Entry Requirements for a PhD degree

Applicants should normally possess, or expect to obtain, a masters degree in an appropriate subject (with good passes across modules) and also have an upper second or first class honours degree in an appropriate subject. A strong economics background is essential.

Language requirements

All applicants need to be competent at spoken and written English. Applicants whose first language is not English AND who do not hold a degree from an English-speaking university will need to take an English language test - normally IELTS or TOEFL.

The test scores currently required are:

  • 6.5 in IELTS with at least 6 in each component
  • 90 in the Internet-based TOEFL (iBT)

Please note the UK government has recently issued new guidance on the acceptability of TOEFL as a Secure English Language Test (SELT).

Visit the TOEFL changes webpage for more information.