PhD Project 


What Happens to patients who undergo orthognathic surgery?

PhD Student: Ninu R Paul

Supervisors: Professor Sarah R Baker, Dr Keith G Smith and Professor Barry J Gibson

Orthognathic surgery or jaw surgery is an elective surgery to correct severe malocclusion that cannot be treated through orthodontics alone. At the end of approximately 2 years of orthognathic treatment the patient would have a different dental relationship and most often a different facial appearance. The two main reasons why people opt for orthognathic surgery is due to appearance and functional concerns (difficulty in chewing, biting etc.). Alanko and colleagues (2010) also found that individuals who opt for orthognathic surgery experience psychological concerns such as anxiety and depression. But after having gone through the surgery what happens to these individuals? Rather surprisingly there has been little research on the impact of and adaptation of patients after orthognathic surgery. With orthognathic surgery this adaptation required learning to recognize their altered face and also gauging the reaction of others to the change (Cadogan and Bennun, 2011).

Before and after orthognathic surgery

The aim of my study is to detail what happens to patients who undergo orthognathic surgery. For this I have to map the experiences of patients who would undergo and have undergone orthognathic surgery through face to face semi structured interviews using grounded theory.

This project is funded by -University of Sheffield interdisciplinary PhD network entitled ‘Construction of Human perfection’ with Departments of Law, Engineering, English and Dentistry