Editorial style guide - D

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Z


See honorary titles


See en-dashes

dates and times

Use 25 July, not July 25 or 25th July. Don't abbreviate the month. Omit the day of the week and year, unless needed for clarity, in which case write out the year in full:

25 July 2021

To express an academic year, or range of years, use the following format:

2020–21, or 2020–2021, using an en-dash
not 2020/21 or 2020/2021

Use am and pm, not the 24-hour clock. Use full stops not colons as separators.

9.30am not 09:30
11.30pm not 23:30
12 noon
12 midnight

Note there is no space between the number and am or pm.

Avoid vague time references such as will be online soon and some time next year.

See also numbers and centuries

degree class

First, 2:1, 2:2, 3rd. Use First, never 1st. Use a capital when referring to a First, but lower case for first-class degree. Never use first degree, as this can be confused with an undergraduate degree.

She was awarded a First in biology
He was awarded a 2:1 in English
She was awarded a first-class degree in chemistry


Try to use the name of the department instead, if you can:

Management School open days, Geography common room.

If you can't be specific, use 'department open days' instead.

department names

Department has a capital D when it is part of the department's title:

Welcome to the Department of Geography.

When referring to the department, use a lower-case d.

The academic staff in the department are friendly and approachable.

Use the same rule when referring to schools.

Welcome to the Management School.
The school has an excellent record.

If you use an acronym for your department or school, such as ACSE or SEAS, always make sure you also write it out in full the first time you use it in a text.

See aconyms and initials


Lectures take place in the Diamond. 

dos and don'ts

No apostrophe in dos.