Dr Caitlin M. Bentley

BA (McGill, Montreal), MA (Concordia, Montreal), PhD (Royal Holloway)

Information School

Lecturer in AI-enabled Information Systems

Caitlin Bentley
c.m.bentley@sheffield.ac.uk

Full contact details

Dr Caitlin M. Bentley
Information School
Regent Court (IS)
211 Portobello
Sheffield
S1 4DP
Profile

I joined the Information School at Sheffield as a Lecturer in August 2020. Before this, I worked at the 3A Institute, Australian National University from 2018-2020. At the 3A Institute I assisted in the development of a new branch of engineering through curriculum development and teaching of the 3Ai Master of Applied Cybernetics -- a programme to educate a new generation of practitioners to manage AI at scale and make a positive impact.  

Prior to joining the 3A Institute, I worked within the area of information and communications technologies for development (ICT4D) since 2003. With a research career spanning from Canada to the UK, Africa, and the Asia-Pacific region, I have contributed to a number of projects focused on enhancing learning and accountability through ICT, open development, the platform economy and artificial intelligence.

Research interests

My research investigates how AI-enabled cyber-physical systems can be safely, ethically, and sustainably scaled. Specifically, how these systems can be designed, managed and regulated inclusively and governed democratically. I also focus on ICTs in developing contexts as well as the impacts of AI-enabled cyber-physical systems on marginalised actors. 

My approach draws on critical social theory, cybernetics and systems theory as well as multi-disciplinary mash-ups, as I tend to work collaboratively with others from diverse fields and cultures. I favour participatory and action research, with a view to making a positive impact in the world.  

My research has examined:

  • Feminist design principles for smart city policy and practice in the Asia-Pacific, focusing specifically on AI for social good applications. 
  • Constructivist learning environments for cyber-physical systems analysis and intervention education.
  • The impact of the platform economy on small tourism providers in Indonesia.
  • Critical perspectives and cross-cutting theoretical frameworks for open development.
  • Technology for organisational learning and accountability in the context of complex international development aid relationships between bilateral donors and civil society organisations. 

I am interested in supervising PhD projects that take an active stance to influence how cyber-physical systems have social impacts. By cyber-physical systems I refer to sensors, AI, machine learning algorithms, actuators and other advanced technologies built physical infrastructure, as well as AI-enabled systems that undertake advanced data analytics, feeding into predictions and automated decision making that are enacted through actuators or other system structures. This includes, but is not limited to, issues around:

  • Participatory design and governance of AI
  • AI for social good
  • AI-enabled systems in urban and smart city contexts
  • Responsible, gender equitable, trustworthy, or ethical AI in context and across cultures
  • Impacts of cyber-physical systems on marginalised populations
  • Novel critical approaches to cybernetics and systems analysis and intervention in the context of AI-enabled information systems
Publications

Show: Featured publications All publications

Edited books

  • Chib A, Smith ML & Bentley C (Eds.) (2021) Critical Perspectives on Open Development: Empirical Interrogation of Theory Construction. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. RIS download Bibtex download

Journal articles

Chapters

  • Williams ET, Bentley C, Nabavi E, Bell G, Daniell KA, Derwort N, Hatfield Dodds Z, Leins K & McLennan AK (2020) Begin with the human: Designing for safety and trustworthiness in cyber-physical systems In Lawless W, Mittu R & Sofge D (Ed.), Human-Machine Shared Contexts (pp. 341-358). London: Elsevier. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Nabavi E, Daniell KA, Williams ET & Bentley C (2019) AI for sustainability: A changing landscape In Wouters N, Blashki G & Sykes H (Ed.), Artificial Intelligence: For Better or Worse Melbourne: Future Leaders. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Williams ET, Bentley C, Daniell KA, Derwort N, Leins K & Nabavi E (2019) Complexity is not new: how our own technological history can teach us about AI In Wouters N, Blashki G & Sykes H (Ed.), Artificial Intelligence: For Better or Worse Melbourne: Future Leaders. RIS download Bibtex download

Theses / Dissertations

  • Bentley CM (2017) Bilateral Donors and Civil Society Organisations: Technologies for Learning and Accountability. RIS download Bibtex download

Other

  • Bentley C, Ashton K, Martin B, Williams E, O'Brien E, Zafiroglu A & Daniell K (2020) Including women in AI-enabled smart cities: Developing gender-inclusive AI policy and practice in the Asia-Pacific region. RIS download Bibtex download

All publications

Edited books

  • Chib A, Smith ML & Bentley C (Eds.) (2021) Critical Perspectives on Open Development: Empirical Interrogation of Theory Construction. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. RIS download Bibtex download

Journal articles

Chapters

  • Williams ET, Bentley C, Nabavi E, Bell G, Daniell KA, Derwort N, Hatfield Dodds Z, Leins K & McLennan AK (2020) Begin with the human: Designing for safety and trustworthiness in cyber-physical systems In Lawless W, Mittu R & Sofge D (Ed.), Human-Machine Shared Contexts (pp. 341-358). London: Elsevier. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Nabavi E, Daniell KA, Williams ET & Bentley C (2019) AI for sustainability: A changing landscape In Wouters N, Blashki G & Sykes H (Ed.), Artificial Intelligence: For Better or Worse Melbourne: Future Leaders. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Williams ET, Bentley C, Daniell KA, Derwort N, Leins K & Nabavi E (2019) Complexity is not new: how our own technological history can teach us about AI In Wouters N, Blashki G & Sykes H (Ed.), Artificial Intelligence: For Better or Worse Melbourne: Future Leaders. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Bentley C (2018) Erratum to: An Analysis of Accountability Concepts for Open Development, Information and Communication Technologies for Development (pp. E1-E1). Springer International Publishing RIS download Bibtex download
  • Bentley C (2017) An Analysis of Accountability Concepts for Open Development, Information and Communication Technologies for Development (pp. 793-802). Springer International Publishing RIS download Bibtex download
  • Bentley CM (2014) Designing and Implementing Online Collaboration Tools in West Africa, Cyber Behavior (pp. 431-451). IGI Global RIS download Bibtex download
  • Bentley CM () Designing and Implementing Online Collaboration Tools in West Africa, Cases on Web 2.0 in Developing Countries (pp. 33-60). IGI Global RIS download Bibtex download

Theses / Dissertations

  • Bentley CM (2017) Bilateral Donors and Civil Society Organisations: Technologies for Learning and Accountability. RIS download Bibtex download

Other

  • Bentley C, Ashton K, Martin B, Williams E, O'Brien E, Zafiroglu A & Daniell K (2020) Including women in AI-enabled smart cities: Developing gender-inclusive AI policy and practice in the Asia-Pacific region. RIS download Bibtex download
Teaching activities

I am currently contributing to the following modules:

  • Information Systems Modelling
  • Data and Society
  • Project Management
Professional activities
  • Honorary Fellow at the 3A Institute, Australian National University
  • Fellow at the Software Sustainability Institute since 2013
  • Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society
  • Member of the organising committee of ICTD 2010 and 2015
  • Reviewer for the IDRC-SIDA COVID-Artificial Intelligence (COVID-AI) call for proposals
  • Reviewer for various Journals including Information Systems Journal, Kybernetes and Internet Policy