Dr Andrew Liew

Lecturer in Civil and Structural Engineering

Department of Civil and Structural Engineering
Sir Frederick Mappin Building
Mappin Street, Sheffield, S1 3JD

Telephone: +44 (0) 114 222 5705
Fax: +44 (0) 114 222 5700

Room: F111d



My research utilises computational methods and digital fabrication to enhance the efficiency
of building construction, to use less natural resources and improve sustainability.

Dr Andrew Liew


Andrew studied his undergraduate Masters degree in Civil Engineering at Imperial College, London, specialising in structural design and analysis, and computational methods.  He then started his career with Arup in the Buildings Engineering Group in London, working on projects including the redevelopment of King’s Cross railway station in London and the structural design of York University metro station in Toronto, Canada. His work focussed on the engineering of structural elements using
reinforced concrete, steel and masonry.

Andrew returned to Imperial College to complete his PhD studies in the ‘Design of structural steel elements with the Continuous Strength Method (CSM)’, which extended the CSM using analytical and numerical methods to calculate the strength and deformations of various steel cross-section shapes and members. This research aims at more effectively using material strength in construction design to move towards material savings of 10-30%. Some of the developed resistance equations are
used in the American Institute of Steel Construction’s design guide for stainless steel, and feature in the UK Non-Contradictory Complementary Information (NCCI) for Eurocode 3: Part 1.4.

Andrew moved to a post-doctoral position at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich to assist with grant proposals, technical supervision of PhD/Masters students, and the design, analysis and testing of small and large scale prototypes related to digital fabrication. He also worked on the development of the research group's finite element analysis, numerical methods, form- finding algorithms and visualisation packages through COMPAS, an open-source computational framework used by the architectural and structural disciplines.

Andrew joined us in June 2019 and his research interests focus on computational methods: Python/C++/GPU programming, open-source code platforms, computer aided design, form-finding, numerical algorithms, scientific visualisation, graphical user interfaces, optimisation methods, machine learning and high-performance computing. By using analytical and numerical methods, he hopes to improve the efficiency of structural design and analysis, and to interface with digital fabrication technologies (such as additive/subtractive manufacturing, new building geometries, and the use of robotics), and help make our industry’s construction and fabrication methods more sustainable. Andrew will use the state-of-the-art facilities at ICAIR and work closely with industry to pass on these influences.

Selected Publications

Journal articles

Conference proceedings papers

  • Popescu M, Calvo Barentin C, Reiter L, Rippmann M, Liew A, Van Mele T, Flatt R & Block P (2018) Prototype of a thin, vaulted concrete floor using a knitted, stay-in-place formwork. Proceeding of the 1st International Conference on Concrete and Digital Fabrication, Zurich RIS download Bibtex download
  • Méndez T, Pigram D, Liew A, Van Mele T & Block P (2018) Full-scale prototype of a cable-net and fabric formed concrete thin-shell roof. IASS 2019 Proceedings RIS download Bibtex download
  • Wachter M, Liew A, Van Mele T & Block P (2016) Non-prismatic bending and torsion beam elements for form finding by dynamic relaxation. Proceedings of IASS Annual Symposia, Vol. 2016(16) (pp 1-10) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Buchanan C, Gardner L & Liew A (2015) The continuous strength method for circular hollow sections. Tubular Structures - Proceedings of the 15th International Symposium on Tubular Structures, ISTS 2015 (pp 621-628) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Liew A, Boissonnade N, Gardner L & Nseir J (2014) Experimental study of hot-rolled rectangular hollow sections. Structural Stability Research Council Annual Stability Conference 2014, SSRC 2014 (pp 33-51) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Theofanous M, Liew A & Gardner L (2012) Ultimate capacity of stainless steel RHS subjected to combined compression and bending. Tubular Structures XIV - Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Tubular Structures, ISTS 2012 (pp 423-430) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Wang F, Liew A & Gardner L (2011) Exploiting strain hardening in structural steel design. Proceedings of Seventh International Conference on Advances in Steel Structures RIS download Bibtex download

Software / Code

  • Liew A & Mendez T compas_fea: A finite element analysis package for Python. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Van Mele T, Liew A, Mendez T & Rippmann M COMPAS: A framework for computational research in architecture and structures. RIS download Bibtex download

Theses / Dissertations

  • Liew A (2014) Design of structural steel elements with the Continuous Strength Method. RIS download Bibtex download