Plagiarism & Unfair Means

Plagiarism

The following examples of unfair means are serious academic offences and may result in severe penalties, up to and including expulsion from the University.

Plagiarism, intentional or otherwise

is using ideas or work of another person (including experts and other students) without proper acknowledgement. It is considered dishonest and unprofessional. Plagiarism may take the form of cutting and pasting, taking or closely paraphrasing ideas, passages, sections, sentences, paragraphs, drawings, graphs and other graphical material from books, articles, internet sites or any other source (including lecture handouts) and submitting them for assessment without appropriate acknowledgement.

Submitting bought or commissioned work

(For example from internet sites, essay "banks" or "mills") is an extremely serious form of plagiarism. This may take the form of buying or commissioning either the whole assignment or part of it and implies a clear intention to deceive the examiners. The University also takes an extremely serious view of any student who sells, offers to sell or passes on their own assignments to other students.

Double submission (self-plagiarism)

is resubmitting work for which credit has already been given (without proper acknowledgement). This may take the form of copying either the whole assignment or part of it.

Collusion

is where people work together to produce a piece of work, all or part of which is then submitted by each of them as their own individual work. This includes passing on work in any format to another student. It is not collusion when students involved in group work are encouraged to work together to produce a single piece of work as part of the assessment process. Nor is it collusion for students to discuss their ideas among themselves or read each other's drafts--though if you end up using an idea you owe to another student, you should acknowledge this in the essay.

A University tutorial on what counts as plagiarism and how to avoid it is available here.

Unfair Means

Other types of unfair means include:

Submitting bought or commissioned work (e.g. from internet sites, essay “banks” or “mills”) is an extremely serious form of plagiarism. This may take the form of buying or commissioning either the whole assignment or part of it and implies a clear intention to deceive the examiners.