Dr Jim Gilmour
Tel: 0114 222 4412
Production of Biofuels and other useful products from microalgae (including cyanobacteria)
My initial training at PhD and postdoctoral level was in algal physiology and biochemistry using the extremophilic microalga Dunaliella to examine the effect of salt stress on photosynthesis. On obtaining my lectureship at Sheffield, I continued to work with microalgae, but gradually I moved more into the field of bacterial growth in extreme environments. During the 1990s, I was Deputy Head of Department and Director of Undergraduate Studies, but I always maintained a research laboratory with at least one PhD student. In 2000, I moved back into research and retrained in molecular biology techniques and since 2005, I have supervised 8 PhD students studying microbial biodiversity in extreme environments. I have recently started to adapt the molecular biodiversity techniques used for bacteria (16S rDNA sequencing, specialised gel electrophoresis methods) for use with microalgae. My expertise in molecular biology techniques coupled with my long term experience of growing microalgae are the basis of my current research into biodiesel production by microalgae. I have collaborations with colleagues in the Engineering Faculty, in particular with Prof Will Zimmerman on using microbubbles to grow microalgae more efficiently. Two further review papers are in press and we have received funding from the Technology Strategy Board (£150k) and the Grantham Foundation for the Protection of the Environment (£33300). Very recently, funding has been awarded by DECC to Carbon Sequestration Ltd as part of CCS Innovation programme and my laboratory will receive £35K of this award. The microalgal research group in my lab consists of six PhD students (four of whom are jointly supervised with colleagues in Engineering).
Microbiology, microalgae, cyanobacteria, biofuels
Level 3 Modules
MBB303 Cells as Factories (Module Coordinator)
Level 2 Modules
MBB263 Microbiology 2
Level 1 Modules
MBB163 Microbiology (Module Coordinator)
Honours and Distinctions
- Optimization and cost estimation of microalgal lipid extraction using ozone-rich microbubbles for biodiesel production. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, 23, 101462-101462.
- Enhancement of Dunaliella salina growth by using wavelength shifting dyes. Journal of Applied Phycology. View this article in WRRO
- The influence of exogenous organic carbon assimilation and photoperiod on the carbon and lipid metabolism of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Algal Research, 31, 122-137. View this article in WRRO
- Effect of ammonium and high light intensity on the accumulation of lipids in Nannochloropsis oceanica (CCAP 849/10) and Phaeodactylum tricornutum (CCAP 1055/1). Biotechnology for Biofuels, 11(1), 60-60. View this article in WRRO
- Microbial consortia: a critical look at microalgae co-cultures for enhanced biomanufacturing. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, 38(5), 690-703. View this article in WRRO
- Lipid quantification techniques for screening oleaginous species of microalgae for biofuel production. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, 119(2).
- In-situ disinfection and a new downstream processing scheme from algal harvesting to lipid extraction using ozone-rich microbubbles for biofuel production. Algal Research, 17, 217-226. View this article in WRRO
- Ex-situ Bioremediation of U(VI) from Contaminated Mine Water Using Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans Strains. Frontiers in Environmental Sciences, 4, 1-11. View this article in WRRO
- The Search for a Lipid Trigger: The Effect of Salt Stress on the Lipid Profile of the Model Microalgal Species Chlamydomonas reinhardtii for Biofuels Production. Current Biotechnology, 5(4), 305-313. View this article in WRRO
- Synergistic carbon metabolism in a fast growing mixotrophic freshwater microalgal species Micractinium inermum. Biomass and Bioenergy, 82, 73-86. View this article in WRRO
- Periodic CO2 Dosing Strategy for Dunaliella salina Batch Culture. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 16(5), 11509-11521. View this article in WRRO
- Periodic CO2 Dosing Strategy for Dunaliella salina Batch Culture. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. View this article in WRRO
- Effects of CO
2and pH on growth of the microalga Dunaliella salina. Journal of Microbial and Biochemical Technology, 6(3), 167-173. View this article in WRRO
- Enhanced Mass Transfer in Microbubble Driven Airlift Bioreactor for Microalgal Culture. Engineering, 5(9), 735-743. View this article in WRRO
- Growth Enhancement of Dunaliella salina by Microbubble Induced Airlift Loop Bioreactor (ALB)—The Relation between Mass Transfer and Growth Rate. Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology, 4(2A), 1-9. View this article in WRRO
- Microalgae biorefinery concept based on hydrothermal microwave pyrolysis. Green Chemistry, 14(12), 3251-3254.
- Can algal biofuels play a major role in meeting future energy needs?. Biofuels, 3(5), 511-513.
- Design of an airlift loop bioreactor and pilot scales studies with fluidic oscillator induced microbubbles for growth of a microalgae Dunaliella salina. Applied Energy.
- Physiological responses of the green alga Dunaliella parva (Volvocales, Chlorophyta) to controlled incremental changes in the N source. FUNCT PLANT BIOL, 34(10), 925-934.
- Analysis of protein solvent interactions in glucose dehydrogenase from the extreme halophile Haloferax mediterranei.. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 103(13), 4846-4851.
- Gene-specific expression and calcium activation of Arabidopsis thaliana phospholipase C isoforms. NEW PHYTOL, 162(3), 643-654.
- Influence of the nitrogen source and metabolites on the V-max of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase from the unicellular green alga Dunaliella parva CCAP 19/9 (Volvocales, Chlorophyceae). PHYCOLOGIA, 42(2), 133-137.
- Big bacteria pass through very small holes.. Med Hypotheses, 58(6), 558-560.
- Crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of glucose dehydrogenase from Haloferax mediterranei.. Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr, 57(Pt 12), 1887-1889.
- The uptake of organic compounds by Dunaliella parva CCAP 19/9. EUR J PHYCOL, 31(3), 217-224.
- THE EFFECT OF NACL ON THE GROWTH OF A HALOMONAS SPECIES - ACCUMULATION AND UTILIZATION OF COMPATIBLE SOLUTES. MICROBIOL-UK, 141, 1413-1418.
- INTERACTIONS BETWEEN CARBON AND NITROGEN-METABOLISM IN THE UNICELLULAR ALGA DUNALIELLA. PLANT PHYSIOL, 108(2), 127-127.
- REGULATION OF CELL-VOLUME IN THE SALT-TOLERANT BACTERIUM HALOMONAS-ELONGATA. LETT APPL MICROBIOL, 19(5), 363-365.
- TURGOR REGULATION IN A NOVEL HALOMONAS SPECIES. ARCH MICROBIOL, 160(4), 319-323.
- MECHANISMS FOR CONTROLLING BALANCE BETWEEN LIGHT INPUT AND UTILIZATION IN THE SALT TOLERANT ALGA DUNALIELLA C9AA. PHOTOSYNTH RES, 32(3), 181-191.
- A mutant ofDunaliella parva CCAP 19/9 leaking large amounts of glycerol into the medium. Journal of Applied Phycology, 3(4), 367-372.
- PHYSIOLOGICAL-RESPONSE OF THE UNICELLULAR GREEN-ALGA CHLOROCOCCUM-SUBMARINUM TO RAPID CHANGES IN SALINITY. ARCH MICROBIOL, 157(1), 86-91.
- A MUTANT OF DUNALIELLA-PARVA CCAP 19/9 LEAKING LARGE AMOUNTS OF GLYCEROL INTO THE MEDIUM. J APPL PHYCOL, 3(4), 367-372.
- DETERMINATION OF INTRACELLULAR VOLUME AND INTERNAL SOLUTE CONCENTRATIONS OF THE GREEN-ALGA CHLOROCOCCUM-SUBMARINUM. ARCH MICROBIOL, 157(1), 80-85.
- THE MORPHOLOGY AND TAXONOMY OF CHLOROCOCCUM-SUBMARINUM (CHLOROCOCCALES) ISOLATED FROM A TIDAL ROCKPOOL. BRIT PHYCOL J, 26(2), 133-139.
- STRESS TOLERANCE OF THE TIDAL POOL CHLOROPHYTE, CHLOROCOCCUM-SUBMARINUM. BRIT PHYCOL J, 26(2), 141-147.
- COMMERCIAL USE OF MICROBE EXTREMOPHILES. CHEM IND-LONDON(9), 285-288.
- DETERMINATION OF VOLUME OF DUNALIELLA CELLS BY LITHIUM DILUTION MEASUREMENTS AND DERIVATION OF INTERNAL SOLUTE CONCENTRATIONS. J EXP BOT, 40(216), 795-802.
- Chapter One - Microalgae for biofuel production In Gadd GM & Sariaslani S (Ed.), Advances in Applied Microbiology (pp. 1-30). Elsevier View this article in WRRO
- Hydrothermal microwave pyrolysis of microalgae In Bridgwater AV (Ed.), Proceedings of the bioten conference on biomass, bioenergy and biofuels 2010 (pp. 647-653). Berkshire, UK: CPL Press.