Dr Andrew Heath
Lecturer in American History
19th century US history; urban history
+44 (0)114 22 22575 | Jessop West room 2.08
Semester Two Office Hours: Tuesdays 13:00-15:00 except week 3; Tuesday 14:00-15:00 and Wednesday 12:00-13:00 week 3 only
Andrew Heath joined the History Department in 2008. After growing up on the outskirts of Bristol, he read History from 1997 to 2001 at University College London, before receiving his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 2008. He has taught at the University of Pennsylvania and Bristol University.
Andrew's research interests lie primarily in the political, urban, and social history of the Nineteenth-Century United States. His thesis, which won the 2008 Urban History Association Prize for the best dissertation in Urban History, explores how imperial expansion, national consolidation, and economic development shaped the reconstruction of Philadelphia in the decades either side of the Civil War as citizens vied to make their city the main node between Europe and Asia: the London and Paris of America. He has also written on transatlantic working-class radicalism and monarchists in the Reconstruction-era U.S.
Andrew won the Student Union Academic Award for Excellence in Teaching in 2011-12 and 2012-13, and a Senate Award for Early Career teaching in 2013. Alongside running modules on nineteenth-century U.S. history, he lectures on Paths from Antiquity to Modernity and Cities.
At the moment I am finishing a book on the growth of Philadelphia between 1837 and 1877. In Union There is Strength explores the social and spatial reconstruction of an American city in the decades on either side of the American Civil War. The manuscript follows the urban fortunes of Philadelphia over the course of forty years as industrialization, immigration, and natural increase turned a Jacksonian-era port of around 200,000 people into a Gilded Age metropolis with a population nearing a million. In years of unprecedented growth, citizens confronted what one contemporary called ‘the question of building the city of the nineteenth century’: how to harness the energy that capitalism had unleashed. Could Philadelphians turn their city, they wondered, into the London and Paris of America, an imperial metropolis distinguished by economic dynamism and urban refinement? Or would their urban civilization be consumed, as a diarist put it in 1844, ‘by the irruption of the dark masses of ignorance & brutality which lie beneath it’? In setting out to answer these questions, Philadelphians experimented with new ways to see, design, and govern their metropolis, which in themselves led to conflict. Their struggles over what their city was and what it ought to be helped to create a distinctively American urban form – ‘a city of homes’ – yet that type was moulded by influences and aspirations that went far beyond the boundaries of the U.S.
My interests lie primarily in the political, social, and spatial history of the American city. I am fascinated by the relationship between how cities are imagined, built, and fought over and the national and international forces that shape them. I use Geographical Information Systems (GIS) software extensively in my work on Philadelphia.
If my book charts the struggle for power over space, though, my next project examines power through time. The Empire is Peace draws on an almost unnoticed source: a short-lived but wildly-popular newspaper from post-Civil War New York that proposed replacing the republic with a polity somewhere between the constitutional monarchy of Victorian Britain and the highly-centralised state of Bonapartist France. I am using this weekly journal as a lens onto debates about the relationship of democracy and modernity in an age in which ‘modern kingship’, as one writer put it, seemed to offer a firmer foundation for national consolidation than popular sovereignty. My research here considers the dissenting Americans who wondered whether a crowned head – and not the republic – lay at the End of History. The first article from this research will appear in Civil War History in June 2014, and I am hoping to turn the project into a short book, exploring monarchy as one of the less likely ‘Atlantic Crossings’ in an era of liberal reform.
I have also begun to make a little progress on a longer-term project examining through transnational and comparative perspectives the response to deindustrialization in two steel cities: Sheffield and Pittsburgh. The project will built outwards from institutions like unions, universities, trade associations, and community groups; spaces such as streets, housing developments, and civic plazas; and practices like city planning and civic boosterism.
I am interested in digital history initiatives and helped to set up the American History Research Wiki to collect links to and critical appraisals of the hundreds of free online digital archive collections exploring aspects of the American past.
I am happy to supervise students working on urban history or the political and social history of the nineteenth-century United States. I also teach and supervise on our MA in American History.
Current research students
Annabelle Grenville-Mathers - Representations of Presidential Power during the Reconstruction Era.
Hilary Hall (Fraser) - The History, Development and Cultural Impact of Libraries in the North Riding of Yorkshire 1775-1914.
Chris Olewicz - Constructing Leviathan: Studies on the Left and the Rise of Corporate Liberalism 1959-1979.
Charlie Thompson - 'Imperialism in Power’: Centralization and its Discontents in America, 1848-1865.
Thom Keep - Harcourt A. Morgan's Common Mooring.
‘“Let the Empire Come”: Imperialism and Its Critics in the Reconstruction South’, Civil War History 60 (forthcoming, June 2014).
‘“Every Man His Own Landlord”: Working-class Suburban Speculation and the Antebellum Republican City’, Journal of Urban History 38 (November 2012), 1003-20.
‘“The Producers on the One Side, and the Capitalists on the Other”: Labor Reform, Slavery, and the Career of a Transatlantic Radical, 1838-1873’, American Nineteenth-Century History 13 (Summer 2012), 1-29.
‘The Public Interest of the Private City: The Pennsylvania Railroad, Urban Space, and Philadelphia’s Economic Elite, 1846-1877’, Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies 79 (Spring 2012), 177-208.
‘Small Men, Best Men, and the Big City: Reconstructing Political Culture in Antebellum Philadelphia’, in Adam I. P. Smith and Daniel Peart (eds.), Practicing Democracy: Popular Politics in the United States from The Constitution to the Civil War (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, forthcoming, 2014).
‘In Union There is Strength”: City-Building and Nation-Building in Civil War-Era Philadelphia, 1844-1865’, in Iwan Morgan (ed.), Reconfiguring the Union: Civil War Transformations (New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2013), 101-24.
‘Consolidation Act of 1854’, in Howard Gillette, Charlene Mires, Randall Miller, and Gary Nash (eds.), Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia (Online 2013; Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, forthcoming).
‘Philadelphia 1828-1854, 1854-1876, and 1876-1896’, in Richard Dilworth (ed.), Cities in American Political History (Washington D.C.: CQ Press, 2011), 163-9, 222-7, and 298-304.
‘Labor and Unions’, in Christopher Bates (ed.), The Early Republic and Antebellum America: An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, Cultural, and Economic History, Volume 1 (New York: M. E. Sharpe, 2010).
‘Virtual Roundtable on an Absence of Empire: American Urban History and the Incorporation of Imperialism’, NeoAmericanist (2010)
Book reviews for American Nineteenth-Century History, Gender and History, Journal of American Studies, Law and Policy Review, Urban History.
Liner notes for The Payroll Union album ‘The Mule and the Elephant’.
Along with Dr Charles West, Andrew supervises a student-led oral history project, Witness, which in 2010-11 is exploring life in Sheffield during the 1980s. Any students interested in getting involved are welcome to contact him.
In The Media
Andrew is a regular contributor to the department's History Matters blog.
Mature Students Tutor
Deputy Admissions Tutor