There are two main routes to getting PhD funding. Both of these normally pay fees and a maintenance stipend. However some students may only be eligible for partial fees, or a fees-only award. Check the eligibility criteria of each scheme carefully.
1. Competition funding
This is where you apply for funding for your own PhD project, in competition with other PhD offer-holders. You need to demonstrate that your project is better (based on the competition criteria) than theirs.
2. Project funding
This is where you apply to work on a specific project which already has funding attached. You need to demonstrate that you are better qualified to complete the project than other applicants.