Porous silicon for lithium battery anodes

A scalable, ultralow temperature and safer method for producing high-value and stable porous silicon for battery anodes.

Abstract battery image.

This technology is currently undergoing scale-up trials, extensive performance testing and patenting. We are seeking potential partners with clear intent to invest in the technology. There are a number of new developments and trade secrets in the pipeline. 

These are open for discussion and licensing.

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Silicon anodes have very high capacity and hence policy and markets are driving the present 5-10 wt% of silicon in anodes to 20 wt% by 2030 and even higher in the future. Currently used silicon has low cyclability due to rapid degradation.

  • Porous silicon helps avoid degradation.
  • Current methods cannot produce porous silicon at scale.
  • This results in high production costs, problematic scale-up, unsafe manufacturing processes and low-performance products. 

Magnesiothermic reduction has recently emerged as a bulk method for producing porous silicon at scale and it can help meet future demands. 

However, magnesiothermic reduction requires high temperatures. It can result in multiple problems such as high production costs and low-performance products.

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We have discovered an ultralow temperature magnesiothermic process based on a specific composition of feedstock that will react at temperatures far lower than previously reported.


  • Operates at 200°C lower than current processes.
  • The process produces yields similar or greater than those achieved at higher temperatures.
  • Production cost is 50% lower than the current market price for anode-grade silicon.
  • Porous silicon made by our process outperforms those made by conventional magnesiothermic reduction, with future scope for optimisation to improve the performance.
  • It offers ease of scale-up and operation using established processing equipment.
  • Low temperature and no need for hydrofluoric acid significantly improves process safety.
  • Tunable structures and porosity for desired anode formulations.
  • There is supply chain independence due to flexibility with the silicon source.