Professor Tim Skerry
BVet, Med, FRCVS, Cert, SAO, PhD
Department of Oncology and Metabolism
Professor of Orthopaedic Biology
+44 114 215 9026
Full contact details
Department of Oncology and Metabolism
FU19, F Floor
The Medical School
Beech Hill Road
- 2005 – Present: Professor of Orthopaedic Biology University of Sheffield;
- 2003 - 2005: Vice Principal Research RVC;
- 2001 – 2003: Head of Veterinary Basic Sciences; RVC
- 1995 – 2001: Professor of Cellular and Molecular Biology University of York;
- 1987 – 1995: Lecturer in Surgery, then Anatomy University of Bristol;
- 1984 – 1987: PhD Functional adaptation in bone;
- 1980 – 1986: Mixed practice, small animal practice, specialist orthopaedic practice;
- 1980: Veterinary Graduate RVC London.
- Research interests
After spending a considerable number of years researching the mechanisms behind the way that the skeleton responds to exercise, my interests have shifted substantially in recent years. Interest in the calcitonin family of hormones and receptors led to a project on understanding the roles of so-called receptor activity modifying proteins in bone (RAMPs). RAMPs are interesting accessory proteins that control the ligand selectivity of a small number of receptors. For example a calcitonin receptor (CTR) alone binds and responds primarily to the hormone calcitonin.
However, co-expression of the CTR with any of the 3 human RAMPs leads to the heteromeric receptor complex becoming a one of 3 distinct receptors for the hormone amylin. Similarly, the calcitonin like-receptor (CLR) which is an orphan becomes a CGRP receptor with RAMP1 and either an adrenomedullin 1 or 2 receptor with RAMPs 2 and 3 respectively.
We have studied the roles of the RAMPs in bone by assessing the skeletal phenotypes of RAMP KO mice and shown that there appears to be no overt phenotype in RAMP 1 KO mice, there is a haploid insufficiency phenotype in RAMP2 heterozygotes with delayed development and intracortical porosity. In RAMP3 mice though there is accelerated development and an increased response of the bones to mechanical loading.
Our work on RAMPs has taken us into other directions too. Exploration of the role of RAMPs with other receptors where there is no change in ligand selectivity but a role in trafficking the receptors to the cell surface resulted in a paper on the need for RAMP1 for trafficking of the calcium sensing-receptor in a cell line not engineered to overexpress the proteins.
However, the main focus of the lab is now on development of small molecule antagonists of the AM2 adrenomedullin receptor. AM is involved centrally in regulation of blood pressure but it is also a potent player in tumorigenesis, where it has innate tumour cell to tumour cell actions, and roles in which AM released by the tumour upregulates AM2R expression in host cells around the tumour.
As a broad spectrum AM antagonist would interfere with AM’s potent vasodilator effect, we cannot tractably use such an approach to block AM’s role in tumours. However, we have shown that the physiological roles of AM are maintained predominantly by the AM1 receptor (CLR+RAMP2) while the AM2 receptor (CLR+RAMP3) can be blocked without significant deleterious effects.
Our major research programme is now a Wellcome Trust funded drug discovery programme in which Dr Gareth Richards and I work with collaborators in Industry (Dr Karl Gibson, a modeller at Sandexis and Dr Matt Tozer formerly a medicinal chemist at Peakdale Molecular) and Professor Joe Harrity in the Department of Chemistry here in Sheffield to develop and optimise small molecule AM2R antagonists for cancer treatment.
- Novel Approaches to Treatment of Osteoporosis. Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
- Discovery of a first-in-class potent small molecule antagonist against the Adrenomedullin-2 receptor. ACS Pharmacology & Translational Science.
- Revealing hidden information in osteoblast’s mechanotransduction through analysis of time patterns of critical events. BMC Bioinformatics, 21(1). View this article in WRRO
- Heterogeneity in the mechanical properties of integrins determines mechanotransduction dynamics in bone osteoblasts. Scientific Reports, 9(1). View this article in WRRO
- Analysis of RAMP3 gene polymorphism with body composition and bone density in young and elderly women. Gene: X, 2. View this article in WRRO
- Early life vitamin D depletion alters the postnatal response to skeletal loading in growing and mature bone.. PLoS ONE, 13(1). View this article in WRRO
- Compound heterozygous variants in NBAS as a cause of atypical osteogenesis imperfecta.. BONE, 94, 65-74. View this article in WRRO
- Peak strain magnitudes and rates in the tibia exceed greatly those in the skull: An in vivo study in a human subject. Journal of Biomechanics, 48(12), 3292-3298. View this article in WRRO
- Inhibition of glutamate regulated calcium entry into leukemic megakaryoblasts reduces cell proliferation and supports differentiation. Cellular Signalling, 27(9), 1860-1872. View this article in WRRO
- Zinc‐Induced Effects on Osteoclastogenesis Involves Activation of Hyperpolarization‐Activated Cyclic Nucleotide Modulated Channels via Changes in Membrane Potential. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 30(9), 1618-1626.
- Modulation of Glucagon Receptor Pharmacology by Receptor Activity-modifying Protein-2 (RAMP2). Journal of Biological Chemistry, 290(38), 23009-23022. View this article in WRRO
- Role of receptor activity modifying protein 1 in function of the calcium sensing receptor in the human TT thyroid carcinoma cell line.. PLoS One, 9(1), e85237. View this article in WRRO
- Correction for Whitehouse et al., Neighbor of Brca1 gene (Nbr1) functions as a negative regulator of postnatal osteoblastic bone formation and p38 MAPK activity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110(11), 4428-4428.
- The P2Y13 receptor regulates extracellular ATP metabolism and the osteogenic response to mechanical loading.. J Bone Miner Res, 28(6), 1446-1456. View this article in WRRO
- Reduced bone turnover in mice lacking the P2Y13 receptor of ADP.. Mol Endocrinol, 26(1), 142-152. View this article in WRRO
- Research resource: Haploinsufficiency of receptor activity-modifying protein-2 (RAMP2) causes reduced fertility, hyperprolactinemia, skeletal abnormalities, and endocrine dysfunction in mice.. Mol Endocrinol, 25(7), 1244-1253.
- Analysis of mouse models with loss or mutations in Nbr1 demonstrate an age-dependent high bone mass due to altered osteoblast activity. Bone, 47, S43-S43.
- Neighbor of Brca1 gene (Nbr1) functions as a negative regulator of postnatal osteoblastic bone formation and p38 MAPK activity.. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 107(29), 12913-12918.
- Systemic and contralateral responses to loading of bones.. J Bone Miner Res, 24(4), 753.
- Role of Nbr1 in bone remodeling. Bone, 44(2), S296-S296.
- Ultrasound mimics the effect of mechanical loading on bone formation in vivo on rat ulnae. Med Eng Phys, 31(1), 42-47.
- The response of bone to mechanical loading and disuse: fundamental principles and influences on osteoblast/osteocyte homeostasis.. Arch Biochem Biophys, 473(2), 117-123.
- The role of glutamate in the regulation of bone mass and architecture.. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact, 8(2), 166-173.
- Mechanostat function during skeletal development. Journal of musculoskeletal & neuronal interactions, 8(1), 12.
- Absence of mechanical loading in utero influences bone mass and architecture but not innervation in Myod-Myf5-deficient mice. J Anat, 210(3), 259-271.
- One mechanostat or many? Modifications of the site-specific response of bone to mechanical loading by nature and nurture.. J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact, 6(2), 122-127.
- Microarray analysis of healing rat Achilles tendon: evidence for glutamate signaling mechanisms and embryonic gene expression in healing tendon tissue. Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 24(4), 842-855.
- Direct transformation from quiescence to bone formation in the adult periosteum following a single brief period of bone loading. (Reprinted from J Bone Miner Res, vol 3, pg 647-656, 1988). JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 20(1), 161-171.
- Expression of Semaphorin-3A and its receptors in endochondral ossification: potential role in skeletal development and innervation. Developmental dynamics : an official publication of the American Association of Anatomists, 234(2), 393-403.
- Sympathetic nervous system does not mediate the load-induced cortical new bone formation. Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 20(12), 2159-2168.
- Characterization of acetylcholinesterase expression and secretion during osteoblast differentiation. Bone, 35(4), 819-827.
- Mechanical loading: biphasic osteocyte survival and targeting of osteoclasts for bone destruction in rat cortical bone.. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol, 284(4), C934-C943.
- NMDA receptor-mediated regulation of human megakaryocytopoiesis. Blood, 102(4), 1254-1259.
- Investigation of the regulation of bone mass by mechanical loading: from quantitative cytochemistry to gene array. Cell Biochem Funct, 21(3), 223-229.
- Neurotransmitters in bone. Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions, 2(5), 401-403.
- Neurotransmitters in bone. Introduction. Journal of musculoskeletal & neuronal interactions, 2(5), 401-403.
- The NMDA type glutamate receptors expressed by primary rat osteoblasts have the same electrophysiological characteristics as neuronal receptors. Calcified tissue international, 70(3), 194-203.
- Neurotransmitter functions in bone remodeling. Journal of musculoskeletal & neuronal interactions, 2(3), 281.
- Absence of evidence is not evidence of absence. The shortcomings of the GLAST knockout mouse.. Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 16(9), 1729-1731.
- Mechanical strain rapidly activates osteoblastic protein kinase B (PKB): An upstream modulator of eNOS activity.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 16, S144-S144.
- Autocrine glutamate signaling regulates osteoblast apoptosis.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 16, S257-S257.
- Glutamatergic regulation of megakaryocyte function.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 16, S477-S477.
- Acetylcholinesterase: A secreted bone matrix protein regulated by osteogenic stimuli and mechanical loading.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 16, S190-S190.
- Calcium dependent protein kinase II activity is obligate for bone formation in vitro. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 16(6), 1180-1180.
- Phosphorylation of protein kinase B by mechanical strain in osteoblasts - A mechanism for activation of nitric oxide synthase in the adaptive response. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 16(6), 1179-1179.
- Differentiation-dependent regulation of presynaptic snare proteins implicated in glutamines signalling in osteoblasts. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 16(6), 1181-1181.
- The NMDA-type glutamate receptor antagonist MK801 regulates differentiation of non-adherent rat bone marrow osteoprogenitors.. BONE, 28(5), S75-S75.
- Activation of the protein kinase B (PKT/Akt) signalling pathway in osteoblasts by mechanical strain. BONE, 28(5), S92-S92.
- Long-term potentiation in bone: A cellular basis of memory in osteoblasts?. BONE, 28(5), S87-S87.
- Expression and differentiation-dependent regulation of the 'brain-specific', sodium-dependent inorganic phosphate cotransporter (BNPI) in osteoblasts.. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 16, S490-S490.
- Regulation of spontaneous glutamate release activity in osteoblastic cells and its role in differentiation and survival: evidence for intrinsic glutamatergic signaling in bone. The FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 15(9), 1586-1588.
- Evidence for targeted vesicular glutamate exocytosis in osteoblasts. Bone, 29(1), 16-23.
- Glutamate signalling in non-neuronal tissues. Trends in pharmacological sciences, 22(4), 174-181.
- The shortcomings of the GLAST knockout mouse. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 16(9), 1729-1730.
- Postmenopausal osteoporosis as a failure of bone's adaptation to functional loading: a hypothesis. Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 16(11), 1937-1947.
- Glutamate signalling in bone. Current pharmaceutical design, 7(8), 737-750.
- Osteoprotegerin inhibits the development of osteolytic bone disease in multiple myeloma.. Blood, 98(13), 3534-3540.
- Bone formation/resorption and osteoblast/adipocyte plasticity mediated by AMPA/kainate glutamate receptors in vitro and in vivo.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 15, S275-S275.
- Mechanisms for regulated uptake and release of glutamate by osteoblasts.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 15, S378-S378.
- The NMDA-type glutamate receptor antagonist MK801 regulates differentiation of rat bone marrow osteoprogenitors and influences adipogenesis.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 15, S272-S272.
- Regulated glutamate exocytosis is necessary for osteoblast differentiation and survival in vitro.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 15, S378-S378.
- Glutamate: A Potential Regulator of Keratinocyte Phenotype. Biochemical Society Transactions, 28(3), A82-A82.
- Expression of functional NMDA receptors in rat femoral osteoblasts in primary culture. JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON, 523, 155P-155P.
- Non-neuronal glutamate signalling pathways. Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets, 4(3), 333-345.
- Glutamate signalling in bone: A therapeutic target for osteoporosis?. Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets, 4(2), 207-218.
- Bone to pick. New Scientist, 168(2263), 54.
- Bone to pick. New Scientist, 168(2263), 64-64.
- Best5: a novel interferon-inducible gene expressed during bone formation. The FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 14(3), 523-531.
- Glutamate signaling in bone: A role in mechanosensing, bone formation and bone resorption.. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 15(4), 822-822.
- Tetracyclines induce apoptosis in osteoclasts.. Bone, 27(1), 75-80.
- Subcellular distribution and membrane targeting of NMDA-Type glutamate receptors in osteoblasts.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 14, S241-S241.
- Stimulation of osteoblast differentiation and bone formation in vitro and in vivo by notch receptor-ligand interactions.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 14, S172-S172.
- Functional GLAST; An essential molecular link in glutamatergic signalling during osteoblast differentiation. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 14(6), 1033-1033.
- Ex vivo - the third way. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 14(6), 1057-1057.
- c-FOS dependent and independent AP-1 translocation induced by NMDA, AMPA and kainate glutamate receptors in bone. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 14(6), 1041-1041.
- Effects of the NSAIDs meloxicam and indomethacin on cartilage proteoglycan synthesis and joint responses to calcium pyrophosphate crystals in dogs.. Vet Res Commun, 23(2), 101-113.
- Localization of ADAM10 and Notch receptors in bone. Bone, 25(1), 9-15.
- Differential regulation of syndecan expression by osteosarcoma cell lines in response to cytokines but not osteotropic hormones. Bone, 24(6), 571-578.
- Evidence for a novel glutamate-mediated signaling pathway in keratinocytes. The Journal of investigative dermatology, 112(3), 337-342.
- Osteoblast-derived acetylcholinesterase: a novel mediator of cell-matrix interactions in bone?. Bone, 24(4), 297-303.
- Functional characterization of N-methyl-D-aspartic acid-gated channels in bone cells. Bone, 25(6), 631-637.
- Expression of a functional N-methyl-D-aspartate-type glutamate receptor by bone marrow megakaryocytes. Blood, 93(9), 2876-2883.
- Joint immobilization reduces synovial fluid hyaluronan concentration and is accompanied by changes in the synovial intimal cell populations. Rheumatology (Oxford, England), 38(11), 1108-1112.
- Switching of keratinocyte phenotype by a novel glutamate signalling pathway analogous to synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 112(4), 563-563.
- Identification of novel signaling pathways during functional adaptation of the skeleton to mechanical loading: the role of glutamate as a paracrine signaling agent in the skeleton. Journal of bone and mineral metabolism, 17(1), 66-70.
- The glutamate receptor antagonist MK801 modulates bone resorption in vitro by a mechanism predominantly involving osteoclast differentiation.. FASEB J, 13(15), 2179-2185.
- Best5: A novel interferon stimulated gene (ISG) expressed during bone formation.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 13(9), 1501-1501.
- Vesicular trafficking and release mechanisms in osteoblasts. Putative role in glutamate signalling?. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 13(9), 1501-1501.
- Co-expression of ADAM10 and notch receptors suggests metalloproteinase activity in bone and cartilage.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 13(9), 1504-1504.
- Intracortical remodeling in adult rat long bones after fatigue loading. Bone, 23(3), 275-281.
- Expression of an N-methyl-D-aspartate-type receptor by human and rat osteoblasts and osteoclasts suggests a novel glutamate signaling pathway in bone. Bone, 22(6), 645-649.
- Whole-cell membrane currents from human osteoblast-like cells. Calcified tissue international, 62(2), 122-132.
- Syndecan expression by osteosarcoma cell lines is regulated by cytokines but not osteotropic hormones. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 12(9), P20-P20.
- Glutamate receptor activation is necessary for bone formation in vitro. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 12(9), O10-O10.
- ''Unloading'' exercise increases bone formation in rats. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 12(9), O6-O6.
- N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR1) transcript heterogeneity in bone cells. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 12, S235-S235.
- Mechanical loading and bone: what sort of exercise is beneficial to the skeleton?. Bone, 20(3), 179-181.
- Mechanically regulated expression of a neural glutamate transporter in bone: a role for excitatory amino acids as osteotropic agents?. Bone, 20(3), 199-205.
- O4. Comparison of physiological strains in the human skull and tibia. Bone, 19(6), 686-686.
- P52. Ovariectomy causes profound bone loss from the tibiae but not the calvariae of rats. Bone, 19(6), 699-699.
- NMDA and AMPA type glutamate receptors in bone. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 11(11), P32-P32.
- Regulation of gene expression in bone by mechanical loading. International Journal of Experimental Pathology, 77(6).
- Architectural modifications and cellular response during disuse-related bone loss in calcaneus of the sheep. Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md : 1985), 80(1), 198-202.
- Constitutive in vivo mRNA expression by osteocytes of beta-actin, osteocalcin, connexin-43, IGF-I, c-fos and c-jun, but not TNF-alpha nor tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase. Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 11(3), 350-357.
- Thyroparathyroidectomy reduces ovariectomy-induced trabecular bone loss in the adult rat tibia. Bone, 17(6), 581-581.
- Expression of a glutamate/aspartate transporter (glast) in osteocytes. A role for excitatory amino acids as paracrine osteotropic agents?. Bone, 17(6), 568-568.
- PTH receptor binding on osteocytes in cortical and trabecular bone. Bone, 17(6), 562-562.
- View this article in WRRO Dual role for the latent transforming growth factor-beta binding protein in storage of latent TGF-beta in the extracellular matrix and as a structural matrix protein. The Journal of Cell Biology, 131(2), 539-549.
- Candidate genes in the osteocyte response to mechanical loading in vivo. Bone, 17(3), 319-319.
- NOVEL GENES REGULATED BY MECHANICAL LOADING OF BONE IN-VIVO INCLUDE A GLUTAMATE ASPARTATE TRANSPORTER (GLAST) PROTEIN. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 10, S332-S332.
- REGULATION OF PARATHYROID-HORMONE BINDING IN-VIVO BY BOTH DISUSE AND PARATHYROIDECTOMY. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 10, S482-S482.
- REGIONAL DIFFERENCES IN HUMAN BONE STRAIN IN-VIVO. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 10, S443-S443.
- Effects of elcatonin, etidronate and indomethacin on bone resorption rate in growing rats. Bone, 16(6), 685-685.
- PTH/PTHrP receptor mRNA expression on forming but not resorbing surfaces in growing rat ulnae. Bone, 16(6), 680-680.
- Interruption of disuse by short duration walking exercise does not prevent bone loss in the sheep calcaneus. Bone, 16(2), 269-274.
- Inhibition of bone resorption and stimulation of formation by mechanical loading of the modeling rat ulna in vivo. Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 10(5), 683-689.
- PTH/PTHrP receptor expression on osteoblasts and osteocytes but not resorbing bone surfaces in growing rats. Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 10(12), 1935-1943.
- Ineffectiveness of calcitonin on a local-disuse osteoporosis in the sheep: a histomorphometric study. Calcified tissue international, 57(3), 224-228.
- O9. Inhibition of osteoclastic resorption in vivo during the reversal phase of the bone remodelling cycle. Bone, 15(6), 731-731.
- P12. Formation and resorption in the modelling rat ulna. Bone, 15(4), 454-455.
- P13. Electrophysiological responses of cultured osteoblasts to PTH vitamin D and oestrogen. Bone, 15(4), 455-455.
- THE MEMBRANE CURRENTS OF HUMAN OSTEOBLAST-LIKE CELLS FROM THE MG63 CELL-LINE. JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-LONDON, 476P, P59-P59.
- P24. Differences in gene expression in growing bone. Bone, 15(2), 235-236.
- CONSERVATIVE AND SURGICAL-TREATMENT OF CANINE ACETABULAR FRACTURES - A REVIEW OF 34 CASES. JOURNAL OF SMALL ANIMAL PRACTICE, 35(3), 139-143.
- POTASSIUM AND CALCIUM CHANNELS IN CULTURED HUMAN OSTEOBLAST-LIKE CELLS. BIOPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 66(2), A325-A325.
- The effects of the inflammatory response on bone growth. European journal of clinical nutrition, 48 Suppl 1, S190-S198.
- Intramembranous trabecular generation in normal bone. Bone and mineral, 25(3), 211-230.
- DIFFERENCES IN PERIOSTEAL AND TRABECULAR GENE-EXPRESSION IN GROWING BONE. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 8, S198-S198.
- Immobilisation induced bone loss in the sheep is not modulated by calcitonin treatment. Bone, 14(3), 511-516.
- TRABECULAR REGENERATION IN BONE DEFECTS. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, 7, S176-S176.
- Immobilization induced trabecular bone loss is not modulated by calcitonin treatment. Bone, 13(5), A31-A31.
- Ovariectomy reduces uptake of calcium in vivo by the tibia and vertebral body but not the calvaria. Bone and Mineral, 17, 164-164.
- P45. Short term disuse promotes skeletal uptake of calcium. Bone, 13(1), 118-118.
- Modulation of bone loss during disuse by pulsed electromagnetic fields. Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 9(4), 600-608.
- SUCCESSFUL MANAGEMENT OF A PROLAPSED INTERVERTEBRAL-DISK IN A SIAMESE CAT. FELINE PRACTICE, 18(1), 7-9.
- Load-induced proteoglycan orientation in bone tissue in vivo and in vitro. Calcified tissue international, 46(5), 318-326.
- P14. The effects of direct loading versus hydrostatic pressure on proteoglycan orientation in bone. Bone, 10(2), 151-151.
- Early strain-related changes in enzyme activity in osteocytes following bone loading in vivo. Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 4(5), 783-788.
- EARLY CELLULAR-RESPONSES IN LOAD-RELATED ADAPTIVE BONE REMODELING. BONE, 9(4), 255-255.
- PROTEOGLYCAN REORIENTATION IN RESPONSE TO APPLIED BONE LOADING, A POSSIBLE SIGNAL FOR BONE REMODELING. BONE, 9(4), 264-264.
- Direct transformation from quiescence to bone formation in the adult periosteum following a single brief period of bone loading. Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 3(6), 647-656.
- Loading-related reorientation of bone proteoglycan in vivo. Strain memory in bone tissue?. Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society, 6(4), 547-551.
- Increased 3H-uridine levels in osteocytes following a single short period of dynamic bone loading in vivo. Calcified tissue international, 43(2), 92-96.
- Role of receptor activity modifying protein 3 in the response of bone to mechanical loading. Bone Abstracts.
- Role of receptor activity modifying proteins in skeletal regulation. Bone Abstracts.
- Expression of calcium sensing receptor and receptor activity modifying proteins in cells involved in calcium homeostasis and fluorescence resonance energy transfer based stoichiometric analysis of their interactions. Frontiers in Endocrinology, 2.
- Accelerated skeletal development and high bone mass in mice lacking RAMP3. Frontiers in Endocrinology, 2.
- Novel regulation steps in parathyroid receptor activation. Frontiers in Endocrinology, 2.
- Nitric oxide activates matrix metalloproteinases indirectly in human articular chondrocytes. International Journal of Experimental Pathology, 81(1), A17-A17.
- Mechanosensing in Bone and the Role of Glutamate Signalling, Mechanosensing Biology (pp. 181-191). Springer Japan
- Bone Cells and Bone Remodelling in Rheumatoid Arthritis, Mechanisms and Models in Rheumatoid Arthritis (pp. 205-220). Elsevier
- Skeletal strain and the maintenance of bone mass, Proceedings of the First International Conference on Interfaces in Medicine and Mechanics (pp. 167-172). Springer Netherlands
- Models for mechanical loading of hone and hone cells in vivo and in vitro, Methods in Bone Biology (pp. 149-176). Springer US
Conference proceedings papers
- NBAS variants causing a novel form of inherited bone fragility. Bone Abstracts, Vol. 6(2017). Bristol, UK, 10 June 2017 - 13 June 2017. View this article in WRRO
- TIMING OF EATING POTENTIATES THE EFFECT OF MECHANICAL LOADING ON BONE. OSTEOPOROSIS INTERNATIONAL, Vol. 28 (pp S466-S467)
- Feeding after overnight fast enhances bone’s response to mechanical loading in mice. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, Vol. 31(S1) (pp S403-S403). USA, 16 September 2016 - 19 September 2016. View this article in WRRO
- Mice Lacking NMDA Receptor Expression in Osteoblasts Have Pronounced Vertebral Bone Abnormalities. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, Vol. 23 (pp S87-S87)
- The Pacemaker Channel, HCN, Controls Functions of Osteoclasts.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, Vol. 23 (pp S267-S267)
- The cognition enhancer aniracetam increases the number of osteoblastic colonies in MSC cultures when combined with fluid shear stress. CALCIFIED TISSUE INT, Vol. 80 (pp S85-S85)
- Microarray analysis of bones from Myod Myf5 null mice to identify genes regulated in bone by disuse.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, Vol. 21 (pp S373-S373)
- Intrauterine programming of skeletal development. PEDIATRIC RESEARCH, Vol. 58(5) (pp 1045-1045)
- Repetitions of mechanical loading potentiate bone cellular responses by a mechanism involving NMDA type glutamate receptors. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, Vol. 20(9) (pp S25-S25)
- HCN2 ion channels regulate bone development, mass and strength.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, Vol. 20(9) (pp S62-S62)
- Microarray analysis of healing rat Achilles tendon: Evidence for glutamate signalling mechanisms and embryonic gene expression in healing tendon tissue. Journal of Orthopaedic Research
- Intrauterine programming of skeletal development. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, Vol. 20(7) (pp 1299-1299)
- Glutamate signalling regulates skeletogenesis and bone growth.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, Vol. 19 (pp S212-S213)
- Sciatic denervation increases load-induced cortical new bone formation independently of the sympathetic nervous system.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, Vol. 19 (pp S38-S38)
- Increased osteoblastic differentiation in cultured marrow cells after blood loss or surgery. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, Vol. 19(6) (pp 1048-1048)
- Neurotransmitters in bone: New players in bone physiology. OSTEOPOROSIS INTERNATIONAL, Vol. 15 (pp S2-S2)
- Glutamate signalling and LTP-like mechanisms account for loading memory in osteoblasts.. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, Vol. 19 (pp S10-S10)
- Glutamate signalling via AMPA receptors regulates cell survival during embryonic mesenchymal cell differentiation. Bone, Vol. 34 (pp S5-S6)
- Nbr1 mutant mice exhibit age dependent increases in bone volume and mass. Bone, Vol. 34 (pp S15-S16)
- Anaesthetics Effect the Osteogenic Response to Mechanical Loading. Calcified tissue international, Vol. 74 (pp S54-S55)
- Investigation of the regulation of bone mass by mechanical loading: from quantitative cytochemistry to gene array. CELL BIOCHEMISTRY AND FUNCTION, Vol. 21(3) (pp 223-229)
- Ultrasound mimics the effect of mechanical loading in vivo on rat ulnae and bone marrow cells.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, Vol. 18 (pp S217-S217)
- Regulation of bone resorption and formation through the cell-surface processing of RANKL and Jagged-1. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, Vol. 18(7) (pp 1361-1361)
- MyoD/Myf5 null mice cannot move actively in utero and have thin weak long bones and no rib development.. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, Vol. 17 (pp S170-S170)
- AMPA type glutamate receptors regulate osteoblast/adipocyte plasticity and bone formation. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, Vol. 17(7) (pp 1327-1327)
- Interactions between estrogen and glutamate signalling pathways. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, Vol. 17(7) (pp 1331-1331)
- Mechanical influences on skeletal development in utero. JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH, Vol. 17(7) (pp 1324-1324)
- Differences in nitric oxide modulated matrix metalloproteinase activity in chondrocytes and synoviocytes. J BONE MINER RES, Vol. 12(9) (pp P18-P18)
- Inhibition of bone resorption by the glutamate receptor antagonist MK-801 through suppression of osteoclast differentiation.. J BONE MINER RES, Vol. 12 (pp T379-T379)
- Glutamate receptors in bone cells suggest a paracrine role for excitatory amino acids in regulation of the skeleton?. J BONE MINER RES, Vol. 11 (pp P202-P202)
- Research group
Members of research group
- Dr Gareth Richards (Co-Investigator)
- Dr Ning Wang
- Jasmine Samvelyan
- Jess Warrington
- Paris Avgoustou
- Ameera Jailani
- Hind Naffadi
- Jo Holmes
- Kamilla Bigos
- Ewan Lilley
- Professional activities
External UK Research-Related Activities
- Member of MRC industrial studentships committee