Development of Finite Element Methods for Real-Time Surgical Simulation
Supervisor: Dr Z A Taylor

The potential impact of surgical simulators on medical training is comparable to that of flight simulators on pilot training. However, central to the effectiveness of any simulator as a training tool is its realism. Accurate and robust physical models of the organs and other soft tissues are therefore required to give realistic visual and haptic feedback to the user. And all of this must be achieved in real-time.

A key step in the simulation process is solution of the underlying mechanical model. The most widely used and reliable solution method is the finite element method, however it is computationally intensive (i.e. slow), and limits the size and complexity of the models that can be used. This project is about developing fast but reliable finite element algorithms that meet the demands of reliability and speed.
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