Sanjay Lanka’s educational background includes a first class with distinction in Mechanical Engineering and an MBA in International Business. Sanjay’s PhD in Accounting at the University of Essex focused on accounting for sustainable livelihoods through an engagement with Fairtrade and biodiversity. In addition to Sanjay’s experience doing research and teaching, he has worked in the pharmaceutical, food, and educational testing industries besides having around ten years of experience as a small business and start up consultant. Sanjay also has a wide range of international experience having lived and worked in the U.S., India, China, Mexico, Colombia, Peru, Nicaragua and Costa Rica.
Sanjay's teaching philosophy combines the use of lecture, in class tutoring and discussion in seminars connecting all of these with the use of real life examples from his own extensive real world experience and the latest case studies.Sanjay has been a small business consultant since 2006 with the Small Business Development Center network (SBDC) of the U.S. Small Business Administration where he helped small business owners with different aspects of their business including business planning, marketing, financial projections and loan assistance. He has been able to incorporate this experience into his teaching in the classroom thereby providing students with real world application and context. Sanjay has over ten years of experience teaching at the university level and has taught various business courses including Financial Accounting, Managerial Accounting, Intermediate Accounting, Finance, Community economic development, Operations and Supply Chain management and Global marketing.
Sanjay Lanka’s research interests are in the area of Social, Environmental and Supply Chain Accounting. His research is contributing to the development of a new sub-area of accounting which he calls Agroecology Accounting, which focuses on the relationship between Livelihoods and Biodiversity. Specifically this new area of accounting would look at issues related to how the ecosystem services provided by soil and agricultural biodiversity promote the Sustainable Livelihoods of small holder farmers. He looks at this within the context of the International food system with a specific focus on its impact on small holder farmers who produce 70% of the food with only 30% of the land. His work also critiques the practices of the agricultural-industrial food complex by providing an account of the impact that it has on the livelihoods of small holder farmers.
Sanjay’s research also looks at Governance and Accountability within Alternate Trade Organizations such as Fairtrade, which have been set up with the implicit goal of mitigating the impact of the commodification of agriculture to alleviate the livelihoods of small farmers. In this regard his recent experience has been working with an Organic and Fairtrade certified coffee co-operative in India consisting of indigenous coffee farmers. In addition he has also worked with coffee co-operatives in Costa Rica and Nicaragua. Currently he is undertaking a research project in India working with smallholder farmers. Sanjay is keen to take on new research projects that engage with these issues using an interdisciplinary perspective.
Social and Environmental Accounting and Accountability: This is a broad area and within this Sanjay would be open to engaging with a wide range of topics. However, his own area of research is presently focused on:
Accounting for Sustainable Livelihoods: with a focus on accounts from the margins to understand issues related to social and environmental justice.
Accounting for externalities: with a focus on the impact of industrial agriculture, but could include social and environmental externalities caused by either the actions of government, corporations or the NGO-corporate nexus.
Supply chain accounting and accountability: with an emphasis on the food supply chain and perspectives of producers as well as small business owners whose share in value generated within the value chain is under threat.
Accountability issues with regards to co-operatives: with an emphasis on co-operatives in agriculture as well as the production of food.