Thermal Analysis

Specifications and descriptions of our thermal analysis equipment can be found below, including typical applications.

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PerkinElmer Pyris 1 TGA

Our Pyris 1 Thermogravimetric Analyser (TGA) allows the measurement of weight change as a function of time or temperature, in order to obtain knowledge about the thermal stability or composition of your material. The instrument operates from room temperature to 1000°C, usually at a standard heating rate of 10°C/min (it is possible to scan at different rates). Complex programs, with changes in scanning rate, isothermal steps and purge gas changes can easily be set up. An external gas switch (TAGS box) allows sample purge gases to be changed during experimentation. This is useful, for example, in oxidation studies where a precise switch from an inert to an oxidising environment is needed. A 20 position auto-sampler allows the measurement of a large number of samples and is particularly useful for running samples overnight.

Applications:

  • Water or volatile analysis
  • Compositional analysis
  • Carbon content
  • Polymer composition
  • Decomposition temperature
  • Thermal stability

Specification:

Temperature range RT - 1000°C Sensitivity 0.1μg
Scanning rates 0.1 - 200°C/min Balance accuracy >0.02%
Precision +/- 2°C Balance precision 0.001%
Balance tare +/- 2μg Purge gases Ar, N2, O2, air

TA Instruments Q600 SDT

Our Simultaneous Thermal Analyser (STA) allows the concurrent measurement of both mass change (TGA) and heat flux (DTA/DSC). The instrument has a measurement range of RT - 1500°C with a normal heating rate of 10°C/min (other heating rates can be used). The advantage of using an STA system is that both energy changes and mass changes are directly comparable, making data analysis more straightforward and reducing run times on other instruments.  Both inert and oxidising sample purge environments are available for this instrument and either alumina or platinum sample pans can be used.

Applications:

  • Compositional analysis
  • Identification of thermal events (Tg, crystallisation, melting)
  • Phase changes
  • Measurement of volatiles
  • Degradation studies
  • Oxidative stability
  • Thermal stability

Specification:

Temperature range RT - 1500°C Balance sensitivity 0.2μg
Scanning rates

0.1 - 100°C/min (RT - 1000°C)

0.1 - 25°C/min (1000 - 1500°C)

Balance precision +/- 0.2%
Temperature precision

+/- 0.5°C (RT - 1000°C)

+/- 1.0°C (1000 - 1500°C)

Purge gases Nitrogen or air
Calorimetric accuracy +/- 5%

PerkinElmer DSC6 & DSC7

Our Differential Scanning Calorimeters allow a range of transformations to be identified by measuring heat flow. The instruments measure the energy difference between a sample and a reference material as a function of time or temperature when both are subjected to controlled temperature program.  Both the sample and reference are maintained at the same temperature and the power input needed to this, related to heat flow. DSC is an important technique for looking at phase and enthalpy changes. Our DSC6 has a maximum temperture of 445°C and the DSC7 of 600°C. Inert atmospheres are available for both instruments.

Applications:

  • Tg, Tc, Tm determination
  • Purity investigations
  • Specific heat
  • Thermal stability
  • Degree of cure
  • Study of reactions/state changes

Specifications:

DSC6 DSC7
Temperature range RT - 445°C RT - 600°C
Heating/cooling rate 0.1 - 100°C/min 0.1 - 80°C/min
Temperature accuracy +/- 0.2°C 0.1°C
Temperature precision +/- 0.1°C 0.1°C
Calorimetry accuracy +/- 2% <1%
Calorimetry precision +/- 1% 0.1%
Calorimetry sensitivity 2μW <1μW

PerkinElmer Diamond DSC

Our Diamond DSC system allows heat flow determination between -90°C (via the use of an Intracooler III system) and 600°C. Sub-ambient temperatures are particularly amenable to the thermal studies of polymers. The diamond system also allows fast heating rates, so called 'hyper-DSC' with rates up to 500°C/min (in helium), therefore allowing kinetic studies.

Applications:

  • Tg, Tc, Tm determination
  • Purity investigations
  • Specific heat
  • Degree of cure
  • Study of reactions/state changes
  • Kinetic studies

Specification:

Temperature range -90 - 600°C (with intra-cooler) Calorimetry accuracy <1%
Heating/cooling rate - 500°C/min Calorimetry precision <0.1%
Temperature accuracy +/- 0.1°C Calorimetry sensitivity 0.2μW
Temperature precision +/- 0.01°C

PerkinElmer Diamond TMA

Our Thermomechanical Analyser (TMA) is used to measure changes in dimension of your material (such as expansion or contraction) as a function of time, temperature and force applied to the sample. Measuring the coefficient of linear thermal expansion (CTE) is a common use of TMA.

The broad force range of the Diamond TMA permits a wide range of samples to be analysed, from single fibres to stiff composites. We have probes available for expansion, penetration, bending and tension studies. The system has a maximum temperature of 600°C and heating is usually carried out at a standard heating rate of 5°C/min. The furnace can be cooled using liquid nitrogen allowing sub-ambient measurements.

Applications:

  • Expansion coefficients
  • Glass transition temperature
  • Softening
  • Shrinking
  • Creep
  • Stress-strain

Specification:

Temperature range RT - 600°C (-150°C with liquid N2) Load sensitivity 0.01mN
Heating rate 0.01 - 100°C Purge gas Inert or air
Force range 0.01mN - 5.8N Max sample size 10mm dia x 25mm
Displacement resolution 0.02μm