Photo of Eirini Karamouzi

Dr Eirini Karamouzi

MSc, PhD, (London School of Economics)

Senior Lecturer in Contemporary History

Western Europe since 1945; Cold War in Europe; Modern Greek and Balkan History; democracy and European identity; press and public opinion; European integration; peace movements.

e.karamouzi@sheffield.ac.uk

+44 (0)114 22 22574 | Jessop West 1.09

On Leave 2019-20

Profile

Biography

Eirini joined the History department at the University of Sheffield in September 2014. She holds an MSc on European Politics and Governance and a PhD in International History, both from LSE. She has also held a A.G. Leventis Fellowship at SEESOX, St Anthony's College, Oxford (2014-15), a Max Weber Fellowship at the European University Institute in Florence (2013-14) and a Pinto Postdoctoral fellowship at LSE IDEAS (2011-12). Before moving to Sheffield, Eirini was a Lecturer of European Studies and History at Yale University.

Her first book Greece, the EEC and the Cold War, 1974-1979. The Second Enlargement reveals the rationale behind Europe's decision to accept Greece in its circle and details the dynamics of the accession negotiations in the evolving environment of detente and the rise of the Left in Southern Europe. She is an expert in history of European integration, Cold War, political and social history of Modern Greece, Balkans and peace movements. She has written on issues of Balkan cooperation, EU identity and democratisation, as well as Greece’s foreign policy, civil society, anti-americanism and the development of detente.

Eirini is currently (2019-2021) a Visiting Professor of History at the University of Tampere, Finland acting as co-I for a project at the Academy of Finland (480,000 euros) on ‘Foreign Policy in Alliance or in Non-Alignment? History of the Post-War World Order Through the Eyes of European Non-Hegemonic Powers’. I am also a Visiting Fellow at LSE IDEAS, co-directing a project on Peace and Security that looks at global grassroots activism for peace during the Cold War.

Eirini was Principal Investigator of the two-year project (2016-2018), 'Protest as democratic practice: peace movements in southern Europe, 1975-1990' (Max Batley Fellowship Awards scheme) with Prof Ziemann and Prof Grasso (Politics). Dr Giulia Quaggio was the Postdoctoral fellow of the project.

Eirini was a member of the EU-funded consortium on the Official History of the European Commission, 1986-2000(HISTCOM3) and the online resources and book (open access) were published in 2019. The volume is based largely on hitherto unpublished sources and draws upon the personal testimony of numerous former Commissioners and officials.

Research

Research

My main research interests lie in the Cold War, European Integration and Modern Greece.My monograph Greece, the EEC, and the Cold War, 1974- 1979 (Palgrave Macmillan, 2014) explores the history of the European Economic Community (EEC) in the turbulent decade of the 1970s and especially the Community’s response to the fall of the Greek dictatorship and the country’s application for EEC membership. Drawing on British, French, Irish, American, EEC and Greek archives, the monograph constitutes the first multi-archival study on the second enlargement of the EEC. Thanks to its novel Community-centred approach, my work reveals the ideational and geopolitical rationale behind the Nine’s acceptance of the Greek application and details the dynamics of the accession negotiation in the evolving crisis in the whole of Southern Europe.

The book has received extremely positive reviews as an important piece of international history and the Financial Times endorsed its contemporary relevance, as ‘a scholarly and readable history of how Greece joined the EU, providing a fascinating and valuable context of today’.

I am currently working on a number of projects, one of which is on Protest Movements and Democracy in Southern Europe, 1975-1987’. This project aims to conduct empirical research on anti-nuclear and anti-military peace protests in Greece, Spain and Italy during the late 1970s and 1980s. The anti-nuclear protests activated civil society, renegotiated the parameters of political participation and redefined the understanding of international and domestic security.

I have co-edited a volume on the Balkans in the Cold War that examines the political, economic, strategic, ideological and cultural affairs in the Balkans from the second World War until the end of the Cold War.

I am now finishing up a co-authored monograph on Greece’s multidimensional foreign policy in the 1980s based on newly release archives from the Andreas Papandreou Foundation, and a combination of French, British, American and EU documents. I am also working on issue of anti-Americanism past and present with Dr Lamprini Rori (University of Exeter)

Research Supervision

Current students:

  • Carla Gutierrez-Ramos - Labour and Nation. Welfare, Sub-State Nationalism and Labour Unionism in Galicia and Scotland.

All current students by supervisor | PhD study in History

Research Supervision

Co-Supervisor: Carla Carla Gutierrez Ramos, Labour and Nation. Welfare, Sub-State Nationalism and Labour Unionism in Galicia and Scotland.

Publications

Monographs

The Balkans in the Cold War (Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan: 2016)

The Balkans in the Cold War book coverThe Balkans in the Cold War (Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan: 2016) co-edited with Svetozar Rajak, Konstantina Botsiou & Evanthis Hatzivassiliou

Positioned on the fault line between two competing Cold War ideological and military alliances, and entangled in ethnic, cultural and religious diversity, the Balkan region offers a particularly interesting case for the study of the global Cold War system. This book explores the origins, unfolding and impact of the Cold War on the Balkans on the one hand, and the importance of regional realities and pressures on the other.  Fifteen contributors from history, international relations, and political science address a series of complex issues rarely covered in one volume, namely the Balkans and the creation of the Cold War order; Military alliances and the Balkans; uneasy relations with the Superpowers; Balkan dilemmas in the 1970s and 1980s and the 'significant other' – the EEC; and identity, culture and ideology. The book’s particular contribution to the scholarship of the Cold War is that it draws on extensive multi-archival research of both regional and American, ex-Soviet and Western European archives.

Greece, the EEC and the Cold War, 1974-1979. The Second Enlargement (Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan: 2014)

Karamouzi Greece book coverGreece, the EEC and the Cold War, 1974-1979. The Second Enlargement (Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan: 2014)

Greece, the EEC and the Cold War, 1974-1979 explores the history of the European Economic Community (EEC) in the turbulent decade of the 1970s and especially the Community's response to the fall of the Greek dictatorship and the country's application for EEC membership. The thesis constitutes the first multi-archival study on the second enlargement of the EEC, drawing in fact on British, French, German, Irish, American, EEC and Greek archives. Thanks to its novel Community-centred approach, Eirini Karamouzi's work reveals the rationale behind the Nine's acceptance of the Greek application and details the dynamics of the accession negotiations in the evolving environment of detente and the rise of the Left in Southern Europe.

Books

(translated also in Greek: Τα Βαλκάνια στον Ψυχρό Πόλεμο (Athens, 2019)
Greece’s foreign policy in the 1980s (Papadopoulos: Athens, forthcoming 2020) (co-author Dionysis Chourchoulis) [in Greek]

Balkans in the Cold War (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017), eds. with Svetozar Rajak, Konstantina Botsiou, Evanthis Hatzivassiliou.

Greece, the EEC and the Cold War, 1974-1979. The Second Enlargement (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014)

Catalogue

Fighting for Peace: Greece-Italy-Spain in the 1980s (Athens, 2018)

Book Chapters

‘Taking a Stance: The European Community and the Greek junta’, in Klapsis, Antonis et al (eds.), Revisiting the Greek Colonels: A Case Study of Southern European Dictatorships- the International Dimension (Routledge, 2020).

‘At last, our voice is heard in the world’. Andreas Papandreou, Greece and the Six Nation Initiative during the Euromissile crisis’, in Crump, Laurien and Erlandsson, Susanna (eds.), Margins for Manoeuvre in Cold War Europe: The influence of Smaller Powers (Routledge, 2019), 224-240.

‘Enlargement as External Policy’, in Krotz, U, Patel, K., Romero, F (eds.), Europe’s Cold War Relations. The EC towards a Global Rule (Bloomsbury, 2019)

‘Enlargement and the EC’s evolving democratic identity, 1962-1978’, in Ikonomou, Haakon A., Andry, Aurélie and Byberg, Rebekka (eds.), European Enlargement across Rounds and beyond Borders (London: Routledge, 2017), 143-165.

“The only game in town? EEC, Southern Europe and the Greek crisis of the 1970s’, in Rajak, S., Karamouzi, E., Botsiou, K. & Hatzivassiliou, E (eds.), Balkans in the Cold War (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017), 221-239.

‘Telling the whole story: America, EEC and Greece in the 1970s’, in Varsori, A. & Migani, G. (eds.), Europe in the International Arena during the 1970s: Entering a different world (Brussels: Peter Lang, 2011), 355-374.

‘Enlargement and Identity Formation: A Reciprocal Relationship’ in Beers, M. & Raflic, J. (eds.): National Cultures and Common Identity (Brussels: Peter Lang, 2010), 255-266.

Journal Articles

‘‘Peacemaker or Troublemaker? Andreas Papandreou, the Euromissile crisis and the policy of peace, 1981-1986’, Cold War History 19:1 (2019), 39-61 (co-author Dionysios Chourchoulis)

Enlargement and the Historical Origins of the European Community’s Democratic Identity, 1961–1978’, Contemporary European History 25:3 (August 2016), 439-458 (co-author Emma de Angelis)

A Strategy for Greece: Democratisation and European Integration, 1974-1975’,Cahiers de la Méditerranée 90 (June 2015), 11-25.

Managing the ‘Helsinki Spirit’ in the Balkans: Greece’s Initiative for Balkan Cooperation, 1975-1976’, Diplomacy & Statecraft, 24:4 (2013), 597-618

Teaching material

‘What is interesting about the Cold War’, in Reinisch, Jessica and Brydan, David (eds.), Exploring and Teaching Twentieth-Century History (Historical Association, 2019)

Other Publications

‘Alas, Poor Europe’, History & Policy policy paper, 26 March 2017 (with Luc-Andre Brunet)

‘The Greek paradox’, in Brunet, L. (ed.), The Crisis of EU Enlargement, LSE IDEAS Special Report, 23 November 2013

A Strategy for Southern Europe (co-edited with Effie Pedaliu & Emma de Angelis), LSE IDEAS Special Report, 14 October 2013

‘How to change the Debate on Global Europe?’ Dahrendorf Working Paper, February 2011

‘Can Greece meet the Challenge?’ IDEAS Today, vol. 4, July 2010

Teaching

 Module Leader

HST112: Paths from Antiquity to Modernity

Taking you from the height of the Roman Empire to the Fall of the Berlin Wall, this module is an introduction to the dominant narrative of History, from a European perspective (though the module ventures widely beyond Europe when appropriate). Each lecture looks at a particular historical 'turning point', while the weekly seminar takes a more thematic approach, tackling historical notions such as revolutions, progress, globalisation and renaissance. By the end of the module, you'll have a sense of the broad sweep of History, fascinating in itself but particularly useful for single and dual honours students as preparation for more detailed study at Levels II and III. You will also have an appreciation of the importance of periodisation (how historians divide up time), and the problematic concept of modernity. This module is explicitly intended to aid with the transition to the study of History at University.

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HST117: The Making of the Twentieth Century

This course looks back at key developments in the political, social and cultural history of the twentieth century. Its aim is to broaden students' views of twentieth-century history by highlighting the ways in which barbarism and civilising forces went hand in hand in forging twentieth-century history. Rather than proceeding purely chronologically, this module focuses on a series of key themes that have shaped twentieth-century history, such as, for example, globalisation and fragmentation; revolutions; the political, social and cultural history of war; and democracy and mass politics. Each topic is introduced by a series of four lectures given by a subject specialist. An accompanying seminar programme allows for the in-depth discussion of specific issues and case studies.

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HST287: From World War to Cold War: Europe 1945-1968

This module examines the changing patterns of politics, society and culture in Europe from the end of the Second World War to the student protests of 1968, introducing students to the study of the contemporary period as well as providing an overview of European history in this crucial period. We will examine the similarities and differences between political, social and cultural developments in different nations in the post-war world, examining how life in these societies came to be framed by the memory of the Second World War as well as by the realities of the Cold War. The module looks at the establishment of peace in Europe and how this came to be defined by affluence, at least in the west. We will also examine the changing nature of politics and society during the 1950s and 60s, culminating in pivotal year, 1968.

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HST3144/HST3145: Ending the Cold War in Europe, 1973-1991

The end of the Cold War has generated voluminous academic literature within the ever expanding and multifaceted historical research on the study of the Cold War era. Whether or not one sees it as the result of US pressure, Soviet economic decline, Gorbachev’s new thinking, the end of the Cold War still captures the academic and public interest. Based upon a wealthy variety of primary sources recently released and for its most part digitalized and/or published, this course will explore why and how in the second half of the 1980s the apparently secure world transformed itself into the sudden, rapid and relatively peaceful breakdown of Eastern European communism, then German unification and ultimately the end of the USSR and its empire.. Ultimately, the course asks the students to consider the meaning and significance of the end of the Cold War for world history. Was 1989-91 an epochal moment? Did it represent a triumph for the West, for liberal capitalism, or for democracy? The course also explores the possibilities and difficulties of writing about very recent events: can we think historically about processes and developments, which are still ongoing? The discussion in each seminar will draw on a combination of primary and secondary material.

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HST6062: Cold War Histories

What is Cold War? How many of the post-war conflicts and tensions did it encompass? Should we approach it as a global conflict, a bipolar rivalry, a struggle for Europe and the Third World? Conceptualizations of the Cold War and historical investigations of its dynamics have substantially changed over time. How is the Cold War understood in an expanding and diversifying historiographical field? New critical approaches question its nature, scope, reach and implications. Conceptual precision and specificity seem to be giving way to a wider understanding of the Cold War as an era that encompassed different and at the same time interconnected conflicts and transformations. Today we study it not so much as an ideological and security issue but rather as a crossroad of cultural, transnational, local and global perspectives. As a result, its definition has grown more elusive and contested while historical research has become increasingly multifaceted.

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IPA101: ThinkCreate

ThinkCreate is a core compulsory module for all Level 1 students. It gives first-year Arts and Humanities students the opportunity to engage with questions and problems that are of relevance to their own disciplines of study and the world around us.

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Public Engagement

Public Engagement

I am involved in a project on Southern Europe and the Cold War at LSE IDEAS. I co-edited a report on A strategy for Southern Europe and have contributed to History Matters blog.

Along with Dr Sarah Miller-Davenport and colleagues from the English department we ran the Cultures of the Cold War network. Each year we host a distinguished visiting speaker series: Rethinking the Cold War in cooperation with LSE IDEAS.

This exciting new initiative is a collaboration between the Cold War Studies Project at LSE IDEAS and the Cold War Cultures network at the University of Sheffield, two leading centres in the UK for the study of the Cold War. This lecture series will bring prominent academics to present their latest research on the Cold War at both universities. Drawing on a range of approaches, including political, social, cultural, and social aspects of the Cold War, this initiative aims to deepen our understanding of the Cold War and to foster fruitful intellectual exchange both within the UK and internationally.

In November 2019, I curated an exhibition ‘Fighting for Peace: Greece-Spain-Italy’ at the Hellenic Parliament Foundation that ran for a year. It was accompanied by the publication of a bilingual catalogue, a series of educational programs for schools with more than 3000 students attending, and a series of events with universities across the country.

AFISA_33x48The exhibition was inaugurated with the President of the Hellenic Parliament.

And here is a tour of the exhibition.

In The Media

I have provided expert comment to Bloomberg, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post, and talked about Greece and Europe to BBC radio 5, BBC Sheffield and Monocle.

Contributing to Kathimerini on historical issues pertaining to Greece, the Balkans and the EU.

I wrote a piece for Royal Historical Society: Greece's European Identity in Crisis?

Please find two talks on Greece and Europe at London School of Economics and Political Science:

 

Greece and EEC membership: Was it a mistake?, Oxford University:

Administrative Duties

Administrative Duties

Deputy Director of Research

Level 2 Tutor

Member of Postgraduate Committee

Theme Leader, ThinkCreate