Professor W Mark Rainforth

BMet, PhD, FIMMM, CEng, FInstP, CPhys, FRMS, FREng

Department of Materials Science and Engineering

Professor of Materials Science and Engineering

Professor Mark Rainforth
m.rainforth@sheffield.ac.uk
+44 114 222 5469

Full contact details

Professor W Mark Rainforth
Department of Materials Science and Engineering
Sir Robert Hadfield Building
Mappin Street
Sheffield
S1 3JD
Profile

After obtaining a 1st Class Honours degree from the University of Sheffield, Mark Rainforth initially followed an industrial career. He later joined the Department from the University of Leeds in 1989 and rapidly established state-of-the-art facilities in electron microscopy and tribology.

He is co-author of the book Ceramic Microstructures' with W E Lee, a winner of the Rosenhain Medal of the IoM3 and has recently finished his term as President of the Royal Microscopical Society.

Research interests

Professor Rainworth's research centres on the high resolution characterisation of microstructures, in particular interfaces and surfaces. His research programmes are broadly based and cover metals, ceramics and coatings:

  • Aberration corrected electron microscopy to determine atomic structure and local bonding state, particularly at interfaces in, for example, nanoscale multilayer coatings or functional ceramics
  • Understanding the dynamic microstructural changes that occur as a result of frictional contact, to thereby develop superior materials, for example, next generation hip arthroplasties
  • Surface degeneration phenomena, such as oxidation of metals (including during hot rolling) and hydrothermal degradation of zirconia ceramics
  • Microstructural evolution during the processing of metals, particularly Ti, Mg and steels, aimed at developing new higher strength materials
  • Designing alloys for resource efficiency
Publications

Journal articles

Chapters

Conference proceedings papers

  • Davies PS, Wynne BP, Thomas MJ & Rainforth WM (2018) Quantifying Crystallographic Texture Variation in a Titanium Billet. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 375 (pp 012019-012019) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Earl S, Rankin KE, Lewis R, Smith L & Rainforth WM (2018) Comparison of squats and studs from different traffic environments. Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Contact Mechanics and Wear of Rail/wheel Systems, CM 2018 (pp 218-227) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Svyetlichnyy D, Krzyzanowski M, Straka R, Lach L & Rainforth WM (2018) Application of cellular automata and Lattice Boltzmann methods for modelling of additive layer manufacturing. International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, Vol. 28(1) (pp 31-46) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Shamba P, Kerridge G, Morley NA, Reaney IM & Rainforth WM (2017) Synthesis of magnetocaloric LaFe11.6Si1.4 alloy by spark plasma sintering. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 903 (pp 012041-012041) View this article in WRRO RIS download Bibtex download
  • Guan D, Rainforth W, Sharp J & Gao J (2017) Thermal Stability of Cryomilled Mg Alloy Powder. Magnesium Technology 2017 (pp 225-233), 26 February 2017 - 2 March 2017. View this article in WRRO RIS download Bibtex download
  • Sharp J, Muller IC, Mandal P, Abbas A, West G, Rainforth WM, Ehiasarian A & Hovsepian P (2015) Cross sectional TEM analysis of duplex HIPIMS and DC magnetron sputtered Mo and W doped carbon coatings. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 644 (pp 012011-012011) View this article in WRRO RIS download Bibtex download
  • Zeng P, Sharp J, Rana A, Thompson R, Rainforth WM & Cook RB (2015) Sub-surface characterisation of tribological contact zone of metal hip prostheses. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 644 (pp 012029-012029) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Randman D, Corteen J, Rainforth WM, Wynne BP & Davis B (2012) New Recrystallisation Behaviour seen in Magnesium Alloy Elektron 675. RECRYSTALLIZATION AND GRAIN GROWTH IV, Vol. 715-716 (pp 171-+) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Ma L & Rainforth WM (2010) A study of Biolox (R) delta subject to water lubricated reciprocating wear. TRIBOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, Vol. 43(10) (pp 1872-1881) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Liu Y, Laurino A, Hashimoto T, Zhou X, Skeldon P, Thompson GE, Scamans GM, Blanc C, Rainforth WM & Frolish MF (2010) Corrosion behaviour of mechanically polished AA7075-T6 aluminium alloy. SURFACE AND INTERFACE ANALYSIS, Vol. 42(4) (pp 185-188) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Scamans GM, Frolish MF, Rainforth WM, Zhou Z, Liu Y, Zhou X & Thompson GE (2010) The ubiquitous Beilby layer on aluminium surfaces. SURFACE AND INTERFACE ANALYSIS, Vol. 42(4) (pp 175-179) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Liu Y, Frolish MF, Rainforth WM, Zhou X, Thompson GE, Scamans GM & Hunter JA (2010) Evolution of near-surface deformed layers during hot rolling of AA3104 aluminium alloy. SURFACE AND INTERFACE ANALYSIS, Vol. 42(4) (pp 180-184) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Ross IM, Zhou Z, Rainforth WM, Bleloch A, Ehiasarian AP & Hovespian PE (2010) EELS and STEM analysis of metal nitride/substrate interfaces. ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS GROUP CONFERENCE 2009 (EMAG 2009), Vol. 241 RIS download Bibtex download
  • Zhou Z, Ross IM, Rainforth WM & Hovsepian PE (2010) Tracing C changes in a C/CrC PVD coating using Raman spectroscopy and EELS. ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS GROUP CONFERENCE 2009 (EMAG 2009), Vol. 241 RIS download Bibtex download
  • Seabourne CR, Ross IM, Rainforth WM, Scott AJ, Mendis BG & Eh Hovespian PE (2010) EELS and ELNES studies of nano-scale nitride multilayers deposited by unbalanced magnetron sputtering. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 241 RIS download Bibtex download
  • Krzyzanowski M, Davies PS, Rainforth WM & Wynne BP (2010) Combined Discrete/Finite Element Multiscale Approach for Modelling of the Tool/Workpiece Interface During High Shear Processing: Hot Rolling and Friction Stir Welding Applications. THERMEC 2009, PTS 1-4, Vol. 638-642 (pp 2622-2627) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Ma L, Rainforth WM, Sun D, Wharton JA & Wood RJK (2009) A '3-body' abrasion wear study of bioceramics for total hip joint replacements. WEAR, Vol. 267(11) (pp 2122-2131) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Randman D, Rainforth W, Wynne B & Davis B (2009) Deformation mechanisms in magnesium alloy elektron 675. TMS Annual Meeting (pp 497-502) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Rico A, Rodriguez J, Otero E, Zeng P & Rainforth WM (2009) Wear behaviour of nanostructured alumina-titania coatings deposited by atmospheric plasma spray. WEAR, Vol. 267(5-8) (pp 1191-1197) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Garza-Montes-de-Oca NF & Rainforth WM (2009) Wear mechanisms experienced by a work roll grade high speed steel under different environmental conditions. WEAR, Vol. 267(1-4) (pp 441-448) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Ma L & Rainforth WM (2009) Examination of Biolox (R) delta from Serum Lubricated Reciprocating Sliding Wear. ADVANCED TRIBOLOGY (pp 869-870) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Nogiwa-Valdez AA & Rainforth WM (2009) Hydrothermal degradation of zirconia bioceramics: Effect of ternary oxide additions. BIOCERAMICS 21, Vol. 396-398 (pp 145-148) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Sun D, Wharton JA, Wood RJK, Ma L & Rainforth WM (2009) Microabrasion-corrosion of cast CoCrMo alloy in simulated body fluids. TRIBOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, Vol. 42(1) (pp 99-110) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Randman D, Rainforth WM, Wynne BP & Davis B (2009) Deformation Mechanisms in Magnesium Alloy Elektron 675. MAGNESIUM TECHNOLOGY 2009 (pp 497-502) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Ghazali MJ, Rainforth WM & Omar MZ (2008) A comparative study of mechanically mixed layers (MMLs) characteristics of commercial aluminium alloys sliding against alumina and steel sliders. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY, Vol. 201(1-3) (pp 662-668) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Davies P, Kockelmann W, Wynne B, Eccleston R, Hutchinson B & Rainforth WM (2008) Validation of neutron texture data on GEM at ISIS using electron backscattered diffraction. MEASUREMENT SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, Vol. 19(3) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Calvert CC, Gutzmer J, Banks DA & Rainforth WM (2008) EELS Characterisation and Valence Determination of Mn Minerals from the Kalahari Manganese Field in South Africa. - art. no. 012045. EMAG: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS GROUP CONFERENCE 2007, Vol. 126 (pp 12045-12045) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Ross IM, Rainforth WM, Zhou Z, Walker JC, Reinhard C, Ehiasarian AP, Hovsepian PE & Braun R (2008) Oxidation performance of nano-scale multilayer coatings on gamma-TiAl - art. no. 012022. EMAG: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS GROUP CONFERENCE 2007, Vol. 126 (pp 12022-12022) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Zeng P, Inkson BJ, Rainforth WM & Stewart T (2008) 3D Surface Reconstruction and FIB Microscopy of Worn Alumina Hip Prostheses - art. no. 012044. EMAG: ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS GROUP CONFERENCE 2007, Vol. 126 (pp 12044-12044) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Ross IM, Rainforth WM, Zhou Z, Walker JC, Reinhard C, Ehiasarian AP, Hovsepian PE, Braun R & Leyens C (2008) Oxidation characteristics of gamma-TiAl-8Nb coated with a CrAlYN/CrN nanoscale multilayer coating. STRUCTURAL ALUMINIDES FOR ELEVATED TEMPERATURES: GAMMA TITANIUM AND OTHER: METALLIC ALUMINIDES (pp 315-322) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Ghazali MJ, Rainforth WM, Abdullah S, Ihsan AKA & Hassan M (2008) Subsurface deformation of worn Al-Cu and Al-Mg alloys. ADVANCES IN FRACTURE AND MATERIALS BEHAVIOR, PTS 1 AND 2, Vol. 33-37 (pp 483-488) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Bhattacharya R, Wynne BP, Rainforth WM & Davies B (2008) Flow stress modelling of magnesium AZ31 alloy based on high strain plane strain compression data. MAGNESIUM TECHNOLOGY 2008 (pp 75-80) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Wynne BP, Davies PS & Rainforth WM (2008) Investigating macrozones in titanium billet using electron backscattered diffraction. TMS 2008 ANNUAL MEETING SUPPLEMENTAL PROCEEDINGS, VOL 1: MATERIALS PROCESSING AND PROPERTIES (pp 391-396) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Green MR, Rainforth WM, Frolish MF & Beynon JH (2007) The effect of microstructure and composition on the rolling contact fatigue behaviour of cast bainitic steels. WEAR, Vol. 263 (pp 756-765) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Bedolla-Jacuinde A, Coffea R, Mejia I, Quezada JG & Rainforth WM (2007) The effect of titanium on the wear behaviour of a 16%Cr white cast iron under pure sliding. WEAR, Vol. 263 (pp 808-820) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Papadopoulos P, Priest M & Rainforth WM (2007) Investigation of fundamental wear mechanisms at the piston ring and cylinder wall interface in internal combustion engines. PROCEEDINGS OF THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS PART J-JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING TRIBOLOGY, Vol. 221(J3) (pp 333-343) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Ghazali MJ, Rainforth WM & Jones H (2007) The wear of wrought aluminium alloys under dry sliding conditions. TRIBOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, Vol. 40(2) (pp 160-169) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Wynne BP, Hernandez-Silva O, Lopez-Pedrosa M & Rainforth WM (2007) An analysis of strain path effects on static recrystallisation in hot worked aluminium alloy AA5052 using forward and reverse torsion. Recrystallization and Grain Growth III, Pts 1 and 2, Vol. 558-559 (pp 407-412) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Lopez-Pedrosa M, Wynne BP & Rainforth WM (2007) An analysis of deformation microstructure and subsequent recrystallisation in hot deformed aluminium alloy AA5052 using forward and reverse torsion. Fundamentals of Deformation and Annealing, Vol. 550 (pp 223-228) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Song Y, Cross MDJ, Rainforth WM & Wynne BP (2007) Observations of strain induced precipitation during the thermomechanical processing of AA6111 alloy. Fundamentals of Deformation and Annealing, Vol. 550 (pp 211-216) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Frolish MF, Krzyzanowski M, Rainforth WM & Beynon JH (2006) Oxide scale behaviour on aluminium and steel under hot working conditions. JOURNAL OF MATERIALS PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY, Vol. 177(1-3) (pp 36-40) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Lopez-Pedrosa M, Wynne BP, Rainforth WM & Cizek P (2006) An analysis of microband orientation in hot deformed aluminium alloy AA5052 using forward and reverse torsion. ALUMINIUM ALLOYS 2006, PTS 1 AND 2, Vol. 519-521 (pp 877-882) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Cizek P, Wynne BP & Rainforth WM (2006) EBSD investigation of the effect of strain path changes on the microstructure and texture of duplex stainless steel during hot deformation. EMAG-NANO 2005: Imaging, Analysis and Fabrication on the Nanoscale, Vol. 26 (pp 331-334) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Zeng P, Inkson BJ & Rainforth WM (2006) Characterisation of alumina nip-joint wear by FIB microscopy. EMAG-NANO 2005: Imaging, Analysis and Fabrication on the Nanoscale, Vol. 26 (pp 343-346) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Rainforth WM & Zhou Z (2006) On the structure and oxidation mechanisms in nanoscale hard coatings. EMAG-NANO 2005: Imaging, Analysis and Fabrication on the Nanoscale, Vol. 26 (pp 89-94) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Walker JC, Jones H & Rainforth WM (2006) Site specific SEX/MB/TEM for analysis of lubricated sliding wear of aluminium alloy composites. EMAG-NANO 2005: Imaging, Analysis and Fabrication on the Nanoscale, Vol. 26 (pp 327-330) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Zhou Z, Calvert CC, Rainforth WM, Luo Q, Chen L & Hovsepian PE (2006) Investigating worn surfaces of nanoscale TiAlN/VN multilayer coating using FIB and TEM. EMAG-NANO 2005: Imaging, Analysis and Fabrication on the Nanoscale, Vol. 26 (pp 95-98) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Calvert CC, Rainforth WM, Sinclair DC & West AR (2006) Characterisation of grain boundaries in CaCu3Ti4O12 using HREM, EDS and EELS.. EMAG-NANO 2005: Imaging, Analysis and Fabrication on the Nanoscale, Vol. 26 (pp 65-68) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Bajwa S, Rainforth WM & Lee WE (2005) Sliding wear behaviour of SiC-Al2O3 nanocomposites. WEAR, Vol. 259(1-6) (pp 553-561) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Walker JC, Rainforth WM & Jones H (2005) Lubricated sliding wear behaviour of aluminium alloy composites. WEAR, Vol. 259(1-6) (pp 577-589) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Ghazali MJ, Rainforth WM & Jones H (2005) Dry sliding wear behaviour of some wrought, rapidly solidified powder metallurgy aluminium alloys. WEAR, Vol. 259(1-6) (pp 490-500) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Poths RM, Rainforth WM & Palmiere EJ (2005) Strain induced precipitation in model and conventional microalloyed steels during thermomechanical processing. MICROALLOYING FOR NEW STEEL PROCESSES AND APPLICATIONS, Vol. 500-501 (pp 139-145) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Thomas MJ, Wynne BP & Rainforth WM (2005) Texture evaluation of titanium aerospace alloy ti 834 using hot axisymmetric compression tests. ICOTOM 14: TEXTURES OF MATERIALS, PTS 1AND 2, Vol. 495-497 (pp 693-698) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Bedolla-Jacuinde A & Rainforth WM (2005) Electron microscopy analysis on the worn surface of a high-chromium white iron during dry sliding contact. Surface Engineering 2004 - Fundamentals and Applications, Vol. 843 (pp 299-304) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Poths RM, Angella G, Wynne BP, Rainforth WM, Semiatin SL & Beynon JH (2004) Effect of strain reversal on the dynamic spheroidization of Ti-M-4V during hot deformation. METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A-PHYSICAL METALLURGY AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, Vol. 35A(9) (pp 2993-3001) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Cizek P, Bai F, Rainforth WM & Beynon JH (2004) Fine structure of shear bands formed during hot deformation of two austenitic steels. MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS, Vol. 45(7) (pp 2157-2164) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Lewis DB, Creasey S, Zhou Z, Forsyth JJ, Ehiasarian AP, Hovsepian PE, Luo Q, Rainforth WM & Münz WD (2004) The effect of (Ti+Al):V ratio on the structure and oxidation behaviour of TiAlN/VN nano-scale multilayer coatings. Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 177-178 (pp 252-259) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Zhou Z, Rainforth WM, Lewis DB, Creasy S, Forsyth JJ, Clegg E, Ehiasarian AR, Hovespian PE & Munz WD (2004) Oxidation behaviour of nanoscale TiAlN/VN multilayer coatings. SURFACE & COATINGS TECHNOLOGY, Vol. 177 (pp 198-203) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Bai F, Cizek P, Palmiere EJ & Rainforth WM (2004) Characteristics of the deformed and recrystallised grains obtained after hot plane strain compression of a model Fe-30wt%Ni alloy. RECRYSTALLIZATION AND GRAIN GROWTH, PTS 1 AND 2, Vol. 467-470 (pp 21-26) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Scott AJ, Brydson R, Dennis CA, Ross IM, Rainforth WM, Scheu C & Ruhle M (2004) Understanding interfacial bonding in alumina doped yttria-stabilised tetragonal zirconia using electron energy loss spectroscopy. ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS 2003(179) (pp 433-436) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Cizek P, Whiteman JA, Rainforth WM & Beynon JH (2004) EBSD study of the hot deformation microstructure characteristics of a type 316L austenitic stainless steel. ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS 2003(179) (pp 237-240) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Zhou Z, Rainforth WM, Hovsepian PE & Munz WD (2004) Oxidation of nanoscale TiAIN/VN multilayer coatings. ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS 2003(179) (pp 413-416) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Leonard AJ & Rainforth WM (2003) Wear behaviour of tool steels with added (WTi)C particles. WEAR, Vol. 255 (pp 517-526) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Hanlon DN & Rainforth WM (2003) The rolling sliding wear response of conventionally processed and spray formed high speed steel at ambient and elevated temperature. WEAR, Vol. 255 (pp 956-966) RIS download Bibtex download
  • An X, Cawley J, Rainforth WM & Chen L (2003) A study of internal oxidation in carburized steels by glow discharge optical emission spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. SPECTROCHIMICA ACTA PART B-ATOMIC SPECTROSCOPY, Vol. 58(4) (pp 689-698) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Poths RM, Rainforth WM & Palmiere EJ (2003) Investigating precipitation in microalloyed austenite during thermomechanical processing. THERMEC'2003, PTS 1-5, Vol. 426-4 (pp 1255-1260) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Rainforth WM, Leonard AJ, Perrin C & Jang SK (2002) Microstructural changes induced by wear. BOUNDARY AND MIXED LUBRICATION: SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS, Vol. 40 (pp 273-282) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Wang Y, Rainforth WM, Jones H & Lieblich M (2002) Sliding wear behaviour of novel AA2124 aluminium alloy/Ni3Al composites. ALUMINUM ALLOYS 2002: THEIR PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES PTS 1-3, Vol. 396-4 (pp 1473-1478) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Rodriquez-Pulido A, Ross IM & Rainforth WM (2002) Processing and structural characterisation of 3Y-TZP ceramics resistant to hydrothermal ageing. EURO CERAMICS VII, PT 1-3, Vol. 206-2 (pp 1053-1056) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Wang Y, Rainforth WM, Jones H & Lieblich M (2001) Dry wear behaviour and its relation to microstructure of novel 6092 aluminium alloy-Ni3Al powder metallurgy composite. WEAR, Vol. 250 (pp 1421-1432) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Jacuinde AB & Rainforth WM (2001) The wear behaviour of high-chromium white cast irons as a function of silicon and Mischmetal content. WEAR, Vol. 250 (pp 449-461) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Hanlon DN, Todd I, Peekstok E, Rainforth WM & van der Zwaag S (2001) The application of laser scanning confocal microscopy to tribological research. WEAR, Vol. 250 (pp 1159-1168) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Luo Q, Rainforth WM & Munz WD (2001) Wear mechanisms of monolithic and multicomponent nitride coatings grown by combined arc etching and unbalanced magnetron sputtering. SURFACE & COATINGS TECHNOLOGY, Vol. 146 (pp 430-435) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Wang LC, Hatton HJ, Cooke MD, Gibbs MRJ, Rainforth WM & Hetherington CJD (2001) Microstructure and magnetoelastic properties of FeCo/Ag multilayers. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, Vol. 89(11) (pp 7511-7513) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Hambleton R, Jones H & Rainforth WM (2001) Effect of allay composition and reinforcement with silicon carbide on the microstructure and mechanical properties of three silicide dispersion strengthened aluminium alloys. MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, Vol. 304 (pp 524-528) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Ross IM, Rainforth WM, Scott AJ, Brown AP, Brydson R & McComb DW (2001) Differentiation of zirconia polymorphs using EELS and ELNES. ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS 2001(168) (pp 303-306) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Ross IM, Rainforth WM, McComb DW, Scott AJ & Brydson R (2001) Grain boundary segregation in Al2O3 doped 3Y-TZP ceramics. ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS 2001(168) (pp 299-302) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Almaguer S, Sellars CM & Rainforth WM (2001) Study of the static recrystallisation of an Fe-%30Ni alloy and comparison with plain carbon steels. RECRYSTALLIZATION AND GRAIN GROWTH, VOLS 1 AND 2 (pp 831-836) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Rainforth WM (2000) Opportunities and pitfalls in characterisation of nanoscale features. MATERIALS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, Vol. 16(11-12) (pp 1349-1355) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Rainforth WM (2000) Microstructural evolution at the worn surface: a comparison of metals and ceramics. WEAR, Vol. 245(1-2) (pp 162-177) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Palmiere EJ, Black MP & Rainforth WM (2000) Precipitation Behaviour of Nb(CN) in a Model Austenite During Thermomechanical Processing. Thermomechanical Processing of Steels (pp 177-185). London, 24 May 2000 - 26 May 2000. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Scott J, McVitie S, Ferrier RP, Heydon GP, Rainforth WM, Gibbs MRJ, Tucker JW, Davies HA & Bishop JEL (1999) Characterisation of FeBSiC coated MFM tips using Lorentz electron tomography and MFM. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, Vol. 35(5) (pp 3986-3988) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Luo Q, Rainforth WM, Donohue LA, Wadsworth I & Munz WD (1999) Tribological investigation of TiAlCrN and TiAlN/CrN coatings grown by combined steered-arc unbalanced magnetron deposition. VACUUM, Vol. 53(1-2) (pp 123-126) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Luo Q, Rainforth WM & Munz WD (1999) TEM observations of wear mechanisms of TiAlCrN and TiAlN/CrN coatings grown by combined steered-arc/unbalanced magnetron deposition. WEAR, Vol. 229 (pp 74-82) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Hanlon DN, Rainforth WM & Sellars CM (1999) The rolling/sliding wear response of conventionally processed and spray formed high chromium content cast iron at ambient and elevated temperature. WEAR, Vol. 229 (pp 587-599) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Heydon GP, Rainforth WM, Gibbs MRJ, Davies HA, Bishop JEL, Tucker JW, Huo S, Pan G, Mapps DJ & Clegg WW (1999) Magnetic force microscopy of recording heads. ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS 1999(161) (pp 331-334) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Rainforth WM, Black MP, Poths RM, Higginson RL, Whiteman JA, Palmiere EJ & Sellars CM (1999) Determination of the distribution of NbC precipitates in novel microalloyed steels. ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS 1999(161) (pp 467-470) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Al-Khafaji MA, Rainforth WM, Rylands LM & Jones H (1999) On the crystal structure of AlaCuMg, S ', in Al-Cu-Mg alloys. ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS 1999(161) (pp 279-282) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Heydon GP, Rainforth WM, Gibbs MRJ, Davies HA, Hill G, Bishop JEL, Tucker JW, Huo S, Pan G, Mapps DJ & Clegg WW (1999) Magnetic force microscopy of soft magnetic films. ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS 1999(161) (pp 307-310) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Rainforth WM, Wang LC, Hatton H, Hetherington CJD & Gibbs MRJ (1999) The structure of FeCo/Ag multilayers. ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS 1999(161) (pp 271-274) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Al-Khafaji MA, Marashi SPH, Rainforth WM, Gibbs MRJ, Davies HA, Bishop JEL & Heydon G (1998) MFM of nanocrystalline NdFeB: a study of the effect of processing route on the micromagnetic structure. JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS, Vol. 190(1-2) (pp 48-59) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Huo S, Bishop JEL, Tucker JW, Al-Khafaji MA, Rainforth WM, Davies HA & Gibbs MRJ (1998) Micromagnetic and MFM studies of a domain wall in thick {110} FeSi. JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS, Vol. 190(1-2) (pp 17-27) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Al-Khafaji M, Rainforth WM, Gibbs MRJ, Bishop JEL & Davies HA (1998) The origin and interpretation of fine scale magnetic contrast in magnetic force microscopy: A study using single-crystal NdFeB and a range of magnetic force microscopy tips. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, Vol. 83(11) (pp 6411-6413) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Huo S, Bishop JEL, Tucker JW, Rainforth WM & Davies HA (1998) 3-D simulation of Bloch lines in 180 degrees domain walls in thin iron films. JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS, Vol. 177 (pp 229-230) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Huo S, Bishop JEL, Tucker JW, Rainforth WM & Davies HA (1998) Micromagnetics of a square iron platelet containing the junction of four 90 degrees domain walls. JOURNAL OF MAGNETISM AND MAGNETIC MATERIALS, Vol. 177 (pp 227-228) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Huo S, Bishop JEL, Tucker JW, Rainforth WM & Davies HA (1997) Modelling of MFM images of 180 degrees and 90 degrees domain walls in iron films. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, Vol. 33(5) (pp 4056-4058) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Huo S, Bishop JEL, Tucker JW, Rainforth WM & Davies HA (1997) Simulation of 3-D micromagnetic structures in thin iron platelet. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, Vol. 33(5) (pp 4170-4172) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Hambleton R, Jones H & Rainforth WM (1997) Effect of silicon additions on structure and stability of Al-7.5wt%Mn alloy melt-spun ribbons. MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING A-STRUCTURAL MATERIALS PROPERTIES MICROSTRUCTURE AND PROCESSING, Vol. 226 (pp 157-160) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Huo S, Bishop JEL, Tucker JW, Rainforth WM & Davies HA (1997) Three-dimensional simulation of the disturbance of magnetic domain walls by magnetic force microscope tips. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, Vol. 81(8) (pp 4686-4688) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Hanlon DN, Rainforth WM & Sellars CM (1997) The effect of processing route, composition and hardness on the wear response of chromium bearing steels in a rolling-sliding configuration. WEAR, Vol. 203 (pp 220-229) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Perrin C & Rainforth WM (1997) Work hardening behaviour at the worn surface of Al-Cu and Al-Si alloys. WEAR, Vol. 203 (pp 171-179) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Hue S, Bishop JEL, Tucker JW, Rainforth WM & Davies HA (1997) Simulation Of 3-D Micromagnetic Structures In A Thin Iron Platelet. 1997 IEEE International Magnetics Conference (INTERMAG'97), 1 April 1997 - 4 April 1997. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Barceinas-Sanchez JDO & Rainforth WM (1997) Observations of high strain deformation at the surface of a worn zirconia. ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS 1997(153) (pp 499-502) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Miao X, Rainforth WM & Lee WE (1997) Dislocation generation during the sliding wear of ceramics. ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS 1997(153) (pp 503-506) RIS download Bibtex download
  • AlKhafaji MA, Rainforth WM, Gibbs MRJ, Bishop JEL & Davies HA (1996) The effect of tip type and scan height on magnetic domain images obtained by MFM. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, Vol. 32(5) (pp 4138-4140) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Bushnell-Watson SM, Alexander MR, Ameen AP, Rainforth WM, Short RD, Jones FR, Michaeli W, Stollenwerk M, Mathar G & Zabold J (1996) The chemistry of thin film deposits formed from hexamethyldisiloxane and hexamethyldisilazane plasmas. The Mechanics of Thin Film Coatings RIS download Bibtex download
  • Price R, Gisborne HT, Hanlon DN, Rainforth WM & Sellars CM (1996) Enhanced roll materials for forged steel work rolls. 37TH MECHANICAL WORKING AND STEEL PROCESSING CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS, Vol. 33 (pp 213-219) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Hambleton R, Jones H & Rainforth WM (1996) Microstructure and mechanical properties of three dispersion strengthened aluminium base alloys after extended holding at elevated temperatures. ALUMINIUM ALLOYS: THEIR PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES, PTS 1-3, Vol. 217 (pp 925-930) RIS download Bibtex download
  • GIBBS MRJ, ALKHAFAJI MA, RAINFORTH WM, DAVIES HA, BABCOCK K, CHAPMAN JN & HEYDERMAN LJ (1995) A COMPARISON OF DOMAIN IMAGES OBTAINED FOR NANOPHASE ALLOYS BY MAGNETIC FORCE MICROSCOPY AND HIGH-RESOLUTION LORENTZ ELECTRON-MICROSCOPY. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MAGNETICS, Vol. 31(6) (pp 3349-3351) RIS download Bibtex download
  • PERRIN C & RAINFORTH WM (1995) THE EFFECT OF ALUMINA FIBER REINFORCEMENT ON THE WEAR OF AN AL-4.3-PERCENT-CU ALLOY. WEAR, Vol. 181 (pp 312-324) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Ryland LM, Jones H & Rainforth WM (1995) A comparative study of the long term stability to coarsening at 200 degrees C of selected high strength wrought aluminium alloys. LIGHT WEIGHT ALLOYS FOR AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS (pp 129-141) RIS download Bibtex download
  • RAINFORTH WM & STEVENS R (1993) A TRANSMISSION ELECTRON-MICROSCOPY STUDY OF WEAR OF MAGNESIA PARTIALLY-STABILIZED ZIRCONIA. WEAR, Vol. 162 (pp 322-331) RIS download Bibtex download
  • ALKHAFAJI MA, MANAF A, ZHANG P, AHMED I, RAINFORTH WM & DAVIES HA (1993) NANOSTRUCTURE INVESTIGATION OF RAPIDLY SOLIDIFIED NDFEB HARD MAGNETIC-ALLOYS. ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND ANALYSIS 1993(138) (pp 457-460) RIS download Bibtex download
  • ATKINSON HV, MCLELLAND ARA & RAINFORTH WM (1991) INTERFACIAL REACTIONS DURING THIXOFORMING OF ALUMINUM - SIC METAL MATRIX COMPOSITES. INTERFACIAL PHENOMENA IN COMPOSITE MATERIALS 91 (pp 227-230) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Krzyzanowski M & Rainforth MW () Advances on Modelling of the Tool/Workpiece Interface during High Shear Processing. Materials Science Forum, Vol. 654-656 (pp 1634-1637) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Ross IM, Rainforth WM, Strondl C, Papa F & Tietema R () Structural and interface studies of a nano-scale TiAlYN/CrN/alumina coating (pp 711-712) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Al-Khafaji M, Rainforth WM, Gibbs MRJ, Bishop JEL & Davies HA () The origin and interpretation of fine scale magnetic contrast in magnetic force microscopy: A study using single crystal NdFeB and a range of mfm tips. 7th Joint MMM-Intermag Conference. Abstracts (Cat. No.98CH36275) RIS download Bibtex download
  • Huo S, Bishop JEL, Tucker JW, Rainforth WM & Davies HA () Modelling Of MFM Images Of 180° And 90° Domain Walls In Iron Films. 1997 IEEE International Magnetics Conference (INTERMAG'97) RIS download Bibtex download
Research group

PDRA:
Dr Michal Krzyzanowski
Dr Joanna Sharp
Dr Amit Rana
Dr Peng Zeng
Dr Le Ma
Dr Akemi Nogiwa Valdez

PhD:
Paul Nnamchi (Joint with Prof Todd)
E Lizz Cedillo Saucedo* (Joint with Prof Reaney)
Leili Shirkhan*
Jake Corteen (Joint with Prof Todd)
Daryoush Ahmadi*
Alfonce Chamisa* (Joint with Dr Palmiere)
Feng Qian*
Lampros Kurtis (Joint with Prof Todd)
Erfan Abasi*
Mark Todd*
Junheng Goa* (Joint with Prof Todd)
Dikai Guan* (Joint with Prof Todd)
Samira Bostanchi*
Weigang Yang* (Joint with Dr Morley)
Zahra Fard
Peng Gong* (Joint with Dr Palmiere)
Xin Pan*
Itzel Muller*
Haiyun Wang* (Joint with Prof Todd)

*= Principal Supervisor

Professional activities
  • President, Royal Microscopical Society, 2006-09
  • Leverhulme/Royal Academy of Engineering Senior Research Fellow (2007-08)
  • Rosenhain Medal and Pfeil Prize of the IoM3, Bronze Medal and Thomas Stephens Prize of the Tribology Society of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers
  • Scientific Editor, Journal Microscopy
  • Associate Editor, Journal American Ceramics Society
  • Member Board of Review, Materials and Metallurgical Transactions
  • Editorial Board, Materials Science and Technology, and Advances in Applied Ceramics
  • Director Mercury Centre for Innovative Materials and Manufacturing