Dr Francesca Strumia

School of Law

Senior Lecturer

+44 114 222 6865

Full contact details

Dr Francesca Strumia
School of Law
Bartolomé House
Winter Street
S3 7ND

I joined the University of Sheffield as a Lecturer in Law in 2014. Prior to that, I was a post-doctoral Research Fellow in Comparative Law at the University of Torino, as well as a practising lawyer.

I studied at the University of Torino and at Harvard Law School and I am a qualified lawyer in Italy and in New York. I have practiced law in the London office of Kirkland & Ellis International LLP and in the Milan office of Cleary Gottlieb Steen & Hamilton LLP.

During my doctoral studies at Harvard Law School, I have taught EU Law as an Adjunct Professor at New England School of Law. As a Fellow at the University of Torino, I have taught Comparative Immigration Law and contributed to launch a Human Rights and Migration Law Clinic.

My research interests lie at the intersection of EU free movement law, citizenship theory and comparative immigration law. In particular, I have developed a theory on European supranational citizenship as mutual recognition of belonging. My most recent writing focuses on the implications of this theory for the European Union approach to immigration from third countries; as well as for the nature and scope of transnational solidarity in the EU. Another strand of my research focuses on the evolution of skilled migration policies in a comparative perspective, with a particular focus on start-up visa and investment citizenship. My key finding to date is that these policies portray a notion of 'talent as output', which sets them apart from traditional skilled migration policies. I have published several articles and two books on these issues, including “Supranational Citizenship and the Challenge of Diversity-Immigrants, Citizens and Member States in the EU” (Martinus Nijhoff, 2013).

These research interests also inspire my current professional activities. These include consultancy work on the compatibility of European nationality laws with EU law; pro bono involvement in asylum cases involving Italian, EU and US law; and advisory to the Italian Ministry of Economic Development on their entrepreneur and investment visa policies.

I am a researcher and teacher by vocation, however I do enjoy bringing my lawyer’s perspective to my research and teaching from time to time, looking for novel angles of inquiry and encouraging my students to put their lawyering skills in practice.

  • SJD, Harvard Law School
  • PhD in Comparative Analysis of Law, Economics, Institutions, University of Torino
  • LLM, Harvard Law School (completed and waived)
  • Laurea in Giurisprudenza, University of Torino
Research interests
  • Citizenship Law and Theory
  • European and Comparative Constitutional Law
  • European and Comparative Migration Law and Policy
  • Comparative Federalism
  • EU Cohesion Policy
  • Skilled and Investment Migration


  • Strumia F (2013) Supranational Citizenship and the Challenge of Diversity-Immigrants, Citizens and Member States in the EU. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Strumia F (2013) La Duplice Metamorfosi della Cittadinanza in Europa. Da Cittadinanza Sedentaria a Cittadinanza Itinerante. Da Cittadinanza Sociale a Cittadinanza Economica.. RIS download Bibtex download

Journal articles


Working papers

  • Strumia F (2016) New-generation Skilled Migration Policies and the Changing Fabric of Membership: Talent as Output and the Headhunting State. Investment Migration Working Papers, 2016/04. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Strumia F (2015) Walking the Blurry Line in EU Immigration: European Citizenship and its Demoicratic Bridge between the Member States’ Power to Exclude and the Third Country Nationals’ Right to Belong. Jean Monnet Working Paper Series, 15/15, 1-36. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Strumia F (2013) Forms of Redistributive Cooperation between Center and Periphery in the US and the EU. Some Comparative Considerations in terms of Welfare Federalism and the Federal Social Contract. CDCT Working Papers, 21, 1-24. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Strumia F (2013) Prospettive per l’Inclusione dei Cittadini di Paesi Terzi nell’Unione Europea. Alcune Tendenze Contrastanti tra Cittadinanza dell’Unione e Cittadinanza Nazionale. IUSE Working Papers-European and Comparative Law Issues, 11, 1-22. RIS download Bibtex download
Research group

Areas of research supervision

  • Citizenship Law and Citizenship Studies
  • Nationality Law and Integration Requirements in EU and Comparative Perspective
  • EU and Comparative Immigration Law
  • EU Free Movement Law
  • Comparative Federalism and EU-US Constitutional Issues

I am a member of the Sheffield Centre for International and European Law (SCIEL)

Title/Description: Awarding Body: People Involved: Dates: Amount:
Jean Monnet Migrant Crisis Network European Commission Dr. Majella Kilkey, Prof. Andrew Geddes, Dr. Francesca Strumia 1 November 2016 - 31 October 2019


Teaching interests

My priority in teaching is providing students not only with legal knowledge, but also with skills to apply such knowledge, and with an understanding of the policy context in which laws are embedded. My teaching method combines lecturing components and activities aimed at drawing students to be active participants in the learning experience, such as, depending on module level and size, debates, group work, simulation of arguments and negotiations.

I am interested in exploring the intersections of legal education and legal practice. I believe in the importance of clinical legal education, which I have seen in action both as a lawyer and as a teacher, and I am interested in developing this experience further. I am a member of the European Network for Clinical Legal Education (ENCLE).

Teaching activities

The modules I teach are:


  • Advanced EU Law (Convenor)
  • Public Law in the UK and the EU


  • EU Migration Law in Comparative Perspective (Convenor)
  • Legal Research Methods - PhD Track (Convenor)
  • EU Law - GDL
Professional activities
  • Talented Young Italians Award from the Italian Chamber of Commerce and Industry for the UK and the Italian Embassy
  • Member of the advisory group to the Italian Ministry of Economic Development on entrepreneur and investment visa policies
  • Italian National Habilitation as Associate Professor, International and European Law, Comparative Law (2014)
  • Referee, European Law Journal, Journal of Common Market Studies
  • Member of the North American Network of European Law Scholars
  • Member of the European Network for Clinical Legal Education
  • CDCT (Centro di Diritto Comparato e Transnazionale) Fellow, University of Torino
  • Attorney and Counselor at Law, State of New York (since 2006)
  • Avvocato, Ordine degli Avvocati di Torino (since 2010)
  • Judge, European Law Moot Court, Regional Finals, Boston (MA) (2009)

Recent invited papers and keynote lectures

  • ‘The Enhanced International Law Paradigm of EU Free Movement of Citizens’, Workshop ‘New Challenges to European Solidarity’, invited paper, University of Cambridge Faculty of Law, March 2017
  • 'Brexiting European Citizenship through the Voice of Others', Guest Lecture, Center for Transnational Legal Studies, King's College, London, September 2016
  • 'Unravelling New Generation Skilled Migration Policies: Talent as Output and the Headhunting State', invited presentation, conference 'Investment Migration: Making Sense of the Trend', Investment Migration Council, Geneva, June 2016
  • ‘Migrazioni e Legislazione Europea', Guest Lecture, Università San Raffaele, Milan, May 2016
  • 'The Language Used in Political Debates about Free Movement and Immigration', invited presentation, Conference ‘The Judicial Deconstruction of Union Citizenship - the Limits of Free Movement and Solidarity in the EU’, University of Konstanz, April 2016
  • 'Skilled Migration Policies as a Tool of Sovereign Revival and Nation State Resilience', convened panel, 'Resilient Europe?', 23rd International Conference of Europeanists, Council for European Studies, Philadelphia, April 2016
  • 'EU Citizenship as a Vehicle of Transnational Solidarity'? invited presentation, Workshop 'Transnational Solidarity: Setting the Boundaries', Center for Transnational Legal Studies, London, April 2016
  • 'Cittadinanza Europea: Profili Evolutivi e Aspetti Critici' (with Elena Fumero), invited presentation, Conference 'Cittadinanza e Forme di Esclusione: Prospettive a Confronto', University of Genova, Genova, February 2016
  • "The Asymmetry of EU Free Movement Rights in Times of Crisis: An Emerging International Paradigm beyond the Market and the Constitutional Ones?" ICON-S 2015 Conference, "Public Law in an Uncertain World", New York, NY (July 2015
  • "Walking a Blurry Line: Third Country Nationals in the EU between Disconnected Inclusion Narratives and European Citizenship's Demoicratic Promise", Invited Lecture, Oxford University Faculty of Law (April 2015
  • "The Inclusion of Third Country Nationals in the European Union - Between National Narratives and Supranational Citizenship’s Demoicratic Promise", Association for the Study of Nationalities Annual World Convention, New York, NY(April 2015)