Publications

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Waves 1 - 6 of the C19PRC Study (data, survey questionnaires and associated documentation) have been made publicly available via our OSF page

Survey methodology papers and preprints
McBride, O., Murphy, J., Shevlin, M., Gibson-Miller, J., Hartman, T. K., Hyland, P., Levita, L., Mason, L., Martinez, A. P., McKay, R., Stocks, T. V. A., Bennett, K., Vallières, F., Karatzias, T., Valiente, C., Vazquez, C., & Bentall, R. P. (2021). Monitoring the psychological, social, and economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the population: Context, design and conduct of the longitudinal COVID-19 psychological research consortium (C19PRC) study. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 30(1), e1861. doi:10.1002/mpr.1861
McBride, O., Butter, S., Murphy, J., Shevlin, M., Hartman, T. K., Hyland, P., McKay, R., Bennett, K., Gibson-Miller, J., Levita, L., Martinez, A. P., Stocks, T. V. A., Vallières, F., Karatzias, T., Valiente, C., Vazquez, C., & Bentall, R. P. (2021). Context, design and conduct of the longitudinal COVID-19 Psychological Research Consortium (C19PRC) Study - Wave 3. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 30(3), e1880. doi:10.1002/mpr.1880
McBride, O., Butter, S., Murphy, J., Shevlin, M., Hartman, T. K., Bennett, K., Stocks, T. V. A., Lloyd, A., McKay, R., Gibson-Miller, J., Levita, L., Mason, L., Martinez, A. P., Hyland, P., Vallières, F., Karatzias, T., Valiente, C., Vazquez, C., & Bentall, R. P. (2021). Design, content, and fieldwork procedures of the COVID-19 Psychological Research Consortium (C19PRC) Study - Wave 4. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 31 (1), e1899doi:10.1002/mpr.1899
McBride, O., Butter, S., Murphy, J., Hartman, T. K., McKay, R., Hyland, P., Shevlin, M., Bennett, K., Stocks, T. V. A., Lloyd, A., Gibson-Miller, J., Levita, L., Mason, L., Martinez, A. P., Vallières, F., Karatzias, T., & Bentall, R. P. (2021). Tracking the psychological and socio-economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK: A methodological report from Wave 5 of the COVID-19 Psychological Research Consortium (C19PRC) Study. [Preprint] doi:10.31234/osf.io/fyqjb
McBride, O., Butter, S., Martinez, A. P., Shevlin, M., Murphy, J., Hartman, T. K., McKay, R., Hyland, P., Bennett, K. M., Stocks, T. V. A., Gibson-Miller, J., Levita, L., Mason, L., & Bentall, R. P. (2022). An 18-month follow-up of the Covid-19 Psychological Research Consortium (C19PRC) Study panel: Survey design and fieldwork procedures for Wave 6. [Preprint] doi:10.31234/osf.io/y9gbu
McBride, O., Butter, S., Hartman, T. K., Murphy, J., Hyland, P., Shevlin, M., Gibson-Miller, J., Levita, L., Mason, L., Martinez, A. P., McKay, R., Lloyd, A., Stocks, T. V. A., Bennett, K. M., Vallières, F., Karatzias, T., Valiente, C., Vazquez, C., Contreras, A., Bertamini, M., Panzeri, A., & Bruno, G. (2021). Sharing data to better understand one of the world's most significant shared experiences: An overview of the openly accessible COVID-19 Psychological Research Consortium (C19PRC) Study data. International Journal of Population Data Science, 5(4), 14. doi:10.23889/ijpds.v5i4.1704 
Spikol, E., McBride, O., Vallières, F., Butter, S., & Hyland, P. (2021). Tracking the Irish adult population during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic: A methodological report of the COVID-19 Psychological Research Consortium (C19PRC) Study in Ireland. Acta Psychologica, 220, 103416. doi:10.1016/j.actpsy.2021.103416
Bruno, G., Panzeri, A., Granziol, U., Alivernini, F., Chirico, A., Galli, F., Lucidi, F., Spoto, A., Vidotto, G., & Bertamini, M. (2021). The Italian COVID-19 Psychological Research Consortium (IT C19PRC): General overview and replication of the UK study. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 10, 52. doi:10.3390/jcm10010052
Valiente, C., Vázquez, C., Contreras, A., Peinado, V., & Trucharte, A. (2020). VIDA-COVID-19: A Spanish national representative study of psychological responses to the COVID-19 crisis: Socio-political beliefs, mental health difficulties and well-being. [Report]
 
Published papers
Gibson-Miller, J., Hartman, T. K., Levita, L., Martinez, A. P., Mason, L., McBride, O., McKay, R., Murphy, J., Shevlin, M., Stocks, T. V. A., Bennett, K. M., & Bentall, R. P. (2020). Capability, opportunity and motivation to enact hygienic practices in the early stages of the COVID-19 outbreak in the UKBritish Journal of Health Psychology, 25, 856-864. doi:10.1111/bjhp.12426
Shevlin, M., Nolan, E., Owczarek, M., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Gibson-Miller, J., Hartman, T. K., Levita, L., Mason, L., Martinez, A. P., McKay, R., Stocks, T. V. A., Bennett, K. M., Hyland, P., & Bentall, R. P. (2020). COVID‐19‐related anxiety predicts somatic symptoms in the UK populationBritish Journal of Health Psychology, 25, 875-882. doi:10.1111/bjhp.12430
Shevlin, M., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Gibson-Miller, J., Hartman, T. K., Levita, L., Mason, L., Martinez, A. P., McKay, R., Stocks, T. V. A., Bennett, K. M., Hyland, P., Karatzias, T., & Bentall., R. P. (2020). Anxiety, depression, traumatic stress and COVID-19 related anxiety in the UK general population during the COVID-19 pandemic. BJPsych Open, 6(6), e125. doi:10.1192/bjo.2020.109
Murphy, J., Vallières, F., Bentall, R. P., Shevlin, M., McBride, O., Hartman, T. K., McKay, R., Bennett, K., Mason, L., Gibson-Miller, J., Levita, L., Martinez, A. P., Stocks, T. V. A., Karatzias, T., & Hyland, P. (2021). Psychological characteristics associated with COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy and resistance in Ireland and the United Kingdom. Nature Communications, 12, 29. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-20226-9
Hartman, T. K., Stocks, T. V. A., McKay, R., Gibson-Miller, J., Levita, L., Martinez, A. P., Mason, L., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Shevlin, M., Bennett, K., Hyland, P., Karatzias, T., Vallières, F.,  & Bentall, R. P. (2021). The authoritarian dynamic during the COVID-19 pandemic: Effects on nationalism and anti-immigrant sentiment. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 12(7), 1274-1285. doi:10.1177/1948550620978023
Bentall, R. P., Lloyd, A., Bennett, K., McKay, R., Mason, L., Murphy, J., McBride, O., Hartman, T. K., Gibson-Miller, J., Levita, L., Martinez, A. P., Stocks, T. V. A., Butter, S., Vallières, F., Hyland, P., Karatzias, T., & Shevlin, M. (2020). Pandemic buying: Testing a psychological model of over-purchasing and panic buying using data from the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland during the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. PLOS ONE, 16(1): e0246339. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0246339.
Hartman, T. K., Marshall, M., Stocks, T. V. A., McKay, R., Bennett, K., Butter, S., Gibson-Miller, J., Hyland, P., Levita, L., Martinez, A. P., Mason, L., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Shevlin, M., Vallières, F., & Bentall, R. P. (2021). Different conspiracy theories have different psychological and social determinants: Comparison of three theories about the origins of the COVID-19 virus in a representative sample of the UK population. Frontiers in Political Science, 3, 642510. doi:10.3389/fpos.2021642510.
Shevlin, M., Butter, S., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Gibson-Miller, J., Hartman, T. K., Levita, L., Mason, L., Martinez, A. P., McKay, R., Stocks, T. V. A., Bennett, K., Hyland, P., & Bentall, R. (2021). Refuting the myth of a 'tsunami' of mental ill-health in populations affected by COVID-19: Evidence that response to the pandemic is heterogeneous, not homogeneous. Psychological Medicine. Advanced online publication. doi:10.1017/S0033291721001665
Zavlis, O., Butter, S., Bennett, K., Hartman, T. K., Hyland, P., Mason, L., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Gibson-Miller, J., Levita, L., Martinez, A. P., Shevlin, M., Stocks, T. V. A., Vallières, F., & Bentall, R. P. (2021). How does the COVID-19 pandemic impact on population mental health? A network analysis of COVID influences on depression, anxiety and traumatic stress in the UK population. Psychological Medicine. Advanced online publication. doi:10.1017/S0033291721000635
Lloyd, A., McKay, R., Hartman, T. K., Vincent, B., Murphy, J., Gibson-Miller, J., Levita, L., Bennett, K., McBride, O., Martinez, A. P., Stocks, T. V. A., Vallières, F., Hyland, P., Karatzias, T., Butter, S., Shevlin, M., Fleming, S., Bentall, R. P., & Mason, L. (2021). Delay discounting and under-valuing of recent information predict poorer adherence to social distancing measures during the COVID-19 pandemic. Scientific Reports, 11, 19237. doi:10.1038/s41598-021-98772-5
Shevlin, M., Butter, S., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Gibson-Miller, J., Hartman, T. K., Levita, L., Mason, L., Martinez, A. P., McKay, R., Stocks, T. V. A., Bennett, K., Hyland, P., Vallières, F., & Bentall, R. P. (2021). Psychological responses to the COVID-19 pandemic are heterogeneous but have stabilised over time: One year longitudinal follow-up of the COVID-19 Psychological Research Consortium  (C19PRC) Study. Psychological Medicine. Advanced online publication. doi:10.1017/S0033291721004025
Butter, S., Murphy, J., Hyland, P., McBride, O., Shevlin, M., Hartman, T. K., Bennett, K., Gibson-Miller, J., Levita, L., Martinez, A. P., Mason, L., McKay, R., Stocks, T. V. A., Vallières, F., & Bentall, R. P. (2021). Modelling the complexity of pandemic-related lifestyle quality change and mental health: An analysis of a nationally representative UK general population sample. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology [Advanced online publication]. doi:10.1007/s00127-021-02210-w
Shevlin, M., Butter, S., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Gibson-Miller, J., Hartman, T. K., Levita, L., Mason, L., Martinez, A. P., McKay, R., Stocks, T. V. A., Bennett, K., Hyland, P., Vallières, F., Valiente, C., Vazquez, C., Contreras, A., Peinado, V., Trucharte, A., Bertamini, M., Panzeri, A., Bruno, G., Granziol, U., Mignemi, G., Spoto, A., Vidotto, G., & Bentall., R. P. (2022). Measurement invariance of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scale across four European countries during the COVID-19 pandemic. BMC Psychiatry, 22, 154. doi:10.1186/s12888-022-03787-5
Waite, S., Hyland, P., Bennett, K. M., Bentall, R. P., & Shevlin, M. (2022). Testing alternative models and predictive utility of the Death Anxiety Inventory-Revised: A COVID-19 related longitudinal population based study. Acta Psychologica, 225, 103539.
McBride, O., Bunting, E., Harkin, O., Butter, S., Shevlin, M., Murphy, J., Mason, L., Hartman, T. K., McKay, R., Hyland, P., Levita, L., Gibson-Miller, J., Bennett, K. M., Stocks, T. V. A., Martinez, A., Vallières, F., Bentall, R. P. (2022). Testing both affordability-availability and psychological-coping mechanisms underlying changes in alcohol use during the COVID-19 pandemic.  PLoS One, 17(3), e0265145. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0265145
Gibson-Miller, J., Zavlis, O., Hartman, T. K., Bennett, K. M., Butter, S., Levita, L., Martinez, A. P., Mason, L., McBride, O., McKay, R., Murphy, J., Shevlin, M., Stocks, T. V. A., & Bentall, R. P. (2022). A network approach to understanding social distancing behaviour during the first lockdown of the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychology & Health. [Advanced online publication]. doi:10.1080/08870446.2022.2057497
Owczarek, M., Nolan, E., Shevlin, M., Butter, S., Karatzias, T., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Vallières, F., Bentall, R. P., Martinez, A. P., & Hyland, P. (2022). How is loneliness related to anxiety and depression: A population-based network analysis in the early lockdown period. International Journal of Psychology. [Advanced online publication]. doi:10.1002/ijop.12851
Karatzias, T., Shevlin, M., Murphy, J., McBride, O., Ben-Ezra, M., Bentall, R. P., Vallières, F., & Hyland, P. (2020). Posttraumatic stress symptoms and associated comorbidity during the COVID‐19 pandemic in Ireland: A population‐based study. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 33(4), 365-370. doi:10.1002/jts.22565
Hyland, P., Shevlin, M., Murphy, J., McBride, O., Fox, R., Bondjers, K., Karatzias, T., Bentall, R. P., Martinez, A., & Vallières, F. (2021). A longitudinal assessment of depression and anxiety in the Republic of Ireland before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Psychiatry Research, 300, 113905. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2021.113905
Hyland, P., Shevlin, M., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Karatzias, T., Bentall, R. P., Martinez, A. P., & Vallières, F. (2020). Anxiety and depression in the Republic of Ireland during the COVID-19 pandemicActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 142(3), 249-256. doi:10.111/acps.13219
Jowett, S., Shevlin, M., Hyland, P., & Karatzias, T. (2021). Posttraumatic stress disorder and persistent somatic symptoms during the COVID-19 epidemic: The role of sense of threat. Psychosomatic Medicine, 83(4), 338-344. doi:10.1097/PSY.0000000000000890.
Hyland, P., Vallières, F., Daly, M., Butter, S., Bentall, R. P., Fox, R., Karatzias, T., MacLachlan, M., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Murphy, D., Spikol, E., & Shevlin, M. (2021). Trajectories of change in internalizing  symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic: A longitudinal population-based study.  Journal of Affective Disorders, 295, 1024-1031. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2021.08.145
Hyland, P., Vallières, F., Shevlin, M., Bentall, R. P., McKay, R., Hartman, T. K., McBride, O., & Murphy, J. (2021). Resistance to COVID-19 vaccination has increased in Ireland and the UK during the pandemic. Public Health, 195, 54-55. doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2021.04.009
Shevlin, M., Hyland, P., & Karatzias, T. (2020). Is posttraumatic stress disorder meaningful in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic? A response to Van Overmeire's commentary on Karatzias et al. (2020)Journal of Traumatic Stress, 33(5), 866-868. doi:10.1002.jts.22592.
Hyland, P., Rochford, S., Munnelly, A., Dodd, P., Fox, R., Vallières, F., McBride, O., Shevlin, M., Bentall, R. P., Butter, S., Karatzias, T., & Murphy, J. (2021). Predicting risk along the suicidality continuum: A longitudinal, nationally representative study of the Irish population during the COVID-19 pandemic. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior. 52(1), 83-98. doi:10.1111/sltb.12783
Daly, M., MacLachlan, M., Maguire, R., McHugh Power, J., Nolan, A., Shevlin, M., Spikol, E., Vallières, F., & Hyland, P. (2021). Changes in PTSD, depression, and generalized anxiety before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in Ireland. Journal of Affective Disorders Reports, 5, 100184. doi:10.1016/j.jadr.2021.100184
Hyland, P., Vallières, F., Hartman, T. K., McKay, R., Butter, S., Bentall, R. P., McBride, O., Shevlin, M., Bennett, K., Mason, L., Gibson-Miller, J., Levita, L., Martinez, A. P., Stocks, T. V. A., Karatzias, T., Murphy, J. (2021). Detecting and describing stability and change in COVID-19 vaccine receptibility in the United Kingdom and Ireland. PLOS ONE, 16(11), e0258871. doi:10.137/journal.pone.0258871
Hyland, P., Vallières, F., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Shevlin, M., Bentall, R. P., Butter, S., Hartman, T. K., Karatzias, T., MacLachlan, M., Maguire, R., McHugh Power, J., Spikol, E., & Daly, M. (2021). Mental health of adults in Ireland during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic : Results from a nationally representative, longitudinal study. Psychological Medicine, 1-6. Advanced online publication. doi:10.1017/S0033291721004360
Raman, S., Hyland, P., & Coogan, A. N. (2022). Temporal associations between insomnia and depression symptoms in adults during the COVID-19 pandemic: A cross-lagged path modelling analysisPsychiatry Research, 312, 114533. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2022.114533.
Valiente, C., Contreras, A., Peinado, V., Trucharte, A., Martinez, A. P., & Vázquez, C. (2021).  Psychological adjustment in Spain during the COVID-19 pandemic: Positive and negative mental health outcomes in the general population. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 24, e8. doi:10.1017/SJP.2021.7
Vázquez, C., Valiente, C., García, F. E., Contreras, A., Peinado, V., Trucharte, A., & Bentall, R. P. (2021). Post-traumatic growth and stress-related responses during the COVID-19 pandemic in a national representative sample: The role of core beliefs about the world and others. Journal of Happiness Studies, 22, 2915-2935. doi:10.1007/s10902-020-00352-3
Valiente, C., Vázquez, C., Contreras, A., Peinado, V., & Trucharte, A. (2021). A symptom-based definition of resilience in times of pandemics: Patterns of psychological responses over time and their predictors. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 12(1). doi:10.1080/20008198.2020.1871555.
Valiente, C., Contreras, A., Trucharte, A., Peinado, V., & Espinosa, R. (2020). Psychometric properties and normative data of the Spanish version of short form persecution and deservedness scale. Psychosis, 13(2), 130-142. doi:10.1080/17522439.2020.1834605
Nieto, I., Navas, J. F., & Vazquez, C. (2020). The quality of research on mental health effects of the COVID-19 pandemic: A note of caution after a systematic review. Brain, Behavior, & Immunity - Health, 7, 100123. doi:10.1016/j.bbih.2020.100123
Trucharte, A., Calderón, L., Cerezo, E., Contreras, A., Peinado, V., & Valiente, C. (2021). Three-item loneliness scale: Psychometric properties and normative data of the Spanish version. Current Psychology. Advanced online publication. doi:10.1007/s12144-021-02110-x
Panzeri, A., Bertamini, M., Butter, S., Levita, L., Gibson-Miller, J., Vidotto, G., Bentall, R. P., & Bennett, K. M. (2021). Factors impacting resilience as a result of exposure to COVID-19: The ecological resilience model. PLOS ONE, 16(8), e0256041. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0256041
Thomas, J., Barbato, M., Verlinden, M., Gaspar, C., Moussa, M., Ghorayeb, J., Menon, A., Figueiras, M. J., Arora, T., & Bentall, R. P. (2020). Psychosocial correlates of depression and anxiety in the United Arab Emirates during the COVID-19 pandemic. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11, 1248. doi:10.3389/fpsyt.2020.564172
Figueiras, M. J., Ghorayeb, J., Continho, M. V., Marôco, J., & Thomas, J. (2021). Sources of information, trust, and protective health behaviors during COVID-19 pandemic: A UAE cross-sectional study. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 2780. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.633550
Barbato, M., & Thomas, J. (2020). Far from the eyes, close to the heart: Psychological impact of COVID-19 in a sample of Italian foreign workersPsychiatry Research, 290, 113113. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2020.113113
Thomas, J., & Barbato, M. (2020). Positive religious coping and mental health among Christians and Muslims in response to the COVID-19 pandemicReligions, 11(10), 498. doi:10.3390/rel11100498.
 
Preprints
Murphy, J., Spikol, E., McBride, O., Shevlin, M., Bennett, K., Hartman, T. K., Hyland, P., Karatzias, T., Levita, L., Martinez, A. P., Mason, L., McKay, R., Gibson-Miller, J., Stocks, T. V. A., Vallières, F., & Bentall, R. P. (2020). The psychological wellbeing of frontline workers in the United Kingdom during the COVID-19 pandemic: First and second wave findings from the COVID-19 Psychological Research Consortium (C19PRC) Study. [Preprint] doi:10.31234/osf.io/dcynw
Shevlin, M., McBride, O., Murphy, J., Gibson-Miller, J., Hartman, T. K., Levita, L., Mason, L., Martinez, A. P., McKay, R., Stocks, T. V. A., Bennett, K. M., Hyland, P., & Bentall, R. P. (2020). Demographic, health and mental health predictors of face mask wearing in the UK population during the COVID-19 lockdown period. [Preprint] doi:10.31219/osf.io/mhj59
Vallières, F., Murphy, J., McBride, O., Shevlin, M., Gilmore, B., Travers, Á., Nolan, A., Butter, S., Karatzias, T., Bentall, R. P., & Hyland, P. (2021). The role of psychosocial factors in explaining sex differences in major depression and generalized anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic. [Preprint]
 
Reports
Levita, L., Gibson-Miller, J., Hartman, T. K., Murphy, J., Shevlin, M., McBride, O., McKay, R., Mason, L., Martinez, A. P., Stocks, T. V. A., Bennett, K., & Bentall, R. P. (2020). Report 1: Impact of Covid-19 on young people aged 13-24 in the UK- preliminary findings[Report]
Levita, L., Gibson-Miller, J., Hartman, T. K., Murphy, J., Shevlin, M., McBride, O., Mason, L., Martinez, A. P., Bennett, K., Stocks, T. V. A, McKay, R., & Bentall, R. P. (2020). Report 2: Impact of Covid-19 on young people aged 13-24 in the UK- preliminary findings. [Report]
COVID-19 Psychological Research Consortium (C19PRC). (2020). Initial research findings on COVID-19 and mental health in the UK. [Report]
 
Book chapters
Gibson-Miller, J., Zavlis, O., Hartman, T. K., McBride, O., Bennett, K., Butter, S., Levita, L., Mason, L., Martinez, A. P., McKay, R., Murphy, J., Shevlin, M., Stocks, T. V. A., & Bentall, R. P. (2021). Psychological factors influencing protective behaviours during the COVID-19 pandemic: Capability, opportunity and motivation. In F. Gabrielli & F. Irtelli (Eds.), Anxiety, uncertainty, and resilience during the pandemic period - Anthropological and psychological perspectives (online ahead of print). Intech Open. doi:10.5772/intechopen.98237.

For details of other new and existing cohort studies investigating the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health, see the COVID-MINDS catalogue.