HAR6112: International Healthcare Systems and Reimbursement (online)


This module introduces students to the range of healthcare and reimbursement systems to be found throughout the world, considering tax-based, compulsory private insurance, employer insurance, private insurance and uninsured systems with varying degrees of centralisation and devolution. Students will consider how health technology assessment (HTA) fits within these systems, looking at one or two countries as particular examples.


This module aims to give students a clear understanding of the nature of differently organised healthcare and reimbursement systems and analyses how particular HTA arrangements operate in different systems.

Learning outcomes

By the end of the module you will be able to:

  1. Differentiate between a range of differently organised healthcare and reimbursement systems
  2. Provide detailed analysis of how systems are organised
  3. Analyse how systems cope with economic and other constraints
  4. Assess critically how HTA analyses and agencies affect health policies

Teaching Methods

  • Bespoke distance learning materials, including purpose prepared texts, screencasts, guided reading, watching and listening of online materials, audio and video, concerning various health systems
  • Interactive online forums will enable students to test their understanding of sourcing key information, the nature of different systems and of the consequences of the evaluation and introduction of new technologies to them, in discussion with peers and faculty
  • Independent study will be based on guided reading, to deepen the understanding obtained from the distance learning, online materials


Independent Study (including preparation for assessments) 150 hours.


Component Weighting
Report (3000 words) 100%

Assessment will be by a single reports (3000 words in total), which require candidates to explain the differences in implementing HTA recommendations in contrasting reimbursement systems

The pass mark is 50%.