HST223: European Fascism
20 credits (semester 2 - 2018-19)
Pass in at least two of the Level One modules History Units HST112-121.
This course examines fascism in Europe through a thematic and comparative approach. Each week a key theme in the history of fascism will be examined: from the intellectual and social origins of fascism, through fascist strategies for power, the nature of fascist rule, and varieties of fascist culture, to fascist and anti-fascist transnationalism and fascism in the post-1945 era. You will be encouraged to consider these themes not only in the most important and recognisable fascist movements of Italy and Germany, but also manifestations of fascism in the Iberian Peninsula, Central and Eastern Europe, France, Britain, the Low Countries and Scandinavia. By the end of the course you will be able to identify and compare the key characteristics of fascist ideology, movements, parties and states, and have a strong understanding of the historical events and figures which shaped European fascism.
The course can be linked to a course assignment, and there is a wealth of available secondary source material on most of the topics covered by the teaching programme. However, you should be aware that this abundance of sources requires an emphasis on detailed research and critical reading to discriminate between the important works on the subject and those of lesser value.
Teaching and Assessment
The module will be taught through weekly lectures and regular seminars. The subjects covered in lectures are as follows. There will be seminars relating to the history of fascist Italy, Nazi Germany and other fascisms.
|Week 1: Introduction: European Fascism|
|Week 2: The Origins of Fascism|
|Week 3: Routes to Power: Street Violence|
|Week 4: Routes to Power: Electoral Mobilisation|
|Week 5: The Fascist State|
|Week 6: Fascism and its ‘Others’|
|Week 7: Fascism and its Allies|
|Week 8: Fascism and Gender|
|Week 9: Fascist Culture|
|Week 10: Fascism and Anti-Fascism: A European Civil War?|
|Week 11: Fascism in the Post-1945 Era|
|Week 1: Theories of Fascism|
|Week 2: The Ideological and Social Roots of Fascism|
|Week 3: Fascist Paramilitarism|
|Week 4: Fascism and Democracy|
|Week 5: Fascist Leadership|
|Week 6: Fascism and Race|
|Week 7: Fascism: A Political Religion?|
|Week 8: The Fascist Body|
|Week 9: Fascist Aesthetics and Spectacle|
|Week 10: International Fascism and Anti-Fascism|
|Week 11: The Continuing Appeal of Fascism|
Further guidance is provided in the module course booklet, available through MOLE.
Information on assessment can be found at: http://www.sheffield.ac.uk/history/current_students/undergraduate/assessment/level2
- Stanley G. Payne, A History of Fascism, 1914-1945 (London: UCL Press, 1995) (recommended)
- Roger Griffin (ed.), International Fascism: Theories, Causes and the New Consensus (London: Arnold, 1998) (recommended)
- Roger Griffin, The Nature of Fascism (London: Pinter Publishers, 1991)
- Roger Eatwell, Fascism: A History (London: Chatto and Windus, 1995)
- W. Laqueur, Fascism: A Reader's Guide: Analyses, Interpretations, Bibliography (London: Wildwood House, 1976)
- Ian Kershaw, The Nazi Dictatorship: Problems and Perspectives of Interpretation, 4th ed. (London: Arnold, 2000)