What is Radicalisation?
The government's Prevent Duty Guidance defines radicalisation as "the process by which a person comes to support terrorism and extremist ideologies associated with terrorist groups".
Factors which may contribute to vulnerability
Individuals can be drawn into the process of radicalisation in a number of ways. In this context, vulnerability means individuals who, because of their circumstance, experiences or state of mind can be led towards a terrorist ideology.
Below are some factors which may contribute to vulnerability:
With thanks to Salam Arabi-Katbi (Prevent Regional Coordinator, South-West England)
Further information around the signs of radicalisation can be found on ACT Early. ACT Early provides advice and support around radicalisation, Prevent, and how to seek help if you have concerns.
What materials should we be concerned about?
The internet is used by some people to promote terrorism and extremism. You can challenge and report terrorist and extremist content you find online, which you feel is offensive, or illegal. Examples of material that may be of concern include:
For more information about how to report illegal online content, click here.
The government has created a list of terrorist groups or organisations banned under UK law.
An organisation may be proscribed if it meets the following criteria:
The list of proscribed terrorist groups can be found here.
What the Legislation says
Sections 1 and 2 of the Terrorism Act 2006 include detailed information about what may be considered encouragement of terrorism, or dissemination of terrorist publications.
The Terrorism Act 2006 can be viewed here.
Part 5 of the Counter-Terrorism and Security Act 2015 focuses on the risk of being drawn into terrorism and how this may be prevented.
The Counter-Terrorism and Security Act 2015 can be viewed here.