Religious Exemption and the State 400 – 1300, Sheffield 14th to 16th April 2016

About the conference

Throughout history, religious groups across the world have claimed exemption from their rulers’ demands, with a considerable degree of success. Such exemptions were prevalent in the pre-modern world, from Buddhist monks’ accumulation of tax-free lands to Latin clerics’ assertion of ‘benefit of clergy’ and Islamic charitable waqf. Although the particular forms of exemption varied according to religious practices and the nature of the political systems in which they operated, a common set of core similarities is apparent.

A full appreciation of these exemptions’ significance in the pre-modern world however been impeded, on the one hand by their embedding in traditional narratives such as the rise of the modern (Western) state, to which they are often represented as obstacles, and on the other by the conceptual difficulties posed by the categories at the historian’s disposal, such as ‘religion’, ‘secular’, and indeed ‘state’, when applied to the pre-modern period.\

This conference, supported by the AHRC, seeks to engage with these problems ascontribution to developing a comparative global historical understanding of religious exemption from state demands in the pre-modern world. The conference, held at the Department of History in Sheffield from Thursday evening  (14th April 2016) through to Saturday morning (16th April 2016), will address three key questions. Firstly, how common were these exemptions on a global scale, and what kind of commonalities did they share? Secondly, what kind of structural role did these exemptions play: did they weaken the states that conceded them, or did they rather – as some recent research has suggested – strengthen them, whether by providing legitimacy or by supporting the informal networks underpinning the formal exercise of power? Thirdly, how should the demarcation they created best be conceptualised in an age thought not to have been structured by the modern secular/religious distinction?

Programme

A keynote public lecture will be given by Professor R.I. Moore at 5pm on Thursday 14th April: "Treasures in Heaven: Defining the Eurasian Old Regime?"
The draft programme is available here

Abstracts

(click on the link to view a PDF of the abstract)

Dominic Goodall and Andrew Wareham, Gifts of Power

Judith Green, From Symbiosis to Separate Spheres

Thomas Kohl, Forging immunities – religious exemption, justice, and territories in eleventh century in the medieval West

Rutger Kramer, The Exemption that Proves the Rule Alcuin, Theodulf and Charlemagne in Conflict (802)

Antonello Palumbo, Exemption not granted: the confrontation between Buddhism and the Chinese state in Late Antiquity and the ‘First Great Divergence’ between China and Western Eurasia

Mario Poceski, The Sociopolitical Positioning of the Buddhist Sangha vs the Imperial State in Medieval China

Kriston Rennie, Monastic Exemption: The Long Road to Protection 

Uriel Simonsohn, Conversion, Manipulation, and Legal Exemption: A Few Case Studies from the Early Islamic Period

Further information
For more details, please contact Charles West