Photo of Professor Graham Gee

Professor Graham Gee

Position: Professor of Public Law
Telephone: +44 (0)114 222 6869

Academic Profile

I joined Sheffield as professor of public law in September 2015 after seven years at the University of Birmingham. Much of my teaching and research is focused on the changing nature and character of the UK constitution, with some of my most recent research examining changes to the governance, leadership and selection of the judiciary in England and Wales. My work on this has been cited by, amongst others, the Lord Chief Justice, the Chief Justice of Canada, the Ministry of Justice, the Judicial Appointments Commission and the House of Lords Constitution Committee. Before pursuing an academic career, I qualified as a solicitor at Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer in London. In 2016, I sat (at the invitation of the Lord Chancellor) on the panel that recommended candidates for selection as the UK judge on the European Court of Human Rights.


  • LLB (Exeter)
  • LLM (Harvard)
  • MSt (Oxford)

Teaching and Learning

Studying Public Law is great fun, but also hard work. It is great fun because it helps us to make sense of many of the most important political issues of our time (e.g. human rights, devolution and the UK’s membership of the EU). One of the reasons why it is hard work is that it involves questioning many of the assumptions that we tend to make about law and politics (e.g. What exactly is law? What is the proper relationship between law and politics? Do legal and political modes of decision-making differ? Is one superior to the other?). How we understand many of the most important ideas in Public Law—democracy, the rule of law, parliamentary sovereignty—is informed and underpinned by the implicit assumptions that we make about law and politics and, ultimately, judges and politicians. In my classes, I encourage students to reflect on how their assumptions about law, politics, judges and politicians influence their responses to the questions addressed by Public Law, and in particular the question of how the exercise of public power ought to be controlled.

The modules I teach are:

Contemporary Issues in Law and Justice (Convenor)
Public Law in the UK and EU (Convenor)
Advanced Constitutional Law (Convenor)
Legislatures and Legislative Processes (Convenor)

Research Interests

  • Constitutional Law
  • Constitutional Theory
  • Public Law and Political Ideologies (especially Conservatism)
  • Judicial Independence (especially judicial appointments)

Areas of Research Supervision

  • UK Constitutional Law
  • Constitutional Theory
  • Judicial Independence
  • Judicial Appointments

Recent Invited Papers and Keynote Lectures

  • “Is the Political Constitution Deliberative?” University of Oxford (March 2015)
  • “The Independence of the UK Supreme Court: Five Years On”, Seminar on the UK Supreme Court’s 5th Anniversary, UK Supreme Court (October 2014)
  • “Judicial Accountability”, Briefing to the Judicial Executive Board, Royal Courts of Justice (May 2014)
  • “Conservatism, Constitutionalism and Ideologies of Public Law”, Human Rights Centre, University of Durham (March 2014)

Key Projects/Grants

Title/Description: Forty Years On From 'The Political Constitution': Reflections on Law, Politics and Authority
Awarding Body: Modern Law Review Seminar Series
People Involved: Chris McCorkindale (Strathclyde)
Years Funded for: 2016
Amount: £3,498
Title/Description: "Appointing Judges in an Age of Diversity”
Awarding Body: Socio Legal Studies Association
People Involved: Erika Rackley (University of Birmingham)
Years Funded for: 2015
Amount: £2,500
Title/Description: "The Politics of Judicial Independence in the UK’s Changing Constitution”
Awarding Body: AHRC
People Involved: Robert Hazell (UCL), Kate Malleson (Queen Mary)
Years Funded for: 2011-2013
Amount: £110,000

Professional Activities and Recognition

  • Appointed by the Lord Chancellor as the independent member of the panel to select candidates for appointment as the UK judge on the European Court of Human Rights
  • Editor of the Judicial Power Project website (2015+)
  • Advisory Council, Policy Exchange Judicial Power Project (2014+)
  • External Examiner, LSE (2012+) and University of Strathclyde (2015+)
  • Finalist, University of Birmingham Joseph Chamberlain Award for Academic Excellence (2015)
  • Award for Excellence in Teaching, Birmingham Law School (2010)

Key Publications


Journal articles

  • Gee GD (2014) What are Lord Chancellors For?. Public Law: the constitutional and administrative law of the commonwealth, 11-27. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Gee GD (2013) Guarding the Guardians: The Chief Executive of the UK Supreme Court. Public Law: the constitutional and administrative law of the commonwealth, 538-555. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Gee G & Webber G (2013) Rationalism in Public Law. The Modern Law Review, 76(4), 708-734. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Gee G & Webber GCN (2010) What Is a Political Constitution?. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 30(2), 273-299. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Gee GD (2008) The Political Constitutionalism of J.A.G. Griffith. Legal Studies, 28, 20-45. RIS download Bibtex download