much more important for customers, who are also becoming more environmentally aware and would like to receive water that has fewer (or no) chemicals added, as research has indicated.

This project will develop and validate measures of biostability, seeking to identify the impact of different source water types, WTW processes and network characteristics on biological stability, and to identify best practice for maintaining biological stability throughout distribution.

Research group

Water Engineering