Masters Modules.

Political Participation and Representation

This module focuses on the interaction between citizens and the formal structures of government. It does this through a discussion of: the formation of public opinion; the drivers of (and trends in) political participation; influences on electoral behaviour; electoral systems; party competition; and the operation and effects of party campaign and communication strategies. While we focus primarily on established democracies, we take a comparative approach and draw on the latest research and evidence throughout. On this module you will engage with the key debates in the field and will have opportunities to carry out your own analyses.


This module is typically taught through a varied weekly programme of lectures, seminars and problem-solving classes over the 12-week semester.


  • The module is typically assessed through two pieces of individual coursework.