Members of the Logistics and Supply Chain Management Research Centre undertake cutting edge research and create practical tools which impact on practice, academia and industry throughout the world. This vibrant research community attracts significant investment from a wide range of funding bodies and industry partners around the world. The combined value is €106 million. Find out more about our recent publications and current projects below.

Supply chain carbon reduction in action

Professor Lenny Koh's SCEnAT tool is put into action at DBL Logistics, a Sheffield company, and could help reduce their fleet's carbon footprint.

David Clarkson, MD at the family firm, said: “The benchmarking is obviously of keen interest to our sales director because if you can benchmark yourself against a competitor and it shows we are far more sustainable, this puts us in a stronger position.”

They have already seen results from using the system - in fact the SCEnAT system also flagged up to DBL the inefficiencies of running older vehicles on its fleet in terms of fuel consumption, emissions and maintenance and repair costs.

Click here to read the full article online at Freight in the City.

Sustainability expert to drive forward city's low-carbon sector

Prof Lenny KohA renowned expert on sustainability, and Director of CEES, has been chosen to help drive forward Sheffield’s low-carbon sector.

Professor Lenny Koh from the Management School, a specialist on low-carbon supply chains, has been selected as one of three new Chairs of the 'Sustainability Partnership for business, innovation and skills' for the Sheffield City Region.

Professor Koh will work alongside Oliver Coppard, from the Sheffield City Region Local Enterprise Partnership, and Teresa Hitchcock, from law firm DLA Piper, as co-chairs to represent the education, public and private sectors.

A recent report by Oxford Economics found that over 9600 people are employed in the low carbon sector across the Sheffield City Region, and suggested that the sector will create over 1000 jobs in the region before 2021, adding over £80 million to the local economy.

The sector covers areas such as as low-emission vehicles, waste processing, low-carbon electricity and heat, low-carbon advisory and finance services and developing energy-efficiency products.

Professor Koh said: “We’re really thrilled to be taking on the challenge of driving this sector forward in Sheffield City Region. Given what is going on at a national and international level, the opportunity to develop a thriving, growing sector could not be bigger or more exciting.

Scenat+ Launch Event“Over the coming weeks and months our priority will be to listen to as many voices as we can from across the region’s businesses, innovation hubs, local authorities and third sector organisations, so that we know exactly what our industry needs from the Sheffield City Region if we’re going to move forward.

“With the Northern Powerhouse and the devolution agenda moving forward so quickly, there is a real, once in a generation chance to get the support from government that our low carbon sector needs. There are some big challenges ahead, but with the right support we really can exploit our well-earned global reputation for excellence and innovation.”

The Partnership will continue feeding into the Sheffield City Region growth plan, through initiatives such as the Advanced Resource Efficiency Centre (AREC), run by Professor Koh. The Centre seeks to develop resource efficiency within the advanced materials and manufacturing, energy, agricultural technology and food, healthcare and transport industries.

Over the coming months, the new Chairs of the Partnership have also committed to a ‘leadership and learning’ model, engaging with the wider low carbon sector through a series of events and meetings across the region.

The first outing for the new look group will be at the launch of the Advanced Resource Efficiency Centre’s (AREC) SCEnAT+ tool in London on the 24 September 2015 sponsored by Microsoft (click leaflet above).

Recycling e-waste worth up to 3.7 billion euros to Europe

Prof Lenny KohRecycling waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) more effectively could be worth up to 3.7 billion euros to the European market as well as reducing environmental pollution, an award winning research paper has found.

Professor Lenny Koh, Director of CEES, along with colleagues Federica Cucciella, Idiano D’Adomo and Paolo Rosa from the University of L’Aquila and Politecnico di Milano have recently published a paper entitled ‘Recycling of WEEEs: an economic assessment of present and future e-waste streams’.

Waste electrical and electronic equipment is currently considered to be one of the fastest growing waste streams in the world, with an estimated growth rate between three and five per cent each year.

Professor Koh, Director of Advanced Resource Efficiency Centre (AREC) and a world leading expert on low carbon supply chains, said: “We have been working on the collaborative research for several years with the University of L’Aquila and Politecnico di Milano. This builds from our prior research on turning waste into resource, resource efficiency and circular economy.

“In particular, this research has strong relevance to addressing global issues of materials availability and security, reducing reliance on unused non-renewable materials, especially precious, critical and rare earth materials in manufacturing for sustainability and for consideration for substitution.”

The paper presents a comprehensive framework supporting the decision-making process of multiple electronic recycling centres. The assessment defined the potential revenues coming from the recovery of valuable materials, such as gold and platinum, in 14 electronic items including notebooks, monitors, smartphones, hard drives and tablets using current and future disposed quantities in Europe.

It found that recycling electronic waste was equal to 2.15 billion euros in overall potential revenue to the European market in 2014 and could rise to 3.67 billion euros by 2020. As well as providing a significant source of revenue, more effective recovery of materials could benefit the environment by reducing manufacturers’ reliance on unprocessed resources.

Professor Koh added: “The recycling of e-waste could allow the diminishing use of virgin resources in manufacturing and, consequently, it could contribute in reducing environmental pollution.

“Given that EU has tried over the last two decades to develop a circular economy based on the exploitation of resources recovered by wastes, this research is key evidence to influence both industry and government on the financial and economic value of materials recovery of WEEE.”

With the development of new electronic items and waste set to increase, the research highlights the need for manufacturers and recycling centres to work more closely together in order to recover more material from disposed equipment. It also recommends needed the development of more flexible recycling plants able to intercept different types of end of life products.

Following publication earlier this month, the research has been recognised by academic publisher Elsevier with the prestigious Atlas Award.

The award recognises scientific research that has an impact on people around the world and is selected by an advisory board based on suggestions from the publishers of Elsevier's 1,800 journals each month.

Professor Gill Valentine, Pro-Vice-Chancellor for the Faculty of Social Sciences, said: “I am delighted to hear that Professor Koh and her colleagues have been recognised with the Elsevier Atlas Award. This insightful work demonstrates the significant impact research here at the University can have on our world and the environment.”

An award ceremony for the presentation of the Elsevier Atlas Award will be held at the Management School on 29 September 2015.

Supply Chain Success in REF2014

The research from the LSCM Research Centre, CEES and AREC including outputs, environment and impact case studies made extraordinary achievements in the REF2014, boosting the ranking of the results in the University of Sheffield and also of the Management School:

  • Top five in the Russell Group for research impact
  • Top ten in the UK for research impact

Professor Lenny Koh, director of LSCM Research Centre, CEES and AREC, said: "This extraordinary achievement demonstrates the world-leading research in supply chain and resource sustainability at the University of Sheffield, and shows that we're the 'go-to' institution for research and impact in this area. It is also a recognition that shows the research we do made a difference to the world, industry and society."

Details of the REF Impact Case Studies contributed by our Centres are shown in the links below:

Professor Lenny Koh
Professor John Cullen

Exploring Key Questions around Entry to the UK Energy Supply Market for SMEs

The GB Energy market is facing period of unprecedented change. The Government's Electricity Market Reform programme has placed in statute (through the Energy Bill, 2013) the mechanisms needed to underpin more than £110 billion of investment in the UK electricity sector before 2020, in order to set the UK on the pathway of a decarbonised economy which is energy secure and affordable. More recently, in March2014, Ofgem published its long awaited ‘State of the Market Assessment’, the latest in a number of regulator led market assessments. This is the biggest investigation of the British energy markets since privatisation and deregulation began in the 1980s. The report concludes that competition in the energy market is not working as well as it could be. In addition to low customer switching and increasing generation profits amongst the ‘Big 6’ (£3bn in 2009 to £3.7bn in 2012), Ofgem highlight that the significant level of vertical integration in the UK electricity market amongst the ‘Big 6’ makes it difficult for new entrants (who don’t own generation assets) to compete against them.

In the context of these significant changes, this report explores the current GB electricity retail market structure and how it is dominated by six large, vertically integrated energy companies (the ‘Big 6’) and considers the key market failings and perceived barriers to entry for small scale electricity suppliers.

A copy of the report, entitled Exploring Key Questions around Entry to the UK Energy Supply Market for SMEs, can be downloaded by clicking on the relevant link or on the header above.

Advanced Resource Efficiency Centre

AREC Logo version 2The Advanced Resource Efficiency Centre (AREC) is a facility to promote the collaboration between industry and academia. It provides a platform for access to policy makers, in order to meet the challenge of promoting resource efficiency and sustainability across supply chains. The concept of AREC as a facility is to enable the creation of competitive advantage through developing resource sustainable supply chains, built on a strong foundation of government policy initiatives. AREC supports the development of resource sustainable supply chains by proposing new ways of reducing risk for partners in overcoming the challenges of resource availability. Through AREC, Small & Medium sized Enterprises (SMEs) can join in collaboration with larger industrial partners and benefit from cutting edge academic research and skills.

Promoting Environmental Sustainable SME's  

PrESS logoPromoting Environmental Sustainable SME’s (PrESS) Project is a multi-partner international project which is led by the University of Sheffield and is funded by the European Commission Lifelong Learning Programme. Professor Lenny Koh, Director of the Centre for Energy, Environment and Sustainability (CEES) and Associate Dean at the University of Sheffield's Management School is Principal Investigator of the PrESS project which builds on Professor Koh’s SCEnAT tool, which helps business and industry understand their supply chain environmental impact. In this project, this tool is being further advanced to improve delivery of sustainability and cost reduction.

Smart Co² Transformation (SCOT)

SCOT projectSmart CO2 Transformation (SCOT) is a project supported by the Seventh Framework programme of the European Community (FP7) to develop Strategic European Research Agenda aimed at improving the technical and economic performance of emerging CO2 transformation technologies.

SCOT is the first ever European initiative in the field of CO2 recycling. The consortium gathers five regions (Belgium France, Germany, Netherlands and UK) which are strongly committed and already well advanced in this emerging area of CO2 recycling.  The University of Sheffield is leading on Work Package 2 Socio-Economic Analysis.

The BIG Energy Upgrade

Big Energy Upgrade LogoThe BIG Energy Upgrade is a £15 million, ERDF funded regional flagship project that addresses the key national priorities of:

  • reducing CO2 emissions from the installed base of residential dwellings, required to meet national CO2 reduction.
  • alleviating fuel-poverty.
  • driving regional economic growth in this expanding field.

Reverse Logistics Toolkit

Reverse Logistics Toolkit front coverRetailers and manufacturers can't afford to ignore reverse logistics, and so research work was carried out for both the UK Department for Transport and CIMA on the development of a reverse logistics diagnostic and performance improvement toolkit. The toolkit enables companies to audit their returns management activities and identify where opportunities exist to reduce costs and waste and improve customer service. The work is funded by the Department for Transport.

Supply Chain Environmental Analysis Tool (SCEnAT)

Supply Chain Environmental Analysis ToolSCEnAT is an £825,000 project funded by Yorkshire Forward and can help companies map and understand where their carbon footprint hotspots are in the supply chain and enable them to target and evaluate the effects of appropriate interventions. The key benefits of the tool and its use include:

  • Improved efficiency and bottom line costs.
  • Closer relationship with suppliers, customers and stakeholders
  • Cost-effective, informed and quantifiable intervention and innovation strategy in key areas of the supply chain
  • Balanced economic demands with a reduced carbon footprint

Collaborative research with CEES

Centre for Energy, Environment and SustainabilityThe Centre for Energy, Environment and Sustainability (CEES) is a leading world class centre of excellence in multi-disciplinary research, development and deployment of innovative ways to advance the understanding of energy, environment and sustainability for a low carbon future.

LSCM works closely with CEES on a number of cross-cutting research projects including the Big Energy Upgrade

Recent Publications

Koh, S.C.L., Jones, C.R., Genovese, A., Acquaye, A., Marchand, R.D., Scott, F. (2013) Promoting the Green Deal to low income communities: Initial insights from Yorkshire & The Humber. Available for download here.

Lee, T.L., Na Le, T.P., Genovese, A., Koh, S.C.L. (2012). Using FAHP to determine the criteria for partner's selection in the Green Supply Chain - the case of Hand tool industry in Taiwan. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, 23(1).

Barbati, M., Bruno, G., Genovese, A. (2012). Applications of Agent-Based Models for Optimization Problems: a Literature Review. Expert Systems with Applications

Glew, D; Stringer, L; Acquaye, A; McQueen-Mason, S (2012) How do End of Life Scenarios Influence the Environmental Impact of Product Supply Chains? Comparing Biomaterial and Petrochemical Products; International Journal of Cleaner Production

Acquaye, A, A; Barrett, P; Topi, C; Glews, D; Kuylenstierna, J; Barrett, J; Koh, S. C. L. & McQueen-Mason, S. (2012). Greening the Supply Chain: The Development of Supply Chain Carbon Maps; International Journal of Engineering Management and Economics

Koh, S. C. L ; Genovese, A; Acquaye, A, A; Barrett, P; Rana, N; Kuylenstierna, J; Gibbs, D (2012) Decarbonising product supply chains: design and development of an integrated evidence-based Decision Support System-the Supply Chain Environmental Analysis Tool (SCEnAT); International Journal of Production Research

Bai, C., Sarkis, J., Wei, X. and Koh, S.C.L. (2011) Evaluating Ecological Sustainable Performance Measures for Supply Chain Management, Supply Chain Management: An International Journal. (Impfac: 2.341)

Shi, G., Baldwin, J. and Koh, S.C.L. (2011) Conceptualising green supply chain management: A structural model of drivers, practices and performance, Supply Chain Management: An International Journal. (Impfac: 2.341)

Acquaye, A; Wiedmann, T; Feng, K; Crawford, R; Barrett, J; Kuylenstierna, J; Duffy, A; Koh, L; McQueen-Mason, S (2011) Identification of `Carbon Hot-Spots´ and Quantification of GHG Intensities in the Biodiesel Supply Chain using Hybrid LCA and Structural Path Analysis, Environmental Science & Technology, 45(6), pp. 2471-2478. (Impfac: 4.630)

Bernon, M., Rossi, S., and Cullen, J (2011) “Retail reverse logistics: a call and grounding framework for research”, International Journal of Physical Distribution and Logistics Management, 41, pp. 484-510

Acquaye, A.A., Wiedmann, T., Feng, K., Crawford R.H., Barrett, J., Kuylenstierna, J., Duffy, A.P., Koh, S. C. L. & McQueen-Mason, S. (2011). Identification of ‘Carbon Hot-Spots’ and Quantification of GHG Intensities in the Biodiesel Supply Chain Using Hybrid LCA and Structural Path Analysis. Environmental Science and Technology, 45 (6), pp 2471–2478

Acquaye, A, A; Duffy, A, P and Basu B (2011) Embodied Emissions Abatement - A Policy Assessment Using Stochastic Analysis; Energy Policy; 39, pp429–441.

Acquaye, A, A; Duffy, A, P and Basu B (2011) Stochastic hybrid embodied CO2−eq analysis: An application to the Irish apartment building sector, Energy and Buildings, 43(6), 1295-1303

Wiedmann, T; Suh, S; Feng, K; Lenzen, M; Acquaye, A; Scott, K and Barrett, J (2011) Application of Hybrid Life Cycle Approaches to Emerging Energy Technologies – The Case of Wind Power in the UK, Environment, Science and Technology, 45(13), pp5900-5907

R. Swarnkar, A. K. Choudhary, J. A. Harding, B. P. Das and R. I. Young, (2011) A Framework for Collaboration Moderator Services to Support Knowledge Based Collaboration, Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, published online April 2011.

A.K.Choudhary, J.A.Harding, H. K. Lin, M. K. Tiwari and R. Shankar, (2011) Knowledge discovery And data mining integrated (KOATING) Moderators For Collaborative Projects”, International journal of Production Research, 2011, 49 (23), pp 7029 – 7057.

N. Cheikhrouhou, M. Pouly, C. Huber and A. K. Choudhary, (2011) An Empirical Study on Human and Information Technology Aspects in Collaborative Enterprise Networks, Special Issue of the Journal of Universal Computer Science, 17 (2), 203-223.

P. Carrillo, J. A. Harding and A. K. Choudhary, (2011) Knowledge Discovery from Post Project Report, Construction Management and Economics, 29(7), pp. 713-723.

V. Kumar, N. Mishra, N. Kumar, M. Kumar and M. K. Tiwari (2011), Addressing lot sizing and warehousing scheduling problem in the manufacturing environment, Expert systems with applications, 38 (9), pp. 11751-11762.

Bruno, G., Esposito E., Genovese, A., Gwebu, K. (2011). A critical analysis of current indexes for Digital Divide Measurement. The Information Society Journal, 27 (1), pp. 16-28 (Impact Factor: 1.210).

Bruno, G., Genovese, A., Improta, G. (2011). Routing Problems: a Historical Perspective. Bulletin of the British Society for the History of Mathematics, 26 (2), pp.118-127.

Bruno, G., Genovese, A. (2011). A Spatial Interaction Model for the Representation of the Mobility of University Students within the Italian Territory. Networks and Spatial Economics, forthcoming, DOI: 10.1007/s11067-010-9142-7, (Impact Factor: 0.940).

Bruno, G., Genovese, A., Sgalambro A. (2011). An Extension of the Schedule Optimization Problem at a Public Transit Terminal to the Multiple Destination Case. Accepted for Publication on Public Transport, DOI: 10.1007/s12469-011-0039-8.

Tsamenyi M and Cullen J (2010) Introduction to management controls and new organisational forms, Journal of Accounting and Organisational Change, 6 (1), pp. 5-8.

Meira J, Kartalis N.D, Tsamenyi M and Cullen J (2010) Management Controls and Inter-Firm Relationships: A Review, Journal of Accounting and Organisational Change, 6(2), pp. 149-169.

Bruno, G., Genovese, A., Sgalambro, A. (2010) An Agent-Based framework for modeling and solving Location Problems. TOP, 18 (1), pp.81-96 (Impact Factor: 0.756).

Bruno, G., Genovese, A. (2010) A Mathematical Model for the Optimization of the Airport Check-In Service Problem, Electronic Notes in Discrete Mathematics (Special Issue for ISCO 2010 Conference), 36, pp. 703-710.

A K Choudhary, N. Mishra, Ravi Shankar M. K. Tiwari, (2010) Rollout strategy-based probabilistic causal model approach for the multiple fault diagnosis, Robotics and computer Integrated Manufacturing, 26 (4), pp. 325–332.

Acquaye, A, A and Duffy, A, P (2010) Input-Output of Irish Construction Sector Green House Gas Emissions; Building and Environment, 45; pp784–791.