Professor Lin Ma

BSc, MSc, PhD

Professor Lin MaDepartment of Mechanical Engineering
1st floor, the Arts Tower
Western Bank
Sheffield S10 2TN
T +44(0)114 21 57212


Professor Ma completed his PhD at the University of Leeds, then took a series of posts at the University including Research Fellow, Senior Research Fellow, Senior Lecturer and Associate Professor. He has been working on sustainable energy technology and in particular on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modelling of various energy processes and a wide range of industrial fluid flow, heat and mass transfer problems. He took up the post of Professor of Mechanical Engineering (Energy) at the University of Sheffield in February 2015, as a member of the Energy 2050 initiative.

Areas of Research

Lin’s research is in the field of future clean and sustainable energy technology with a focus on multi-scale energy process computational and CFD modelling. His active research areas include carbon capture and storage from power generation processes, clean coal/biomass combustion for power generation and pollutants formation prediction, fuel related ash deposition, slagging and fouling in power plant furnaces, future power plant multi-scale and dynamic simulation, wind turbine aerodynamics and wind resources prediction, fuel cells and anaerobic digestion processes modelling.

He has been participating in a number of major clean fuel and renewable energy technology research projects sponsored by RCUK, TSB, EU, and industry. He has co-authored over 160 pear reviewed research papers in leading scientific research journals and conferences, including the publication of two books and two patents.

Current Research Grants

EPSRC - Opening New Fuels for UK Generation, £455k
EPSRC - Selective exhaust gas recirculation for CCS with GT, £340k
EPSRC - Process intensification for post-combustion capture, £350k
EPSRC - BioCPV - Integration of biomass and photovoltaic system, £500k
EU FP7 SWIP wind turbine development and demonstration, €670k
EU FP7 RELCOM - Oxy-coal combustion (FP7-268191), €622k
EPSRC UKCCSRC - Bio-CAP - Biomass combustion with CO2 capture, £750k
EPSRC UKCCSRC - Radiative heat flux in small/large scale furnaces, £200k
EPSRC UKCCSRC - Oxy-coal combustion with real flue/vent gas recycling, £255k

Journal articles


  • Almohammadi KM, Ingham DB, Ma L & Pourkashanian M (2013) Effect of Transitional Turbulence Modelling on a Straight Blade Vertical Axis Wind Turbine, Alternative Energies (pp. 93-112). Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • Huang W, Wang Z, Pourkashanian M, Ma L, Ingham DB, Luo S & Liu J (2010) Hydrogen fuelled scramjet combustor-the impact of fuel injection, Fuel Injection Sciyo
  • Ma L, Pourkashanian M & Ingham DB (2008) Advances in Fuel Cell/Turbine Hybrid Systems In Chen X (Ed.), Applied Physics in the 21st Century (pp. 109).
  • Ma L, Ingham DB & Pourkashanian M (2005) Application of fluid flows through porous media in fuel cells In Ingham DB & Pop I (Ed.), Transport Phenomena in Porous Media III Elsevier
  • Ingham DB & Ma L (2005) Fundamental Equations for CFD in River Flow Simulations, Computational Fluid Dynamics: Applications in Environmental Hydraulics (pp. 17-49).
  • Ingham DB & Ma L (2001) Cyclones in Industrial Ventilation In Goodfellow H & Tahti E (Ed.), Industrial Ventilation Guide Book (pp. 1200-1211). London: Academic Press.
  • Ma L, Fan YC & Naijin C (1992) Research on similarity law to gas-solid two phase flow in turbomachinery, Engineering Mechanics (pp. 730-737). Beijing Science and Technology Book Press

Conference proceedings papers

  • Stechly K, Clements A, Al-Qayim K, Alvarez Rodriguez A, Szuhanski J, Daood SS, Ingham D, Ma L, Nimmo W & Pourkashanian M (2016) CFD Predictions of Biomass Combustion in a 250 kW Combustion Test Facility. NA, 2 September 2016 - 7 September 2016.
  • Orogbemi O, Ingham DB, Ismail MS, Hughes K, Ma L & Pourkashanian M (2015) The effects of the composition of microporous layers on the permeability of gas diffusion layers. Proceedings of the 6th European Fuel Cell - Piero Lunghi Conference, EFC 2015 (pp 275-276)
  • Ali U, Palma CF, Hughes KJ, Ingham DB, Ma L & Pourkashanian M (2015) Thermodynamic analysis and process system comparison of the exhaust gas recirculated, steam injected and humidified micro gas turbine. Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, Vol. 3
  • Mallick TK, Micheli L, Banerjee S, Shanks K, Lokeswaran S, Baig H, Calabria F, Sarmah N, Walker M, Theristis M, Reddy KS, Ghosh P, Walker G, Choudhury S, Pourkashanian M, O'Donovan T, Hamilton J, Poggio D, Giddings D, Hazara A, Balachandran S, Grant D, Nimmo W, Ma L, Mathew AK, Goswami R, Chakraborty A, Dinha D, Bandyopadhyay K, Almonacid F & Fernandez EF (2015) Status and perspective of concentrating photovoltaic systems: The results of the BioCPV project and opportunities for a sustainable energy supply to rural areas. ISES Solar World Congress 2015, Conference Proceedings (pp 488-499)
  • Chalmers H, Al-Jeboori M, Anthony B, Balusamy S, Black S, Marincola FC, Clements A, Darabkhani H, Dennis J, Farrow T, Fennell P, Franchetti B, Gao L, Gibbins J, Hochgreb S, Hossain M, Jurado N, Kempf A, Liu H, Lu G, Ma L, Navarro-Martinez S, Nimmo W, Oakey J, Pranzitelli A, Scott S, Snape C, Sun C-G, Sun D, Szuhánszki J, Trabadela I, Wigley F, Yan Y & Pourkashanian M (2014) OxyCAP UK: Oxyfuel Combustion - academic Programme for the UK. Energy Procedia, Vol. 63 (pp 504-510)
  • Cui X, Yan Y, Ma L, Ma Y & Han X (2014) CO2 leak detection through acoustic sensing and infrared imaging. AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1592 (pp 295-301)
  • Walker M, Ma L & Pourkashanian M (2013) Optimisation of a gas-mixed anaerobic digester using a combined CFD and biochemical kinetic modelling approach. International Conference on Advances in Energy Research. IITB, Mumbai, India, 10 December 2013 - 12 December 2013.
  • Alhazmi N, Ismail MS, Ingham DB, Hughes KJ, Ma L & Pourkashanian M (2013) The through-plane thermal conductivity and the contact resistance of the components of the membrane electrode assembly in proton exchange membrane fuel cells. EFC 2013 - Proceedings of the 5th European Fuel Cell Piero Lunghi Conference (pp 113-114)
  • Millward-Hopkins JT, Tomlin AS, Ma L, Ingham DB & Pourkashanian M (2012) Mapping the Urban Wind Resource over UK cities using an analytical downscaling method. European Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition 2012, EWEC 2012, Vol. 2 (pp 1306-1315)
  • Liu H, Tan H, Xiong X, Yao L, Niu Y, Ma L & Xu T (2012) A improved fuzzy analytic hierarchy process application in prevention high temperature corrosion. Cleaner Combustion and Sustainable World - Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Coal Combustion (pp 474-479)
  • Alhazmi N, Hughes K, Ingham D, Ismail M, Ma L & Pourkashanian M (2011) The effect of anisotropic GDL on the performance of PEM fuel cell. EFC 2011 - Proceedings of the 4th European Fuel Cell Piero Lunghi Conference and Exhibition (pp 407-408)
  • Huang W, Wang Z-G, Luo S-B, Liu J, Xia Z-X, Lei J, Jin L, Wang Z-W, Pourkashanian M, Ma L & Ingham DB (2011) Overview of fuel injection techniques for scramjet engines. Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, Vol. 2(PARTS A AND B) (pp 17-24)
  • Luo S-B, Huang W, Qin H, Wang Z-G, Liu J, Xia Z-X, Lei J, Pourkashanian M, Ma L, Ingham DB & Luo W-L (2011) Investigation of turbulent models for the flow field from a typical strut-based scramjet combustor. Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, Vol. 2(PARTS A AND B) (pp 25-31)
  • Wang S, Ma L, Ingham DB, Pourkashanian M & Tao Z (2010) Turbulence modelling of deep dynamic stall at low Reynolds number. WCE 2010 - World Congress on Engineering 2010, Vol. 2 (pp 1350-1355)
  • Huang W, Luo S-B, Pourkashanian M, Ma L, Ingham DB, Liu J & Wang Z-G (2010) Numerical simulations of a typical hydrogen fueled scramjet combustor with a cavity flameholder. WCE 2010 - World Congress on Engineering 2010, Vol. 2 (pp 1000-1003)
  • Vural Y, Ma L, Ingham DB, Pourkashanian M & Ismail M (2009) On the multicomponent mass transport in an anode-supported solid oxide fuel cell. EFC 2009 - Piero Lunghi Conference, Proceedings of the 3rd European Fuel Cell Technology and Applications Conference (pp 185-186)
  • Rosli MI, Pourkashanian M, Ingham D, Ma L, Borman DJ & Ismail M (2009) Transparent PEM Fuel Cells for Direct visualization Experiments. 2009 Proceedings of the ASME 7th International Fuel Cell Science, Engineering and Technology Conference(FuelCell2009-85089) (pp 329-337). The Marriott Newport Beach Hotel and Spa, Newport Beach, California, 8 June 2009 - 10 June 2009.
  • Ismail M, Hughes K, Ingham D, Ma L, Pourkashanian M & Rosli M (2009) Through-plane permeability for untreated and PTFE-treated gas diffusion layers in proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Fuel Cell Science, Engineering, and Technology 2009 (pp 713-721)
  • Hassan G, Pourkashanian M, Ingham D, Ma L & Taylor S (2009) Reduction of pollutants emissions from domestic boilers - CFD study. ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings, Vol. 3 (pp 229-238)
  • Gharebaghi M, Goh B, Jones JM, Ma L, Pourkashanian M & Williams A (2009) Numerical investigation of char reactivity in oxy-coal combustion in carbon capture and sequestration technologies. Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, Vol. 1 (pp 437-447)
  • Uryga-Bugajska I, Catalanotti E, Pourkashanian M, Ma L, Borman D & Wilson CW (2009) Assesment of the performance of alternative aviation fuel in a Modern Air-spray Combustor (MAC). ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Proceedings, Vol. 3 (pp 61-69) View this article in WRRO
  • Gharebaghi M, Goh B, Ma L, Pourkashanian M & Williamsa A (2008) Numerical investigation of oxy-coal combustion in pilot scale and the challenges. 25th Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Proceedings
  • Porter R, Hesselmann G, Ma L, Pourkashanian M, Simpson N, Smith BW, Smith D & Williams A (2008) Assessment of radiation models in the prediction of heat transfer in coal combustionand oxy-fuel firing. 25th Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, PCC - Proceedings
  • Carcadea E, Ingham DB, Ma L, Pourkashanian M, Ene H, Stefanescu I & Ionete RE (2008) A parametrical study of a seven serpentine channel PEM fuel cell. Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, Vol. 2 (pp 763-770)
  • Ma L, Williams A, Pourkashanian M & Jones JM (2006) A numerical model for predicting biomass particle depositions in A PF furnace. Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo, Vol. 2 (pp 333-342)
  • Pourkashanian M & Ma L (2005) Chemical kinetic modelling of the evolution of gaseous aerosol precursors within a gas turbine engine. Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power
  • Ma L & Pourkashanian M (2005) A CFD model for reacting flows in an aero-engine hot end simulator. ASME Turbo Expo 2004. Vienna, 14 June 2004 - 17 June 2004.
  • Ma L, Ingham DB, Wen X & ENGINEERS IC (1997) A numerical simulation of the fluid flow and the collection efficiency of small personal cyclones. 1997 JUBILEE RESEARCH EVENT, VOLS 1 AND 2 (pp 253-256)
  • Ma Y, Cui X, Yan Y, Ma L & Han X () Leakage detection in a CO2 pipeline using Acoustic emission techniques