Jen Kruger

BSc, MSc

School of Health and Related Research

Research Associate
+44 114 222 5207

Full contact details

Jen Kruger
School of Health and Related Research
Regent Court (ScHARR)
30 Regent Street
S1 4DA

I joined ScHARR in October 2009 as a Research Assistant after graduating in Psychology from the University of York in 2007 and working as a Research Assistant for a Health Economics research consultancy in York. Here I developed a keen interest and specialised skills in health economic research and in particular cost-effectiveness modelling.

I joined ScHARR on a National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Research Methods Fellowship, and as part of this Fellowship I completed the MSc in Health Economics and Decision Modelling in ScHARR, graduating in September 2011. Outside my MSc studies I worked on the development of an integrated model of patient behaviour, clinical outcomes and health economic outcomes in diabetes. I was promoted to Research Associate in September 2012 following completion of the NIHR Fellowship.

The majority of my time is spent working as a health economic modeller and patient behaviour modeller in the HEDS section. I have a specific focus on the modelling of diabetes and the evaluation of behavioural health interventions. My background in psychology places me in an excellent position to develop integrated methods of health economic modelling and patient behaviour modelling. 

Research interests
  • Patient education for type 1 diabetes
  • Cost-effectiveness modelling
  • Patient behaviour modelling
  • Modelling the relationship between behavioural and clinical outcomes of treatment
  • Economic evaluation of behavioural health interventions

I am currently investigating the cost-effectiveness of the DAFNE structured education programme for type 1 diabetes. I have developed an integrated patient-level simulation model of clinical and psychological factors to account for treatment response heterogeneity in the cost-effectiveness analysis. This methodological research aims to further the knowledge and practice of creating cost-effectiveness models that take into account the diversity of patient behaviour and the effects that behaviour can have on clinical outcomes and treatment success. This work is particularly relevant to treatments that aim to modify patient behaviour such as educational treatments.

I undertook a systematic review of cost-of-illness studies in type 1 diabetes. This consultancy work was funded by the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation.

I am also working on a project for the South Yorkshire CLAHRC that aims to evaluate a pilot redesign of an adolescent diabetes service. This project involves costing two new educational interventions, estimating the short-term cost-effectiveness of the service redesign, and projecting long-term costs and outcomes of the redesign.

I am the lead health economist for the "U@Uni" project, evaluating a digital intervention aimed at promoting healthy lifestyle habits in young people before they begin university. This project involves modelling the relationships between health behaviours such as diet and exercise with long-term health economic outcomes.

Current projects

  • "U@Uni": Using the transition from school to university to promote healthy lifestyle habits in young people
  • Long-term cost-effectiveness modelling of Dose Adjustment For Normal Eating (DAFNE) structured education for people with type 1 diabetes
  • Health Economic support for the South Yorkshire CLAHRC Diabetes Theme Adolescent Programme of Research
Teaching interests
  • Presentation and interpretation of cost-effectiveness modelling results
  • Data sources for cost-effectiveness models
  • Excel skills for cost-effectiveness modelling
  • Data synthesis (qualitative and meta-analyses)
  • Study design
  • Critical appraisal
Professional activities

I am a professional member of the HEDS section Modellers Academic Group committee, the International Health Economics Association, the Health Economics Study Group, and Diabetes UK.