Dr Daniel Lee
BA (Sussex), M.St, D.Phil (Oxon)
Vice Chancellor's Fellow in History
The history of modern France and the French Empire; especially in the Second World War
+44 (0)114 22 22611 | Jessop West 1.05
Semester One 2018/19 Office Hours: Tuesdays 15:00-16:00
I joined the history department in September 2015. I was an undergraduate at Sussex in History and French and completed an M.St and a DPhil in History at St Hugh’s College, Oxford. I have held postdoctoral fellowships at the European University Institute (Max Weber Fellow), Yad Vashem and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Before moving to Sheffield I was a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow at Brasenose College, Oxford.
My first book, Pétain’s Jewish Children: French Jewish Youth and the Vichy Regime, 1940–42 explored the coexistence between young French Jews and the Vichy regime. My new research examines the experiences of Tunisian Jews first under Vichy and then under the Nazi occupation.
My research interests are in modern French and modern Jewish history. My first book, Pétain’s Jewish Children: French Jewish Youth and the Vichy Regime, 1940–42 explored the coexistence between young French Jews and the Vichy regime. My research reveals significant exceptions to Vichy’s antisemitic policies, in which the regime’s desire for a reinvigorated youth and the rebirth of the nation, took precedence over its racial laws.
My new research on the experience of Tunisian Jews during the Second World War provides a fascinating microcosm that may be used to analyse Vichy’s colonial and racial ambitions. I seek to explore how antisemitic legislation designed in French North Africa came to affect Jews in Metropolitan France. I also examine the experiences of Tunisian Jewish women. Although all of Tunisia’s 80,000 Jews were subject to Vichy and Nazi discrimination irrespective of their sex, women's experiences emerge as markedly different from those of men.
I welcome applications from candidates working in the history of modern France and the French Empire; Jewish history; the Second World War.
Pétain's Jewish Children: French Jewish Youth and the Vichy Regime, 1940-1942 (Oxford University Press, 2014)
Pétain's Jewish Children examines the nature of the relationship between the Vichy regime and its Jewish citizens in the period 1940 to 1942. Previous studies have generally viewed the experiences of French Jewry during the Second World War through the lenses of persecution, resistance, or rescue; an approach which has had the unintended effect of stripping Jewish actors of their agency.
'The Chantiers de la Jeunesse, General de la Porte du Theil and the Myth of the Rescue of Jews in Vichy France', French Historical Studies, Volume 38, Number 1, February 2015, 139–170
HST2xx: Cooperation, Confrontation and Controversy: Jews and Muslims in France and North Africa, 1830 to the Present, HST2xx (Second Year module)
This course traces the complex history of Jews and Muslims in colonial North Africa through to their later immigration and attempts at integration into French culture and society. It will introduce students to the interactions and connected histories that have existed between Jews and Muslims from the eve of the French conquest in Algeria in 1830 until the present day, and will trace how French institutions transformed these relationships. We will probe why, despite a history of shared linguistic and cultural practices, cooperation between Jews and Muslims broke down and, instead, ‘polarization’ has become the dominant lens used to analyse Jewish-Muslim relations.
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