Dr Fuschia Sirois, PhD, BSc
Department of Psychology
University of Sheffield
Floor G, Cathedral Court
1 Vicar Lane, Sheffield
Tel: (+44) (0)114 2226552
Research Gate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Fuschia_Sirois
Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.ca/citations?user=C4sFolgAAAAJ&hl=en
2003: PhD Social/Health Psychology (Carleton University)
1998: MA Social/Health Psychology (Carleton University)
1996: BA (Hons) Psychology (University of Ottawa)
1995: BSc (Hons) Biochemistry/Nutrition (University of Ottawa)
At the broadest level, my research interests fall under the umbrella of health and well-being. More specifically, I am interested in understanding the psychological factors and qualities that may confer risk or resilience for physical health and well-being related outcomes through their links to self-regulation, emotions, and temporal orientations. The outcomes I study range from stress and health behaviours, to physical illness symptoms, chronic illness, and the treatment-related behaviours people engage in to manage their physical health. My work draws upon several theoretical perspectives to address these issues including classic social cognition models of health behavior change, and my own recently developed Self-regulation resource model which links affective states to temporal orientations for understanding when and why people may be more or less effective at regulating their behavior.
Procrastination and perfectionism as risk factors for health and well-being
My research on personality as a risk factor has focused primarily on two related traits, procrastination and perfectionism, and their potential roles in compromising health and well-being. Over the past 14 years my research has systematically investigated the health-related consequences of chronic procrastination. This research has focused on testing and extending the procrastination-health model (Sirois, 2007; Sirois, et al., 2003) to better understand the perils of procrastination for health. My recent research in this area has focused on understanding the temporal myopia associated with procrastination and how it makes this trait a vulnerability factor for poor adjustment to and management of chronic conditions such as hypertension and heart disease. More recently my research has included a focus on understanding how and why perfectionism may relate to health outcomes, such as health-promoting behaviours and adjustment to chronic health conditions such as chronic fatigue syndrome.
Self-compassion and gratitude as resilience factors
Mounting evidence supports the benefits of self-compassion and gratitude for well-being. But what about for physical health? Research understanding how these resilience related qualities may also be of benefit in physical health contexts is extremely limited. My current research has sought to address this gap by examining the role self-compassion and gratitude for enhancing physical health related outcomes such as engaging in health-promoting behaviours and adjusting to stressful chronic health conditions such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, and inflammatory bowel disease.
Role of time perspective and temporal self-perceptions in health and well-being
A common thread in my research focuses on understanding how different temporal views can create risk or resilience for health and well-being through their connections to self-regulation. I am particularly interested in the dynamic interplay of affective states and temporal orientations for replenishing or depleting self-regulation capacities as outlined by my Self-regulation resource model (Sirois, 2015a, 2015b, 2015c). I am also interested in temporal self-continuity and how the relationship to the future self is implicated in the regulation of present emotional states and behaviours as they relate to health outcomes.
Psychological Factors in Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) Use
For over 14 years I have applied psychological theory to understanding decision-making and treatment response in the context of using CAM. This research, which initially started with investigating the motivations for initial and continued use of CAM (Sirois & Gick, 2002), has evolved into a research program focused on understanding how people become committed to including CAM as part of their health-care repertoire and the role of personality and self-perceptions in CAM treatment decisions and outcomes.
Key Research Funding
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). Mask, L. & Sirois, F. M. Looking out the window or looking in the mirror?: The role of social and temporal comparisons in middleaged women’s body image evaluations and attitudes toward aging. 2015-2017. $60,071 CDN.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR). Levasseur, M., Larivière, N., Filiatrault, J., Provencher, V., Couturier, Y., Sirois, F. M., Corriveau, H., & Champoux, N. Lifestyle Redesign: une intervention ergothérapique pour optimiser la santé et le mieux-être des aînés. 2014-2015. $99,496 CDN.
Massage Therapy Research Fund of the College of Massage Therapists of Ontario Sirois, F. M., Drumheller, A., Lebrun, A., & Cloutier, H. The effects of massage therapy on the anxiety and sleep quality of individuals with fibromyalgia: A pilot study. 2013-2015. $17,850 CDN
Bishop’s University Senate Research Committee. Sirois, F. M. Embracing the Future Self: An Investigation of Procrastination, Empathy, and Temporal Self-Regulation. 2014-2015. $8,500 CDN
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). Sirois, F. M. How is procrastination bad for your health? Situational and dispositional perspectives on the role of stress and health behaviours. 2005-2009. $101,143 CDN
Teaching and Administrative Duties
Currently I am the departmental Coordinator of Teaching.
I lecture in PSY103 (Psychology at Sheffield), PSY110 (Essential Social Psychology), and PSY246 (Social, Health and Environmental Psychology), and I am a tutor for PSY259
Current Postgraduate Students
- Associate Editor of BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, and BMC Public Health
- Member of the Editorial Board of the European Journal of Integrative Medicine
- Former Tier II Canada Research Chair in Health and Well-Being (2011-2015)
- Member of the Editorial Board of the Anxiety, Stress, & Coping
Recent Media Coverage
Many of the topics I research are popular with the media and accordingly, my research has been featured more than 100 times on television, radio, and in various national, and international print and online publications including:
To Stop Procrastinating, Start by Understanding the Emotions Involved
Wall Street Journal, August 31, 2015
The Reason You Make Unhealthy Choices
Time.com, September 25, 2014
Can Self-Compassion Overcome Procrastination?
GreaterGood, July 16, 2014
Procrastination Is Literally Killing You
Fast Company, April 7, 2015
Procrastination Is Not Great for Your Heart
NY Magazine, March 26, 2015
Why putting off big decisions could give you a heart attack
Daily Mail, March 30, 2015
Self-Imposed Deadlines Don't Stop Procrastination. Here's What Might.
Fast Company, March 26, 2014
To Stop Procrastinating, Look to the Science of Mood Repair
Wall Street Journal, January 7, 2014
Why Wait? The Science Behind Procrastination
Observer, Association for Psychological Science, April 2013
The Surprising Ingredient Your New Year’s Resolution Needs to Succeed
Health US News.com, December 31, 2015
New Edited Volume on Perfectionism, Health, and Well-Being
This book brings together the world’s leading perfectionism researchers and theorists to present their latest findings and ideas on how and why perfectionism may confer risks or benefits for health and well-being, as well as the contexts which may shape these relationships. In addition to providing an overview of the latest research in this field, this volume explores new conceptual models that may help further our understanding of when, how, and why perfectionism may be implicated in health and well-being.
A list of key publications can be found below. For a full list of publications.
- Taylor SE & Sirois FM (2014) Health Psychology. McGraw-Hill Ryerson.
- Taylor SE & Sirois FM (2012) Health Psychology. McGraw-Hill Ryerson.
- Taylor SE & Sirois FM (2008) Health Psychology.
- Sirois F, Toussaint L, HIrsch J, Kohls N, Weber A & Offenbächer M (2019) Trying to be perfect in an imperfect world: A person-centred test of perfectionism and health in fibromyalgia patients versus healthy controls. Personality and Individual Differences, 137, 27-32. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois F, Bogels S & Emerson L (2018) Self-compassion improves parental well-being in response to challenging parenting events. Journal of Psychology. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois F, Bann C & Walsh E (2018) The role of mind-body awareness in the outcomes of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). European Journal of Integrative Medicine, 22, 37-43. View this article in WRRO
- Neff K, Tóth-Király I, Yarnell L, Arimitsu K, Castilho P, Ghorbani N, Guo H, Hirsch J, Hupfield J, Hutz C, Kotsou I, Lee W, Montero-Marin J, Sirois F, de Souza L, Svendsen J, Wilkinson L & Mantzios M (2018) Examining the factor structure of the Self-Compassion Scale in 20 diverse samples: Support for use of a total score and six subscale scores. Psychological Assessment. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois F, Nauts S & Molnar D (2018) Self-compassion and bedtime procrastination: An emotion regulation perspective. Mindfulness. View this article in WRRO
- Baird H, Webb T, Martin J & Sirois F (2018) The Relationship Between a Balanced Time Perspective and Self-monitoring of Blood Glucose Among People With Type 1 Diabetes. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois F & Hirsch J (2018) Self-Compassion and Adherence in Five Medical Samples: the Role of Stress. Mindfulness. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois F, Jiang L & Upchurch D (2018) Use and Disclosure of Complementary Health Approaches in US Adults With Cardiovascular Disease. The American Journal of Cardiology. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois F & Giguère B (2018) Giving in when feeling less good: Procrastination, action control, and social temptations.. British Journal of Social Psychology. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois F & Iyer A (2018) “At least David Cameron resigned”: The protective effects of just-world beliefs for counterfactual thinking after Brexit. Personality and Individual Differences, 121, 25-30. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois F & Molnar D (2017) Perfectionistic strivings and concerns are differentially associated with self-rated health beyond negative affect. Journal of Research in Personality, 70, 73-83. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois F, Riess L & Upchurch D (2017) Implicit Reasons for Disclosure of the Use of Complementary Health Approaches (CHA): a Consumer Commitment Perspective. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 51(5), 764-774. View this article in WRRO
- Homan K & Sirois F (2017) Self-compassion and physical health: Exploring the roles of perceived stress and health-promoting behaviors. Health Psychology Open, 4(2). View this article in WRRO
- Hirsch J, Sirois F, Visser P, Brooks B, Kohls N, Offenbacher M & Toussaint L (2017) Perceived Stigma and Health-Related Quality of Life in the Working Uninsured: Does Thwarted Belongingness Play a Role?. Stigma and Health. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois F & Hirsch J (2017) A longitudinal study of the profiles of psychological thriving, resilience, and loss in people with inflammatory bowel disease. British Journal of Health Psychology. View this article in WRRO
- Kristoffersen A, Sirois F, Stube T & Hansen A (2017) Prevalence and predictors of complementary and alternative medicine use among people with coronary heart disease or at risk for this in the sixth Tromsø study: a comparative analysis using protection motivation theory. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2017(17). View this article in WRRO
- Toussaint L, Sirois F, Hirsch JK, Weber A, Vajda C, Schelling JC, Kohls N & Offenbächer M (2017) Gratitude mediates quality of life differences between fibromyalgia patients and healthy controls. Quality of Life Research. View this article in WRRO
- Baird HM, Webb TL, Martin J & Sirois FM (2017) The relationship between time perspective and self-regulatory processes, abilities and outcomes: a protocol for a meta-analytical review. BMJ Open, 7(6). View this article in WRRO
- Sirois F, Molnar DS & Hirsch JK (2017) A Meta-analytic and Conceptual Update on the Associations Between Procrastination and Multidimensional Perfectionism. European Journal of Personality, 31(2), 137-159. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois F & Wood AM (2017) Gratitude Uniquely Predicts Lower Depression in Chronic Illness Populations: A Longitudinal Study of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Arthritis. Health Psychology, 36(2), 122-132. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois F & Rowse G (2016) The role of self-compassion in chronic illness care. Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management, 23(11), 521-527. View this article in WRRO
- Offenbaecher M, Dezutter J, Kohls N, Sigl C, Vallejo M, Rivera J, Bauerdorf F, Schelling J, Vincent A, Hirsch J, Sirois F & Toussaint L (2016) Struggling with Adversities of Life: The Role of Forgiveness in Patients Suffering from Fibromyalgia. Clinical Journal of Pain. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois F, Millings A & Hirsch J (2016) Insecure attachment orientation and well-being in emerging adults: The roles of perceived social support and fatigue. Personality and Individual Differences, 101, 318-321. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM & Gick ML (2016) An appraisal-based coping model of attachment and adjustment to arthritis. Journal of Health Psychology, 21(5), 821-831. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM, Salamonsen A & Kristoffersen AE (2016) Reasons for continuing use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) in students: a consumer commitment model. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 16(1). View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM, van Eerde W & Argiropoulou MI (2015) Is procrastination related to sleep quality? Testing an application of the procrastination���health model. Cogent Psychology, 2(1). View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM & Hirsch JK (2015) Big Five traits, affect balance and health behaviors: A self-regulation resource perspective. Personality and Individual Differences, 87, 59-64. View this article in WRRO
- (2015) Less Adaptive or More Maladaptive? A Meta-analytic Investigation of Procrastination and Coping. European Journal of Personality, 29(4), 433-444. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM, Kitner R & Hirsch JK (2015) Self-compassion, affect, and health-promoting behaviors.. Health Psychology, 34(6), 661-669. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM (2015) Is procrastination a vulnerability factor for hypertension and cardiovascular disease? Testing an extension of the procrastination–health model. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 38(3), 578-589. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM (2015) A self-regulation resource model of self-compassion and health behavior intentions in emerging adults. Preventive Medicine Reports, 2, 218-222. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM, Molnar DS & Hirsch JK (2015) Self-Compassion, Stress, and Coping in the Context of Chronic Illness. Self and Identity, 14(3), 334-347. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM (2014) Absorbed in the moment? An investigation of procrastination, absorption and cognitive failures. Personality and Individual Differences, 71, 30-34. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM & Molnar DS (2014) Perfectionism and Maladaptive Coping Styles in Patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Fibromyalgia/Arthritis and in Healthy Controls. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 83(6), 384-385. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM (2014) Out of Sight, Out of Time? A Meta-analytic Investigation of Procrastination and Time Perspective. European Journal of Personality, 28(5), 511-520. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM (2014) Procrastination and Stress: Exploring the Role of Self-compassion. Self and Identity, 13(2), 128-145. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM & Hirsch JK (2013) Associations of psychological thriving with coping efficacy, expectations for future growth, and depressive symptoms over time in people with arthritis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 75(3), 279-286. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois F & Pychyl T (2013) Procrastination and the Priority of Short-Term Mood Regulation: Consequences for Future Self. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7(2), 115-127. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM & Tosti N (2012) Lost in the Moment? An Investigation of Procrastination, Mindfulness, and Well-being. Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 30(4), 237-248. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM, Monforton J & Simpson M (2010) “If Only I Had Done Better”: Perfectionism and the Functionality of Counterfactual Thinking. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36(12), 1675-1692. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM (2009) Editorial: Psychological Adjustment to Inflammatory Bowel Disease: The Importance of Considering Disease Activity. The American Journal of Gastroenterology, 104(12), 2970-2972. View this article in WRRO
- Voth J & Sirois FM (2009) The role of self-blame and responsibility in adjustment to inflammatory bowel disease.. Rehabilitation Psychology, 54(1), 99-108. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM (2008) Motivations for consulting complementary and alternative medicine practitioners: A comparison of consumers from 1997–8 and 2005. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 8(1). View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM (2007) “I’ll look after my health, later”: A replication and extension of the procrastination–health model with community-dwelling adults. Personality and Individual Differences, 43(1), 15-26. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM (2004) Procrastination and intentions to perform health behaviors: The role of self-efficacy and the consideration of future consequences. Personality and Individual Differences, 37(1), 115-128. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM (2004) Procrastination and counterfactual thinking: Avoiding what might have been. British Journal of Social Psychology, 43(2), 269-286. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM, Melia-Gordon ML & Pychyl TA (2003) “I'll look after my health, later”: an investigation of procrastination and health. Personality and Individual Differences, 35(5), 1167-1184. View this article in WRRO
- Sirois FM & Gick ML (2002) An investigation of the health beliefs and motivations of complementary medicine clients. Social Science & Medicine, 55(6), 1025-1037. View this article in WRRO
- Levasseur M, Filiatrault J, Lariviere N, Trepanier J, Levesque M-H, Beaudry M, Parisien M, Provencher V, Coututier Y, Champoux N, Corriveau H, Carbonneau H & Sirois F () Influence of Lifestyle Redesign® on health, social participation, leisure and mobility of older French-Canadians. The American journal of occupational therapy. : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association. View this article in WRRO
- Chang E, Lucas A, Chang O, Angoff H, Li M, Duong A, Huang J, Perera M, Sirois F & Hirsch J () Relationship between future orientation and pain severity in fibromyalgia patients: Self-compassion as a coping mechanism. Social Work. View this article in WRRO
- Upchurch D, Liang L & Sirois F () A dual continuum model of the reasons for use of complementary health approaches among overweight and obese adults: Findings from the 2012 NHIS. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine.
- Sirois F (2016) Procrastination, Stress, and Chronic Health Conditions: A Temporal Perspective In Sirois F & Pychyl T (Ed.), Procrastination, Health, and Well-Being Academic Press
- Sirois FM (2015) Perfectionism and Health Behaviors: A Self-Regulation Resource Perspective In Sirois FM & Molnar DS (Ed.), Perfectionism, Health, and Well-being (pp. 45-68). Switzerland: Springer.
- Molnar DS, Sirois FM & Methot-Jones T (2015) Trying to be Perfect in an Imperfect World: Examining the Role of Perfectionism in the Context of Chronic Illness In Sirois FM & Molnar DS (Ed.), Perfectionism, Health, and Well-being (pp. 69-100). Switzerland: Springer.
- Sirois FM & Molnar DS (2015) Conceptualizations of Perfectionism, Health, and Well-being: An Introductory Overview In Sirois FM & Molnar DM (Ed.), Perfectionism, Health, and Well-being (pp. 1-24). Switzerland: Springer.
- Sirois FM & Pychyl T (2015) Procrastination, Encyclopedia of Mental Health Elsevier
- Sirois F () Procrastination, Health, and Health Risk Communication In Parrott R (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Health and Risk Message Design and Processing New York: Oxford University Press.
- Sirois F & Pychyl T (Ed.) (2016) Procrastination, Health, and Well-Being. Academic Press.
- Sirois F & Molnar DS (Ed.) (2015) Perfectionism, Health, and Well-being. Switzerland: Springer.