ETSC has received grants/sponsorships and been involved in projects funded by research councils, professional bodies, European authorities, government bodies and private organisations including the Economic and Social Science Research Council (ESRC), the European Commission, the Department for Transport and Rolls-Royce.
Find out about some of our projects below.
Brexit and Social Housing
Brexit presents great opportunities and challenges. To ensure that Brexit does not have the unintended consequence of increasing the societal divide, it is critical to understand the possible impacts of Brexit on the social housing supply chain to ensure that opportunities are exploited and challenges are minimized. While Brexit is a one-in-a-life-time event supply chain disruptions based on changed in government policy and introduction are surprisingly commonplace and poorly understood.
Acting as an industry partner Reallies is a national partnership made of regional social housing procurement consortia in the UK. Reallies will provide high levels of access and support to key industry members across the social housing supply chain.
The REINVEST project has the general goal of enhancing co-operation and research collaboration between EU and India and combining their expertise in the field of freight transportation to make it more efficient and therefore more
environmentally friendly, financially and socially sustainable for long term benefits.
The University of Sheffield is lead partner with Loughborough University, The University of Padua, the South East European Research Centre, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Delhi and IIT Bombay.
ProSFet (Promoting Sustainable Freight Transport in Urban Contexts: Policy and Decision-Making Approaches) is an EU-Horizon 2020 Marie Curie Research Staff Innovation Scheme.
The project aims to identify local authority planning needs with regards to urban/city logistics activities and the necessary pre-requisites for inclusion of stakeholders in the process.
Finally, the project will promote the knowledge transfer of methods and models through the conceptual development of a novel decision support tool (thanks to involved software houses).
Road2Rail Energy Exchange
Funded by EPSRC, this £1.5million research project focuses on electrically powered rail transport systems and electric road vehicles (EVs), and extends to the power supply network which supports them. The convergence over coming years of both road and rail transport on electric power with reduced dependence on fossil fuels offers great potential benefits, but also has risks from dependence on a single fuel type and peak demand stress on its underlying supply network. Although fossil fuels have environmental drawbacks they have the advantage of offering inherent energy storage, thereby desynchronising time of energy use from its supply, and smoothing demands on the supply network. This is not the case for electricity use in which there are currently only limited means to smooth and reduce demand.
The proposed research addresses both the technology to store electric energy in a form suited to transport use, and the modelling to understand how to use the technology to reduce overall energy demand.
The research will be accomplished through eight interrelated work packages:
- WP1: Techno-economic supply chain analysis of energy storage technologies for application in UK rail and road transport
- WP2: Optimising transport network operation for R2R energy exchange
- WP3: Power network simulation
- WP4: Versatile line-side storage demonstration
- WP5: Demonstrator data analysis and second-life EV battery
- WP6: Attractiveness to users and incentives for implementation
- WP7: R2R Communications, control and interfacing
- WP8: Project Management
Funded by EPSRC and in collaboration with Jaguar Land Rover, this £1million research examines the life cycle impact of materials ageing.
Material ageing is commonly understood as changes of material properties with time. This physical or chemical alteration has a detrimental effect on the material properties and leads to gradual loss of the design function and unacceptable loss of efficiency or ultimate failure. Ageing of a material system under normal service conditions is a difficult case to treat. Many factors can significantly affect its durability, such as temperature, irradiation, moisture, chemicals, mechanical creep and fatigue loading. Synergism in the global ageing often occurs when the simultaneous action of several stresses results in an ageing effect that differs from that which would be observed if the individual stresses were applied sequentially.
In an effort to understand the ageing process, the first task is to identify the age parameter that represents, on a macroscopic scale, the micro and sub microscopic features, underlying processes such as nucleation and growth of micro defects, and/or physico-chemical transformations. The second task consists of formulation of a constitutive equation that can mathematically represent ageing. The third task obviously is the experimental examination of the condition that leads to catastrophes such as small perturbation in controlling parameters leading to large variations of the age parameter. A material tensor "g" can be introduced as an age parameter similar to stresses and temperature. A variational principle approach can then be followed to formulate a constitutive equation for ageing. Interestingly, an evolution of "g" in four dimensional material space-time continuum would lead to an inelastic behaviour, which manifests as time dependent material properties recorded by an external observer. For one of the simplest linearized case this approach leads to a semi-empirical creep behaviour model. Currently, most of the studies are based on accelerated ageing test at coupon level and require extrapolation to normal service conditions of the part/component, resulting in many uncertainties, leading to frequent diagnostic tests in the field (visual inspection, chemical measurements, physical measurements), impacting dramatically on cost.
The aim of the proposed work is to develop an 'age-aware' comprehensive simulation tool for the prediction and assessment of critically important automotive components and systems during manufacturing, in-service and the end of life.
Funded by EU, this project promotes energy efficient operations by developing and delivering training designed to suit various skills level.
This project involves partners from the UK, Poland, Greece and Italy, both from academia and industry. This project is a spin out/subsequent project post the PreSS project. In TrainERGY, Virtual Learning Environment (VLE) plays a central role by platforming the intellectual input identified through skills need analysis to transferrable knowledge capital and capability useful for stakeholders and users.
Examples of capabilities built in this process include energy efficient operations management, life cycle assessment, supply chain mapping, decision analysis and amongst others.
Funded by EU, this project promotes environmental sustainable SMEs. Working in collaboration, partners from the UK, Poland, Greece and Italy worked with SMEs and industry partners to develop new ways to enhance environmental sustainability in SMEs. The interventions include sustainable sourcing, life cycle assessment, benchmarking and amongst others.