Dr Adam Whitworth
Department of Geography
Senior Lecturer in Human Geography
+44 114 222 7955
Full contact details
Department of Geography
Geography and Planning Building
Adam is a Senior Lecturer in Human Geography interested in theoretically-informed applied research into the spatial organisation of employment support policy.
He is passionate about teaching and uses a range of interactive teaching approaches to engage students as active learners within lectures and seminars.
Adam is currently on secondment to the Sheffield City Region Combined Authority working with local, regional and national policy partners on the design and implementation of regional employment policy.
He is a graduate of Oxford University (BA Politics, Philosophy and Economics (First Class Honours), where he continued for his Masters (MSc Comparative Social Policy) and PhD.
Prior to joining the department in 2010 he was a Senior Research Fellow at the University of Oxford on projects around the measurement of small area multidimensional deprivation and the statistical evaluation of policies to tackle those deprivations.
High profile government projects during this period included the English Indices of Multiple Deprivation, the Economic Deprivation Index and New Deal for Communities evaluations.
Adam is a mixed methods researcher who has experience of qualitative methods and GIS as well as extensive quantitative and statistical skills with large and complex data.
He has worked on projects funded by a range of different sponsors including the Department for Communities and Local Government, Department for Work and Pensions, ESRC National Centre for Research Methods, South African Department of Social Development, Welsh Government, National Audit Office, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, Sheffield City Region and Gingerbread.
Adam is committed to using research to make impacts beyond the academy. During 2012/13 he was Deputy Director of the Faculty of Social Science's knowledge exchange gateway and led the design of the White Rose Doctoral Training Centre’s ‘Impact’ module for the university’s social science doctoral researchers.
Throughout 2016 and 2017 he has been seconded into national and regional government supporting the design and implementation of effective employment support policy.
Adam is an active member of the UK Social Policy Association. He is a regular reviewer for various journals including the Journal of Social Policy, Social Policy and Society, Urban Studies and Environment and Planning A.
- Research interests
Welfare-to-work reform and the Work Programme; lone parents and welfare reform; social and spatial inequality; conditionality, paternalism and well-being; crime; poverty, deprivation and exclusion; spatial statistics.
Adam's research is theoretically informed empirical analysis which seeks to inform policy and practice around issues of deprivation and inequality both across social groups as well as spatially between (typically small) geographies.
His research falls into four main strands:
- Analysis of UK welfare-to-work reforms, in particular the Coalition’s Work Programme, in terms of the logic and effectiveness of programme design, claimant experiences, impact on employment outcomes and well-being, and the effect of local geographical characteristics on performance.
- Analysis of the logic and impacts of UK welfare reform for lone parents, in particular: their impacts on lone parent employment; the role of local structural factors (eg childcare costs, job availability) in affecting these employment outcomes; the well-being impacts of any conditionality-driven employment transitions; and consideration of the justness, necessity and efficacy of the reforms;
- A second strand of research focuses on inequality and crime. One element examines the relationship between inequality and increased levels of crime, with a particular interest in exploring the potential links between local inequality and crime. A second element focuses instead on analysing the spatial distribution, concentration and persistence of crime at small area level. As part of this work Adam has produced small area estimates of fear of crime at small area (MSOA) level across England;
- Adam remains interested in the measurement and analysis of multidimensional deprivation at small area level. As part of this work he is collaborating with colleagues at the Fondacao Joao Pinheiro in Minas Gerais, Brazil, around the potential for such work in the Brazilian context as well as on broader analyses around issues of deprivation, inequality and street working children;
- Adam is interested broadly in spatial statistical methodologies, in particular geographically weighted regression techniques and different small area estimation methods. He is currently leading an ESRC NCRM network into small area estimation methods which brings together academic and policy colleagues (eg Office for National Statistics, Teagasc) to seek methodological dialogue and advancement in the field. This work has particular policy relevance given ongoing uncertainties over the future of the UK Census.
- Estimating the Uncertainty of a Small Area Estimator Based on a Microsimulation Approach. Sociological Methods and Research.
- Policy geographies revisited. People, Place and Policy, 14(3), 249-261.
- Spatial creaming and parking?: the case of the UK work programme. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy. View this article in WRRO
- Activating spatial inequality: the case of the UK work programme. Journal of Poverty and Social Justice. View this article in WRRO
- Programme form and service user well‐being: Linking theory and evidence. Social Policy & Administration. View this article in WRRO
- Development and evaluation of an optimal composite estimator in spatial microsimulation small area estimation. Geographical Analysis. View this article in WRRO
- European regional welfare attitudes : a sub-national multi-dimensional analysis. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy. View this article in WRRO
- Transforming employment support for individuals with health conditions? : 3Cs to the aid of the work, health and disability green paper. Journal of Poverty and Social Justice, 27(1), 115-130. View this article in WRRO
- Evaluations of small area composite estimators based on the iterative proportional fitting algorithm. Communications in Statistics - Simulation and Computation. View this article in WRRO
- Mainstreaming effective employment support for individuals with health conditions: An analytical framework for the effective design of modified Individual Placement and Support (IPS) models. Social Policy and Society. View this article in WRRO
- The economic case for well-considered investment in health-related employment support: Costs and savings of alternative modified Individual and Placement Support (IPS) models. Disability and Health Journal, 11(4), 568-575. View this article in WRRO
- Adult participation in higher education and the ‘knowledge economy’: a cross-national analysis of patterns of delayed participation in higher education across 15 European countries. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 38(6), 763-781.
- Work Activation Regimes and Well‐being of Unemployed People: Rhetoric, Risk and Reality of Quasi‐Marketization in the UK Work Programme. Social Policy & Administration, 51(5), 796-816. View this article in WRRO
- Rescaling employment support accountability: From negative national neoliberalism to positively integrated city-region ecosystems. Environment and planning. C, Government & policy. View this article in WRRO
- Estimating uncertainty in spatial microsimulation approaches to small area estimation: A new approach to solving an old problem. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 63, 50-57. View this article in WRRO
- Underemployment and Well-being in the UK Before and After the Great Recession. Work, Employment and Society, 31(1), 71-89. View this article in WRRO
- Neoliberal paternalism and paradoxical subjects: Confusion and contradiction in UK activation policy. Critical Social Policy, 36(3), 412-431. View this article in WRRO
- does campaign contact influence individuals’ vote choices? an alternative approach. European Political Science, 14(3), 279-297. View this article in WRRO
- Creaming and Parking in Quasi-Marketised Welfare-to-Work Schemes: Designed Out Of or Designed In to the UK Work Programme. Journal of Social Policy, 44(2), 277-296. View this article in WRRO
- Support for All in the UK Work Programme? Differential Payments, Same Old Problem. SOCIAL POLICY & ADMINISTRATION, 48(2), 221-239. View this article in WRRO
- Welfare-to-Work Reform, Power and Inequality: From Governance to Governmentalities. Journal of Contemporary European Studies, 22(2), 104-117. View this article in WRRO
- The UK Census: necessity or luxury for social and spatial understanding?. GEOGRAPHY, 99, 75-82.
- Lone parents and welfare-to-work conditionality: necessary, just effective?. Ethics and Social Welfare, 2(7), 124-140. View this article in WRRO
- Local inequality and crime: exploring how variation in the scale of the inequality measures affects relationships betweeen inequality and crime. Urban Studies: an international journal for research in urban studies. View this article in WRRO
- Tackling child poverty in South Africa: Implications of ubuntu for the system of social grants. Development Southern Africa, 30(1), 121-134. View this article in WRRO
- Lone parents and welfare-to-work in England: A spatial analysis of outcomes and drivers. Social Policy and Administration: an international journal of policy and research. View this article in WRRO
- Inequality and crime across England: a multilevel modelling approach. Social Policy and Society, 1(14), 48-68. View this article in WRRO
- Sustaining evidence-based policing in an era of cuts: Estimating fear of crime at small area level in England. Crime Prevention and Community Safety, 14(1), 48-68. View this article in WRRO
- Geographical displacement or diffusion of benefit around area based interventions? Evidence from the New Deal for Communities. People, Place and Policy Online, 3(4), 76-88. View this article in WRRO
- A safety net without holes: an argument for a comprehensive income security system for South Africa. Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, 2(9), 247-263.
- Equality in Higher Education in Spain and the UK: Mismatch between Rhetoric and Policy?. Higher Education Quarterly, 60(2), 167-186.
- Welfare Geography, International Encyclopedia of Human Geography (pp. 253-257). Elsevier
- Support for All in the UK Work Programme? Differential Payments, Same Old Problem, Contracting-out Welfare Services (pp. 109-128). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
- Social Welfare and the Ethics of Austerity in Europe: Justice, Ideology and Equality. Journal of Contemporary European Studies, 22(2), 99-103.
- Research group
Adam currently supervises the following doctoral research students and would be interested to hear from potential students across his key research interests:
- Abigail Taylor: 'A comparison of child poverty between Lille and Sheffield' (co-supervised with Professor Jan Windebank, Department of French)
- Elle Carter: 'The geography of welfare to work policy - patterns of work and well-being in the UK' (ESRC Advanced Quantitative Methods funding - co-supervised with Dr Dan Vickers, Department of Geography)
- Rebecca Holloway: ‘Understanding 16-17 year old student progression and retention across Sheffield’ (ESRC Collaborative PhD with Sheffield City Council – co-supervised with Prof Jeremy Higham, University of Leeds)
- 2018-2021 Employment Provider £11,195, PI, Data and evaluation strategy for a health-led employment retention intervention
- 2017-2018, Sheffield City Region LEP, C£40,000, PI, Designing SCR Devolution Deal welfare-to-work policies
- 2017-2018, ESRC IAA, £16,000, PI, Establishing and leading a national network of city-region employment policy makers
- 2016-2017, Sheffield City Region LEP, £37,243, PI, Designing SCR Devolution Deal welfare-to-wrok policies
- 2016, Sheffield City-Region LEP, £20,967, PI, Developing an integrated employment support model in the Sheffield City-Region
- 2016-2019, ESRC NCRM, £171,000, Co-I, Innovations in small area estimation methodologies
- 2015-16, IIKE Industrial Research Sabbatical, £15,087, PI, Spatializing active labour market policies (with the Department for Work and Pensions)
- 2015, Sheffield City Council £750, Consultancy, Effective data processing in Stata
- 2015, Faculty of Social Sciences, £1000, PI, Developing an online interactive tool to support students' statistical understanding
- 2015, Welsh Government, £24,800, PI, National Survey for Wales and Welsh Health Survey: Small area estimation
- 2013-14, Welsh Government, £14,500, PI, Understanding digital exclusion in Wales
- 2013-14, Welsh Government, £17,710, PI, Small area estimation using the National Survey for Wales
- 2013-14, Sheffield City Council, £1,500, Consultancy, Statistical analysis using Stata short courses
- 2013, Minas Gerais state government, Brazil, £3,000, PI, Travel award to develop collaborations in research and teaching
- 2013,ESRC WRDTC, £60,000 ,PI, Collaborative PhD award with Sheffield City Council and Prof Jeremy Higham (Leeds) exploring educational progression and drop-out in Sheffield
- 2012-13, ESRC NCRM, £24,000, PI, Expert network on evaluating and improving small area estimation methodologies
- 2012-13, Gingerbread single parent organisation, £6,500 Consultancy Single parents’ experiences of employment support in Jobcentre Plus and Work Programme
- 2012, Sheffield City Council, £750,Consultancy, Statistical analysis using Stata short courses
- 2012, ESRC WRDTC, £20,000, PI, Teaching buy out to develop and convene WRDTC Advanced Training module on ‘Impact’
- 2011, Public Services Academy, Univ of Sheffield, £3,000 PI, Travel award to develop collaborations in research and teaching with Fondacao Joao Pinheiro, Minas Gerais, Brazil
- Teaching activities
Adam teaches on a range of undergraduate modules around political and economic geographies as well as research design and statistical methods.
He is keen to engage students in lectures with questions, discussions and examples from his own research so as to support students to be critically aware and empirically informed in thinking through the often simplified debates about the ongoing changes in the world as well as to see the role and relevance of research to policy and people.
In his teaching of statistics and quantitative methods Adam uses clear examples, simple explanations and applied research examples to show both how useful numbers can be and that it's not nearly as hard as students might at first imagine!
Adam was one of three nominees for the Best Practice in Feedback award at the 2011 Sheffield Students' Union Academic Awards. These are awards run, nominated and given by students in recognition that good teaching has an enormous positive impact on student's learning experience.
Adam's input on undergraduate courses includes:
- GEO231 Socio-Spatial Analysis
- GEO243 Political Geographies
All staff also engage in personal supervision and tutoring of individual students at all three levels in the following modules:
- GEO163 (Information & Communication Skills for Geographers)
- GEO263 or GEO264 (Research Design in Human or Physical Geography)
- GEO356 (Geographical Research Project)
At Masters level Adam teaches on the Social and Spatial Inequalities course and is involved in modules on Global Inequalities, Urban Inequalities, Core Quantitative Methods and Advanced Quantitative methods.
These seminars are a relaxed, open environment for critically informed discussion where students are encouraged to question and deepen their understanding of the issues and evidence.
Wherever appropriate Adam is keen to contextualise his teaching with his own research activities, whether in relation to social policy in post-Apartheid South Africa or statistical methods for policy evaluation or the practical measurement of deprivation and inequality.
Adam's specialist teaching on Masters courses includes:
- GEO6017 Urban and Regional Inequalities
- GEO6019 Global Inequality
- GEO6024 Quantitative Methods for SASI I
- GEO6025 Advanced Quantitative Methods (Quantitative Methods for SASI II)
Adam is also responsible for the creation of the Doctoral Training Centre's 'Impact' module aimed as a training module for first year PhD students which will begin in the 2012/13 academic year.