Structural Engineering & Materials Discipline

Resource efficiency, Sustainability and Resilience are the main drivers of our research in this discipline.

steel structures
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Projects | Facilities | People

Leveraging the complimentary expertise of our team in the key areas of materials, structural engineering and computational mechanics we develop a fundamental understanding of the behaviour of components and structures, so that they can be tailored and adapted to meet the demands of an ever-changing society by taking advantage of novel materials and innovative manufacturing techniques.

Research Groups

Our research activities cover all aspects of structural engineering including: traditional and innovative construction materials; rehabilitation solutions and novel structural systems; resilient buildings and infrastructure under extreme load events such as earthquakes, blast and impact and fire; computational mechanics and building physics; lightweight and sustainable construction; digital manufacturing and robotics.

Concrete Structures
CIV concrete

Our work covers all aspects of concrete, concrete technology and sustainable solutions, Fibre Reinforced Concrete, Fibre Reinforced Polymer strengthening and reinforcements, structural and material testing and characterisation, short and long-term structural behaviour, analysis, innovation, and design.

Group members:
Maurizio GuadagniniIman HajirasoulihaShan-Shan HuangZuhal OzdemirKypros Pilakoutas & Giamoco Torelli

Steel and Composite Structures
CIV steel

Our current research activities are focussed on cold-formed steel structures considering local stability, joint performance and modelling under fire and dynamic loading, additive manufacturing, structural optimisation, performance-based seismic design, tubular structures, performance of steel composite structures in fire, steel and timber hybrid structures, the role of steel structures in building adaptability, and design for deconstruction and reuse of steel structures.

Group members:
Ian BurgessBuick DavisonShan-Shan HuangIman Hajirasouliha & Andrew Liew

Earthquake Engineering
CIV earthquake

Our current research activities cover all aspects of earthquake engineering including seismic hazard and risk assessment, vulnerability assessment, performance-based design, active/semi-active/passive seismic control systems, soil-structure interaction, and development of novel strengthening techniques.

Group members:
Maurizio GuadagniniIman HajirasoulihaZuhal OzdemirKypros Pilakoutas, Elizabeth Bowman & Giamoco Torelli

Computational Mechanics & Design
CMD optimisation

Our research involves computer modelling to develop a deeper understanding of the mechanical behaviour of structures and materials and to facilitate the design of more resource efficient constructions.

Group members:
Harm AskesMatthew GilbertZuhal OzdemirRene deBorstLuca Susmel, Andrew Liew, Colin Smith, Andy Tyas & Danny Smyl

Blast & Impact Engineering
blast research

Our research covers experimental quantification of high explosive blast loading (including buried charges), high strain rate material characterisation (solids and geomaterials), numerical analysis and machine learning for blast in complex environments, structural response calculations, and development of quick running methods.

Group members:
Sam ClarkeSam RigbyAndrew TyasZuhal Ozdemir & Genevieve Langdon

Intelligent Infrastructure
Intel

Research focuses on the development and application of digital design and manufacturing methods and innovative monitoring, sensing and analysis techniques to tackle current and future challenges in the field of constructed infrastructure. The aim is to enhance productivity and sustainability, working in close collaboration with practitioners responsible for the design, construction, operation and maintenance of buildings, bridges and other constructed infrastructure. The Intelligent Infrastructure group is affiliated to the Integrated Civil and Infrastructure Research (ICAIR) Centre, which provides excellent facilities for large-scale testing of concrete, masonry, steel and timber components and structures.

Group members:
Matthew GilbertGiamoco TorelliAndrew Liew & Danny Smyl


Research projects

Our research builds upon a culture of nurturing and addressing industry needs in collaboration with a range of stakeholders to provide innovative solutions to challenging problems.

Research Themes

Our work is focused across five major research themes, which align our interdisciplinary academic strengths to address some of the key scientific, social and environmental challenges of the new millennium.


Facilities and resources

Our engineering activities make use of a variety of innovative facilities and resources.

Blast & Impact


CoBL

Characterisation of Blast Loading (CoBL)

  • Measuring reflected pressures from both free-air and buried explosives.
  • X-shaped array of 17 Hopkinson pressure bars.
  • Able to investigate the effects of confining and mitigating materials on the explosive output.
  • Unique equipment world-wide.

Blast Pad

Blast Pad

  • General purpose explosives arena for near- and far-field testing. 
  • High speed video and zebra wall, for tracking of shock front.
  • Tests up to 1000 grams of high explosive are possible.
  • Measurements of incident and reflected pressures possible, with world-leading levels of repeatability.

Applique

Applique

  • Investigations into the performance of armour systems against buried explosives.
  • Benchmark testing for Dstl on new and novel armour systems.
  • Tests up to 1000 grams of high explosive are possible.
  • Testing done at ½ scale of AEP-55.
  • Stereo high speed video possible for back face DIC.

Pressure pipes

Internal pressure measurement

  • Capable of containing 50 gram high explosive charges. 
  • Measurements of internal pressure currently possible, with rapid temperature measurement systems being currently developed

Large Gas Gun

Large Gas Gun

  • 120 mm smooth bore gun.
  • Capable of launching a 5 kg mass at up to 600 m/s.
  • Containment cell capable of soft capture of projectiles.
  • Protective systems up to ~2 x 2 x 1.5 m can be accomodated.

Fragmentation Cell

Fragmentation Cell

  • Reinforced, buried chamber
  • Capable of internal blasts of up to 500 g of high explosive.
  • Containment cell capable of soft capture of fragments. 
  • High speed video to determine fragment velocity also possible. 
  • Measurements of internal pressure (QSP). 

SHPB Apparatus

SHPB Apparatus

  • Compressive testing of materials in unconfined, fully confined and a unique triaxially confined apparatus.
  • Range of bars available to test materials from foams up to high strength steels.
  • Direct impact, tensile and Taylor testing also possible.

Structural Testing Facilities/Equipment


Digital servo-controller

  • CONTROL CUBE Digital servo-controller
  • SIGNAL CUBE Modular signal conditioning / acquisition system

Servo control actuators

  • ESH 1000kN 100mm stroke tension/compression
  • Losenhausen 250kN 500kN 150mm stroke tension/compression
  • Eland 10kN 600mm stroke 50kN 200mm stroke 130kN 400mm stroke tension/compression

Universal testing machines

  • ESH 1000kN 100mm stroke tension/compression with thermal chamber to 200° C
  • Shimadzu AGS-X 10kN tension/compression
  • Shimadzu AGS-X 300kN tension/compression
  • Amsler 100kN tension/compression 400kN 1000kN 2000kN compression

Strong floor

  • Capacity 1000kN 3m wide by 8m long. Crane 2T access

Strong frame

  • Capacity 500kN frame 6.5m long by 4.5m wide by 4m high. Headroom 5m. Crane 2T access

Material Testing Facilities/Equipment


Universal testing machines:

  • CONTROLS 3000kN compression (suitable for testing cylinders and cubes)
  • CONTROLS Flexural frame (suitable for testing standard prisms 100x100mm and 150x150mm square sections)

X-Ray diffraction:

  • Siemens X-ray diffractometer

X-Ray fluorescence microscopy:

  • Advanced scanning and transmission electron microscopy

Thermal analysis:

  • Differential scanning and thermal calorimetry
  • Graviometric analysis

Environmental Conditioning Facilities/Equipment


Oxygen permeability apparatus:

  • 6 cells for sample sizes 25mm 50mm 100mm 150mm diameter and 50mm thickness

Chloride permeability apparatus:

  • 4 cells for sample size 50mm diameter and 50mm thickness

Porosity measurement apparatus:

  • Vacuum saturation

Intermittent salt spray cabinet:

  • Timer controls switching spray on/off. Purge rate controllable

Cyclic freeze-thaw cabinet:

  • 810 litre cyclic curing cabinet
  • Temperature range -25°/+70°C
  • Temperature Stability ± 0.1°C
  • Humidity control between 10% and 98% ± 1%

Specialized Testing Facilities/Equipment


Multi-axial compression machine for concrete under elevated temperature (MAC2ET)

  • This unique device can deliver three independent principal stresses (up to 400 MPa) on 100mm cubes.
  • The precision of the measurement system enables stresses and strains to be detected to within 0.2 MPa and 10 microstrain respectively.

People

Our dedicated staff that make this research possible.

Academics

Name Research Discipline Title
Burgess, Prof. Ian Steel and Composite Structures Professor of Structural Engineering
Clarke, Dr Sam

Blast & Impact

Senior Lecturer in Geotechnical Engineering
Davison, Prof Buick

Steel & Composite Structures

Deputy Head of Department

Professor of Structural Engineering

Gilbert, Prof. Matthew

Computational Mechanics & Design

Intelligent Infrastructure

Professor of Civil Engineering
Guadagnini, Dr Maurizio

Concrete Structures 

Earthquake Engineering Group

Senior Lecturer
Hajirasouliha, Dr Iman

Earthquake Engineering Group

Steel & Composite Structures

Concrete Structures 

Senior Lecturer in Structural Engineering
Huang, Dr Shan-Shan

Steel & Composite Structures

Concrete Structures 

Senior Lecturer in Structural Engineering
Liew, Dr Andrew

Computational Mechanics & Design

Intelligent Infrastructure

Steel & Composite Structures

Lecturer in Civil and Structural Engineering
Ozdemir, Dr Zuhal

Concrete Structures 

Blast & Impact

Earthquake Engineering Group

Lecturer in Structural Engineering
Pilakoutas, Prof. Kypros

Concrete Structures 

Earthquake Engineering Group

Professor of Construction Innovation
Rigby, Dr Sam Blast & Impact

Senior Lecturer in Blast and Impact Engineering

Smyl, Dr Danny

Computational Mechanics & Design

Intelligent Infrastructure

Blast & Impact

Lecturer
Susmel, Prof. Luca Computational Mechanics & Design Professor of Structural Integrity
Torelli, Giacomo

Computational Mechanics & Design

Intelligent Infrastructure

Earthquake Engineering Group

Lecturer in Civil and Structural Engineering
Tyas, Prof Andrew

Computational Mechanics & Design

Blast & Impact

DSTL/Royal Academy of Engineering Research Chair in Blast Protection Engineering

Our league table rankings

Top 100 in the world and 8th in the UK according to the QS World University rankings by subject (2021).

11th in the UK according to the Times University League Table (2021).

8th in the UK according to the Complete University Guide (2021).

Flagship institutes

The University’s four flagship institutes bring together our key strengths to tackle global issues, turning interdisciplinary and translational research into real-world solutions.