HAR6112: International Healthcare Systems and Reimbursement (online)

The International Healthcare Systems and Reimbursement (online) module is led by Praveen Thokala. It runs in the Spring semester and is worth 15 credits.


The International Healthcare Systems and Reimbursement (online) module is led by Praveen Thokala. It runs in the Spring semester and is worth 15 credits.

It is one of the modules on:

This module is available as a CPD option

This module is not available as a DDP module


This module introduces students to the range of healthcare and reimbursement systems to be found throughout the world, considering tax-based, compulsory private insurance, employer insurance, private insurance and uninsured systems with varying degrees of centralisation and devolution.

Students will consider how health technology assessment (HTA) fits within these systems, looking at one or two countries as particular examples.


This module aims to give students a clear understanding of the nature of differently organised healthcare and reimbursement systems and analyses how particular HTA arrangements operate in different systems.

Learning outcomes

By the end of the module you will be able to:

  1. Differentiate between a range of differently organised healthcare and reimbursement systems
  2. Provide detailed analysis of how systems are organised
  3. Analyse how systems cope with economic and other constraints
  4. Assess critically how HTA analyses and agencies affect health policies

Teaching methods

  • Bespoke distance learning materials, including purpose prepared texts, screencasts, guided reading, watching and listening of online materials, audio and video, concerning various health systems
  • Interactive online forums will enable students to test their understanding of sourcing key information, the nature of different systems and of the consequences of the evaluation and introduction of new technologies to them, in discussion with peers and faculty
  • Independent study will be based on guided reading, to deepen the understanding obtained from the distance learning, online materials


Independent study (including preparation for assessments) of 150 hours.

The content of our courses is reviewed annually to make sure it is up-to-date and relevant. Individual modules are occasionally updated or withdrawn. This is in response to discoveries through our world-leading research, funding changes, professional accreditation requirements, student or employer feedback, outcomes of reviews, and variations in staff or student numbers. In the event of any change we'll consult and inform students in good time and take reasonable steps to minimise disruption.

Information last updated: 4 August 2022

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