EU sanctions: New video explores why they matter
Prime Minister David Cameron has claimed Brexit could make it harder to combat Russian aggression in Eastern Europe – but is this the case?
A new video released today (7 June 2016) by the University of Sheffield and ShoutOut UK explores the role of EU sanctions, why they matter and the impact they have had on Russia.
It is the first of three short films by Dr Paul James Cardwell, of the University’s School of Law, which are part of the UK in a Changing Europe initiative.
Dr Cardwell said: “EU sanctions are properly called restrictive measures and these are measures which are put in place by law by the European Union and its member states which target either a country outside the EU – such as Russia, Iran and North Korea – or individuals, wherever they are in the world, who are suspected of involvement in terrorism.
“Sanctions can be effective but sometimes to measure that effect is very difficult. They can often take a very long time to have any effect – for example, in the case of Myanmar it’s only recently the sanctions regime has been lifted after being in place for many years. So it can be difficult to pinpoint whether it’s the sanctions themselves that have promoted change or the danger is sometimes they can affect people in the country they were not intended to, for example the poorest in society.”
He added: “Sometimes the threat of sanctions is enough to change the behaviour of a state, for example if it’s been acting in a threatening way. But pinpointing exactly the reasons for doing so can be very difficult.
“David Cameron has been clear in the case of Russia and Iran the UK pushed for sanctions, so we can see there is a synergy between UK and EU foreign policy. If the UK left the EU the UK would be able to place sanctions itself but it would be much less effective as a one member state than 28.”
The video features interviews with University of Sheffield students about their views on EU sanctions and Nicholas Cobb, Chair of the Westminster-Russia Forum. He explains the “profound” impact EU sanctions have had on Russians and the Russian economy.
Dr Cardwell added: “If the UK left the European Union it would be able to place sanctions as it decided on any country around the world, but it’s clear that as a member state you get a far more effective foreign policy measure of sanctions on a third country than the UK acting alone.”
The next videos by Dr Cardwell will explore democracy promotion and migration.
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