Image of Professor Sarah SalwayProfessor Sarah Salway

Professorial Research Fellow (and Professor of Public Health)

BA(Hons), University of Oxford; MSc, PhD, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Telephone: 0114 222 6438 (external) 26438 (internal)
Room: Elmfield, G31


Sarah joined the Department of Sociological Studies in 2017, having previously been based within the School of Health & Related Research at the University of Sheffield from 2013. Prior to that, she worked at Sheffield Hallam University and London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and spent extended periods of time living and researching in India and Bangladesh.

Sarah’s work lies at the intersection of sociology, social policy and public health, with the aim of understanding and addressing the social and political determinants of health and wellbeing. Her work has particularly focused on health inequalities linked to migration, ethnicity and gender, and the processes of identification and in/exclusion operating at policy, practice and community levels that shape health-related experiences and outcomes. Her work also includes a focus on understanding the perspectives of service users and improving the fit between provision/initiatives and needs within complex systems. A parallel body of work explores the ethics and science of researching race/ethnicity and health. Projects have focused on a range of health topics, particularly reproductive health. Much of Sarah’s work involves close collaboration with statutory and third sector organisations, as well as partnerships with community-based groups and local people. Her research is international, with recent projects taking place in UK, Malawi, Ghana, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Currently, Sarah leads the cross-faculty Health Equity and Inclusion Research Group and is engaged in work under the umbrella of the national UK NIHR National School for Public Health Research and the CLAHRC for Yorkshire & Humber.


Selected research grants

Date Sponsor Details

Medical Research Council (Health Systems Research Initiative)

Scaling up the 24/7 Basic Health Unit strategy to provide round the clock maternity care in Punjab, Pakistan: A theory-driven implementation study. PI: Salway, S and Mumtaz, Z. CIs: Bhatti, A, Booth, A and Dawson, J. £780,000


National Institute for Health Research, UK (Public Health Research Funding Board)

How can loneliness and social isolation be reduced among migrant and minority ethnic people? PI: Salway, S. CIs: Booth, A, Preston, L, Victor, C, Such, E, Ragavan, R, Powell, K and Hamilton, J. £212,200.


The Health Foundation

Supporting new migrants in primary care. PI: Such, E. CIs: Salway, S, Walton, E. £55,443.


National Institute for Health Research, UK

School for Public Health Research. PI: Nicholl, J. CIs: Goyder, E, Salway, S, Meier, P, Brennan, A. £1.6 million.


Canadian IDRC

Improving standards based maternity care in Malawi. PI: Chirwa, E. CIs: Mumtaz, Z, Salway S. et al. Ca$1million.


Medical Research Council (Public Health Intervention Development Scheme)

Modifying a weight management intervention for people with intellectual disabilities. PI: Croot, E. CIs: O’Cathain, A, Salway, S, Harris, J, Hatton, C, Lanvin, J. £148,023.


National Institute for Health Research, UK. (Knowledge Mobilisation Research Fellowship)

Mobilising knowledge about ethnic inequalities to improve access, experience and outcomes for Black and Minority Ethnic users of NHS services. Fellow: Carter, L. CI Mentors: Salway, S, Gerrish, K. £145,847.


National Institute for Health Research, UK

CLAHRC Yorkshire & Humber Public Health & Inequalities Theme. PI: Goyder, E. CIs: Salway, S, Tod, A. £941,433.


UK Department of Health (Policy Research Programme)

A study of knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes about Hepatitis B among Chinese and Far East Asian residents of South Yorkshire. PI: Vedio, A. CIs: Lee, A, Horsely, J, Salway, S, Goyder, E. £220,219.


National Institute for Health Research, UK (Health Services & Delivery Research)

Towards equitable commissioning for our multi-ethnic society: understanding and enhancing the critical utilisation of evidence by strategic commissioners and public health managers. PI: Salway, S. CIs: Gerrish, K, Mir, G, Ellison, GTH, Whitfield, M. £348,100.


Economic and Social Research Council (National Centre for Research Methods)

Promoting methodological innovation and capacity building in research on ethnicity. PI: Dale, A. CIs: Nazroo, J, Salway, S, Platt, L. £24,000.


Canadian Institute of Health Research

Addressing disparities in maternal health care in Pakistan: gender, class and exclusion.. PI: Mumtaz, Z. CIs: Hamid, Lang, L, Shanner, Salway S, Zaman. Ca$450,000.


Economic and Social Research Council

Patterns, predictors and implications of multi-morbidity: exploring the co-incidence of depression and other types of chronic ill-health.. PI: Salway, S. CI: Coy, J, Grimsley, M. £24,600.


Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Ethnic diversity in social science research. PI: Salway, S. CI: Ellison, GTH, Gerrish, K. £82,000.


Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Fathering in middle childhood among UK South Asians. PI: Salway, S. CI: Clarke, L., Chowbey, P. £104,000.


Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Limiting illness, poverty and ethnicity: breaking the vicious cycle. PI: Salway S. CIs: Platt, L, Bayliss, E. £89,817.


The Nuffield Foundation (Career Development Fellowship)

Bangladeshi households in North and South: a conceptual and empirical exploration of livelihoods and wellbeing. PI: Salway S. Mentor: Grundy, E. £76,813.

Selected consultancy and knowledge transfer projects

Date Sponsor Details

Public Health England

Ethnicity and health in UK: technical support to an evidence review. PI: Salway, S. £5,000.


Medical Research Council P2D and Public Health England

Modern slavery: the public health response. PIs: Salway, S, and Such, E. £14,735.


Wellcome Trust

Review of diversity and inclusion literature and an evaluation of methodologies and metrics relating to health research. PI: Wilsdon, J, CIs: Salway, S, Booth, A, Preston, L et al. £45,270.


Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Poverty and stress: review project. PI: Blank, L. CIs: Goyder,E Baxter,S, Salway, S, Bissell, P. £29,928.


Sheffield Clinical Commissioning Group

Identifying promising innovations to enhance equity and efficiency in care for new migrant populations. PI: Such, E. CIs: Salway, S and Walton, E. £22,659.


Sheffield City Council

Developing online training resource for health professionals and the public on consanguinity and recessive genetic disorders. PI: Salway, S. £4,000.


Genetics Disorders UK

A participatory research study to develop a community genetic literacy intervention. PI: Salway, S. CI: Hussein, G., Ali, P. £23,124.


NHS Sheffield

A community based survey of knowledge and attitudes related to infant health. PI: Salway, S. CI: Piercy, H., Ismail, H. £12,000.


NHS Leeds

Cousin marriage and genetic risk: insight and development work.. PI: Salway, S. CI: Dearden, A, Ali, P. £16,500.


NHS Sheffield

Exploration of factors contributing to lower revascularisation rates among Pakistani women in Sheffield: preliminary studies & proposal development. PI: Piercy, H. CI: Salway, S., Chowbey, P. £13,500.


UK Department for Work and Pensions

A review of the experiences of clients of the Pensions, Carers and Disability Service from minority ethnic backgrounds. PI: Salway, S. CIs: Allmark, P., Crisp, D. £20,000.


UK Equalities and Human Rights Commission

Scientific overview of health and life expectancy for the Triennial Review. PI: Salway, S. Allmark P CIs: Piercy, H. £24,560.


Trent Research Development Support Unit

Increasing capacity in researching ethnic inequalities in health. PI: Salway, S. CI: Brewins, L., Dhoot, P. £14,500.


NHS Bradford and Airedale

Development of a digital learning resource for cultural competence training. PI: Salway S. CI: Higginbottom, G. £4,000.


NHS Sheffield

Evaluation of the Enhanced Public Health Programmes. PI: Salway S, Tod, A. CI: McClimens, A, Chowbey, P. £25,000.


South Yorkshire Eating Disorders Association

Adapting Syeda's services to better meet the needs of minority ethnic communities: evaluation and feasibility study. PI: Salway S. CI: Chowbey P, Ismail, M. £3,600.


NHS Bradford & Airedale

Documenting the experiences and insights of UK South Asian GPs in Bradford. . PI: Salway, S. CI: Higginbottom, G. £9,400.

Postgraduate supervision

Sarah has supervised 10 students to successful completion, including both UK and international students. She welcomes enquiries from prospective students interested in investigating the broad linkages between migration, race/ethnicity and health and the gendered influences on health and wellbeing. She is particularly interested to supervise projects focused on South Asia and/or British Asian populations, poverty and reproductive health. Sarah can support a range of methodological approaches.

Current students (based across Sociological Studies, ScHARR and AUPMC):

Christy Braham - Health navigators and migrant women's health needs (University of Sheffield fellowship).
Alicia Vedio - Health practitioner roles in supporting access to Hepatitis B care among British Chinese patients.
Rebecca Mawson - General practice (primary healthcare) contributions to tackling inequalities in sexual and reproductive health.
Christie Garner - Children's perspectives on the Strengthening Families, Strengthening Communities Programme (In collaboration with the Race Equality Foundation; White Rose Doctoral Training Centre fellowship)
Natalie Bennett - Neighbourhood diversity and mental wellbeing (funded by NIHR School for Public Health Research)

To find out more about our PhD programmes, go to:
Studying for a PhD in Sociology




Salway, S., Barley, R. Allmark, P. et al. (2011) Ethnic Diversity and inequality – ethical and scientific rigour in social research. Joseph Rowntree Foundation: York. ISBN: 978 1 85935 808 5.

Salway, S. Chowbey, P. and Clarke, L. (2009) Parenting in modern Britain: understanding the experiences of Asian fathers. Joseph Rowntree Foundation & York Publishing: York. ISBN: 978-1-85935-699-9.

Salway S., L. Platt, P. Chowbey, K. Harriss and E. Bayliss (2007) Long-term ill-health, poverty and ethnicity. The Policy Press: Bristol. ISBN 978 1 86134 993 4.

Book Chapters

Chowbey, P and Salway, S (2016). 'I feel my Dad every moment!': memory, emotion and embodiment in British South Asian fathering practices. In: Pooley, S and Qureshi, K, (eds.) Parenthood between generations: transforming reproductive cultures. Fertility, Reproduction and Sexuality (32). Brooklyn, NY and Oxford, Berghahn Books

Salway S and Ellison G (2015) 'Nursing research for a multiethnic society. In Gerrish K and Lacey, A (eds.) The Research Process in Nursing. Seventh Edition. Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford.

Salway, S, Chowbey, P and Harriss, K (2010) ' Researching locality with Community Researchers: putting long-term illness in context' Chapter in Mason, J and Dale, A (eds.) Social Researching. Sage Publications.

Journal Articles

Ali P, Salway SM, Such E, Dearden A, Wilcox M (2018) Enhancing health literacy through co-design: development of culturally appropriate materials on genetic risk and customary consanguineous marriage. Primary Health Care Research and Development (in press).

Salway S and Green J (2017) Towards a critical complex systems approach to public health. Critical Public Health 27(5):523-524.

Lee ACK, Vedio A, Liu EZH, Horsley J, Jesurasa A, Salway S (2017) Determinants of uptake of hepatitis B testing and healthcare access by migrant Chinese in the England: a qualitative study. BMC Public Health 17(1):26.

Ellison G, Aspinall P, Smart A, Salway S (2017) The ambiguities of "race" in UK science, social policy and political discourse. Journal of Anthropological Sciences 95:1-8 03.

Sanders T, Grove A, Salway S, Hampshaw S, Goyder E (2017) Incorporation of a health economic modelling tool into public health commissioning: Evidence use in a politicised context. Social Science & Medicine. 186:122-129.

Green, JM, Buckner, S, Milton, S, Powell, K, Salway, S & Moffatt, S (2017) A model of how targeted and universal welfare entitlements impact on material, psycho-social and structural determinants of health in older adults. Social Science & Medicine 187: 20-28.

Salway SM, Payne N, Rimmer M, et al. (2017) Identifying inequitable healthcare in older people: systematic review of current research practice. International Journal for Equity in Health 16: 123.

Mumtaz Z, Ferguson A, Bhatti A, Salway S (2017) Learning from failure? Political expediency, evidence, and inaction in global maternal health. Social Science & Medicine (online early; in press).

Vedio, A, Liu, EZH, Lee, ACK, Salway, S (2017) Improving access to health care for chronic hepatitis B among migrant Chinese populations: A systematic mixed methods review of barriers and enablers. Journal of Viral Hepatitis 24:526–540.

Such, E, Walton,E, Delaney,B, Harris, J, Salway, S (2017) Adapting primary care for new migrants: a formative assessment. British Journal of General Practice Open, BJGP-2017-0701.

Such, E, Salway, S, Copeland,R, Haake, S, Domone, S, Mann, S (2016) A formative review of physical activity interventions for minority ethnic populations in England. Journal of Public Health 39(4): e265-e274.

Orton, L, Halliday, E, Collins, M, Egan, M, Lewis, S, Ponsford, R, Powell, K Salway S. et al. (2016) Putting context centre stage: evidence from a systems evaluation of an area based empowerment initiative in England. Critical Public Health, 1-13.

Salway, S, Ali P, Ratcliffe, G et al. (2016) Responding to the increased genetic risk associated with customary consanguineous marriage among minority ethnic populations: lessons from local innovations in England. Journal of Community Genetics 7 (3), 215-228.

Salway, S Mir, G, Turner, D et al. (2016) Obstacles to race equality in the English National Health Service: insights from the healthcare commissioning arena. Social Science & Medicine 152: 102-110

Salway, S, Chowbey, P, Such, E, Ferguson, B (2015) Researching health inequalities with Community Researchers: practical, methodological and ethical challenges of an ‘inclusive’ research approach. Research Involvement and Engagement 1:9.

Ceolta-Smith J, Salway S and Tod AM (2015) A Review of Health-related Support Provision within the UK Work Programme - What's on the Menu? Social Policy and Administration, 49(2), 254-276.

Rajapaksa-Hewageegana N, Piercy H, Salway S & Samarage S (2015) Sexual and reproductive knowledge, attitudes and behaviours in a school going population of Sri Lankan adolescents. Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare, 6(1), 3-8.

Mumtaz Z, Levay A, Bhatti A & Salway S (2015) Good on paper: The gap between programme theory and real-world context in Pakistan's Community Midwife programme. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 122(2), 249-258.

Milton S, Buckner S, Salway S, Powell K, Moffatt S & Green J (2015) Understanding welfare conditionality in the context of a generational habitus: A qualitative study of older citizens in England. Journal of Aging Studies, 34, 113-122.

Rajapaksa-Hewageegana, N, Salway, S and Piercy, H (2014) A quantitative exploration of the sociocultural context of teenage pregnancy in Sri Lanka. BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth 14:394.

Qureshi, K, Salway, S, Chowbey, P and Platt, L. et al. (2014) Long-term ill health and the social embeddedness of work: a study of ill-health related worklessness in a working class and ethnically diverse locality. Sociology of Health & Illness. 36, 7: 955–969

Mumtaz, Z, Salway S. et al (2014) Addressing invisibility, inferiority and powerlessness to achieve gains in maternal health for the ultra-poor. The Lancet 383: 1095-7

Mumtaz, Z, Salway S. et al. (2013) Improving maternal health in Pakistan: towards a deeper understanding of the social determinants of poor women's access to maternal health services. American Journal of Public Health 104, S1: S17-S24.

Mumtaz, Z, Leavy, A, Bhatti, A, and Salway S. (2013) Signalling, Status and Inequities in Maternal Health Care Use in Punjab, Pakistan. Social Science and Medicine 94: 98-105.

Salway S. Turner, D., Mir G. et al. (2013) Towards equitable commissioning for our multi-ethnic population. Health Services and Delivery Research, 1, 14.

Mumtaz, Z., Salway S. et al. (2013) The role of social geography in Lady Health Workers' mobility and effectiveness in Pakistan. Social Science and Medicine 91: 48-57.

Turner, D., Salway, S., Mir, G. et al. (2013) Prospects for progress on health inequalities in England in the post-primary care trust era: professional views on challenges, risks and opportunities. BMC Public Health 13:274.

Mir, G, Salway, S et al. (2013) Principles for research on ethnicity and health: the Leeds Consensus Statement. European Journal of Public Health 23(3): 504-10

Chowbey, P, Salway, S and Clarke, L. (2012) Supporting fathers in multi-ethnic societies: Insights from British Asian fathers. Journal of Social Policy 42(2): 391-408.

Mumtaz, Z, Salway, S, Shanner, L, Zaman,S and Laing, L (2012) Addressing disparities in maternal health care in Pakistan: gender, class and exclusion. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 12, 80. doi: 10.1186/1471-2393-12-80 .

Salway, S, Higginbottom, G, Reime, B. et al. (2011) Contributions and challenges of cross-national comparative research in migration, ethnicity and health. BMC Public Health 11:514.

Salway, S, Barley, R, Allmark, P et al. (2011) Can the quality of social research on ethnicity be improved through the introduction of guidance? Findings from a research commissioning pilot exercise. International Journal of Social Research Methodology 7: 201–218.

Mumtaz, Z and Salway, S (2009) Understanding gendered influences on women’s reproductive health in Pakistan: moving beyond the ‘autonomy paradigm. Social Science & Medicine 68 (7): 1349-56.

Salway, S, Barley, R, et al. (2009) Social research for a multiethnic society: an exploration of current guidance and future possible directions. 21st Century Society 4(1):53-81.

Platt, L, Salway, S, Chowbey,P and Harriss, K (2008). Ill-health in the family: the intersection of employment and caring across households from four ethnic groups. Benefits: The Journal of Poverty and Social Justice 16(1):33-45.

Salway, S (2008) Labour market experiences of young UK Bangladeshi men: Identity, inclusion and exclusion in inner-city London. Ethnic and Racial Studies 31(6):1126-1152.

Salway, S, Platt, L, Chowbey, P and Harriss, K (2007) Long-term health conditions and Disability Living Allowance: exploring ethnic differences and similarities in access. Sociology of Health & Illness 29(6):907-930.

Salway, S (2007) Economic Activity among UK Bangladeshi and Pakistani Women in the 1990s: Evidence for Continuity or Change in the Family Resources Survey. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 33(5): 825-847.

Mumtaz, Z and Salway, S (2006) Gender, pregnancy and the uptake of antenatal care services in Pakistan. Sociology of Health & Illness 29(1):1-26.

Furuta, M and Salway, S (2006) Women’s position within the household as a determinant of maternal healthcare use in Nepal. International Family Planning Perspectives 32(1):17-27.

Mumtaz, Z and Salway, S (2005) ‘I never go anywhere’: Extricating the links between women’s mobility and uptake of reproductive health services in Pakistan. Social Science and Medicine 60(8): 1751-1765.

Salway, S, Rahman, S. and Jesmin, S. (2005) Women’s employment in urban Bangladesh: a challenge to gender identity? Development and Change 36(2):317-349.