Mark Strong's publications

Journal papers

Maheswaran R, Green MA, Strong M, Brindley P, Angus C, Holmes J. Alcohol outlet density and alcohol related hospital admissions in England: a national small-area level ecological study. Addiction. 2018. Accepted.

McCreesh N, Andrianakis I, Nsubuga RN, Strong M, Vernon I, McKinley TJ, Oakley JE, Goldstein M, Hayes R, White R. Choice of time horizon critical in estimating costs and effects of changes to HIV programmes. PLOS ONE. 2018;13(5):e0196480. Open Access.

Whelan B, Relton C, Johnson M, Strong M, Thomas KJ, Umney D, Renfrew M. Valuing Breastfeeding: Health Care Professionals’ Experiences of Delivering a Conditional Cash Transfer Scheme for Breastfeeding in Areas With Low Breastfeeding Rates. SAGE Open. 2018. Published Online May 15. Open Access.

Becker F, Anokye N, de Bekker-Grob EW, Higgins A, Strong M, Relton C, Fox-Rushby J. Women's preferences for alternative financial incentive schemes for breastfeeding: a discrete choice experiment. PLOS ONE. 2018 Apr 12;13(4):e0194231. Open Access.

Maheswaran R, Strong M, Clifford P, Brewins L. Socioeconomic deprivation, mortality and health of within-city migrants: a population cohort study. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. 2018;72:519-525.

Johnson M, Whelan B, Relton C, Thomas K, Strong M, Scott E, Renfrew MJ. Valuing breastfeeding: a qualitative study of women’s experiences of a financial incentive scheme for breastfeeding. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2018;18:20. Open Access.

Relton C, Strong M, Thomas KJ, et al. Effect of Financial Incentives on Breastfeeding. A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Pediatrics. 2018;172(2):e174523. Open Access. doi:10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.4523

GBD 2016 Causes of Death Collaborators. Global, regional, and national age-sex specific mortality for 264 causes of death, 1980–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. The Lancet. 2017;390(10100):1151–1210. Open Access.

GBD 2016 Mortality Collaborators. Global, regional, and national under-5 mortality, adult mortality, age-specific mortality, and life expectancy, 1970–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. The Lancet. 2017;390(10100):1084–1150. Open Access.

Grimm SE, Strong M, Brennan A, Wailoo A. The HTA Risk Analysis Chart: Visualising the Need for and Potential Value of Managed Entry Agreements in Health Technology Assessment. PharmacoEconomics. 2017;35(12):1287-1296. Open Access.

McCreesh N, Andriankis I, Nsubuga RN, Strong M, Vernon I, McKinley TJ, Oakley J, Goldstein G, Hayes R, White RG. Improving ART programme retention and viral suppression are key to maximising impact of treatment as prevention - a modelling study. BMC Infectious Diseases. 2017;17:557. Open Access.

Quarrell OW, Clarke AJ, Compton C, et al. Predictive Testing of Minors for Huntington’s Disease: The UK and Dutch Experiences. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics. 2018;177(1):35-39. Epub 2017 Nov 2.

Barber RM, Fullman N, Sorensen RJD and the GBD 2015 Healthcare Access and Quality Collaborators. Healthcare Access and Quality Index based on mortality from causes amenable to personal healthcare in 195 countries and territories, 1990–2015: a novel analysis from the Global Burden of Disease study 2015. The Lancet. 2017;390(10091):231-266. Open Access.

McCreesh N, Andriankis I, Nsubuga RN, Strong M, Vernon I, McKinley TJ, Oakley J, Goldstein G, Hayes R, White RG. Universal Test, Treat, and Keep: Improving ART Retention is Key in Cost-effective HIV Control in Uganda. BMC Infectious Diseases. 2017;17:322. Open Access.

Green M, Strong M, Conway L, Maheswaran, R. Trends in Alcohol-Related Admissions to Hospital by Age, Sex and Socioeconomic Deprivation in England, 2002/03 to 2013/14. BMC Public Health. 2017;17:412. Open Access.

Lim SS, Allen K, Bhutta ZA, et al. Measuring the health-related Sustainable Development Goals in 188 countries: A baseline analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. The Lancet. 2016;388(10053):1813–1850. Open Access. doi:

Davis S, Martyn-St James M, Sanderson J, Stevens J, Goka E, Rawdin A, Sadler S, Wong R, Campbell F, Stevenson M, Strong M, Selby P, Gittoes N. A systematic review and economic evaluation of bisphosphonates for the prevention of fragility fractures. Health Technology Assessment. 2016;20(78). Open Access. doi:

Tuffaha HW, Strong M, Gordon LG, Scuffham PA. Efficient value of information calculation using a non-parametric regression approach: an applied perspective. Value in Health. 2016;19(4):505-509. doi:

Green MA, Little E, Cooper R, Relton C, Strong M. An investigation of social, demographic and health variations in the usage of prescribed and over-the-counter medicines within a large cohort (South Yorkshire, UK)BMJ Open. 2016;6:e012038. Open Access. doi:

Maheswaran R, Holmes J, Green M, Strong M, Pearson T, Meier P. Investigation of the association between alcohol outlet density and alcohol related hospital admission rates in England: study protocol. JMIR Research Protocols. 2016;5(4):e243. Open Access. doi:

Green MA, Li J, Relton C, Strong M, Kearns B, Wu M, Bissell M, Blackburn J, Cooper C, Goyder E, Loban A, Nicholl J. Cohort Profile: The Yorkshire Health Study. International Journal of Epidemiology. 2016;45 (3):707-712. Published online 2014. doi:

Thomas C, Breeze P, Strong M, Brennan A, Norman P, Cameron D, Epton T. The cost-effectiveness of an updated theory-based online health behavior intervention for new university students: U@Uni2. Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology. 2016;8(10):191-203. doi:

Li J, Green M, Kearns B, Holding E, Smith C, Haywood A, Cooper C, Strong M, Relton C. Patterns of multimorbidity and their association with health outcomes within Yorkshire, England: baseline results from the Yorkshire Health Study. BMC Public Health. 2016;16:649. Open Access. doi:

Baig SS, Strong M, Quarrell OW. The global prevalence of Huntington’s Disease: A systematic review and discussion. Neurodegenerative Disease Management. 2016;6(4):331-343. doi:

Baig SS, Strong M, Rosser E, Taverner NV, Glew R, Miedzybrodzka Z, Clarke A, Craufurd D, Quarrell OW. 22 years of Predictive Testing for Huntington's Disease: The Experience of the UK Huntington's Prediction Consortium. European Journal of Human Genetics. 2016;24:1396-1402. doi:

Lecky F, Russell W, Fuller G, McClelland G, Pennington E, Goodacre S, Han K, Curran A, Holliman D, Freeman J, Chapman N, Stevenson M, Byers S, Mason S, Potter H, Coats T, Mackway-Jones K, Peters M, Shewan J, Strong M. The Head Injury Transportation Straight to Neurosurgery (HITS-NS) randomised trial: a feasibility study. Health Technology Assessment. 2016;20(1). Open Access. doi:

Chang ETY, Strong M, Clayton, RH. Bayesian sensitivity analysis of a cardiac cell model using a Gaussian process emulator. PLOS ONE. 2015;10(6):e0130252. Open Access. doi:

Relton C, Strong M, Renfrew M, Thomas K, Burrows J, Whelan B, Whitford H, Scott E, Fox-Rushby J, Anokye N, Sanghera S, Johnson M, Easton S, Walters S. A cluster randomised controlled trial of a financial incentive for mothers to improve breastfeeding in areas with low breastfeeding rates: The NOSH study protocol. BMJ Open. 2016;6:e010158 doi:

Moyo D, Ally AK, Brennan A, Norman P, Purshouse RC, Strong M. Agile development of an attitude-behaviour driven simulation of alcohol consumption dynamics. Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation. 2015;18(3). Open Access. doi:

Baxter SK, Reed H, Clarke Z, Judge S, Heron N, McCarthy A, Langley J, Stanton A, Wells O, Squire G, Quinn A, Strong M, Shaw P, McDermott C. Evaluating a novel cervical orthosis, the Sheffield Support Snood, in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis/motor neurone disease with neck weakness. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration. 2016;17(5-6):436-442. doi:

O'Cathain A, Sampson F, Strong M, Pickin M, Goyder E, Dixon S. Do marginal investments made by health care commissioners produce the outcomes they hope to achieve? Observational studyBMJ Open. 2015;5(11). Open Access. doi:

Strong M, Oakley JE, Brennan A, Breeze P. Estimating the Expected Value of Sample Information using the Probabilistic Sensitivity Analysis Sample. A Fast Non-Parametric Regression Based Method. Medical Decision Making. 2015;35(5):570-583 Open Access. doi:

Green MA, Strong M, Razak F, Subramanian SV, Relton C, Bissell P. Who are the obese? A cluster analysis exploring subgroups of the obeseJournal of Public Health. 2016;38(2):258-264. doi:

Strong M, Oakley JE. When is a model good enough? Deriving the expected value of model improvement via specifying internal model discrepancies. SIAM/ASA Journal on Uncertainty Quantification. 2014;2(1):106-125. Open Access. doi:

Strong M, Oakley JE, Brennan A. Estimating multi-parameter partial Expected Value of Perfect Information from a probabilistic sensitivity analysis sample: a non-parametric regression approach. Medical Decision Making. 2014;34(3):311-26. Open Access. doi: R code here.

Green MA, Subramanian SV, Strong M, Cooper C, Loban A, Bissell P. 'Fish out of water': A cross-sectional study on the interaction between social and neighbourhood effects on weight management behaviours. International Journal of Obesity. 2015;39:535–541. doi:

Whelan B, Thomas KJ, Van Cleemput P, Whitford H, Strong M, Renfrew MJ, Scott E, Relton C. Healthcare providers' views on the acceptability of financial incentives for breastfeeding: a qualitative study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014;14:355. Open Access. doi:

Whitford HM, Whelan B, Van Cleemput P, Thomas K, Renfrew M, Strong M, Scott E, Relton C. A financial incentive scheme to encourage breastfeeding (NOSH) in areas of low breastfeeding: designing the scheme incorporating key stakeholders views. The Practising Midwife. 2015;18(2):18-21

Green M, Strong M. Contextualising the effect of deprivation on health-related quality of life using the equivalent increase in weight as a surrogate. Radical Statistics. 2014;112:34-41

Kruger J, Brennan A, Strong M, Norman P, Epton T, Thomas C. The cost-effectiveness of a theory-based online health behavior intervention for new university students: An economic evaluation. BMC Public Health. 2014;14:1011. Open Access. doi:

Leaviss J, Sullivan W, Ren S, Everson-Hock E, Stevenson M, Stevens J, Strong M, Cantrell A. What is the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of cytisine compared with varenicline for smoking cessation? A systematic review and economic evaluation. Health Technology Assessment. 2014;18(33). doi:

MacNab YC, Read S, Strong M, Pearson T, Maheswaran R, Goyder E. Bayesian hierarchical modelling of noisy spatial rates on a modestly large and discontinuous irregular lattice. Statistical Methods in Medical Research. 2014;23(6):552-571. doi:

Maheswaran R, Pearson T, Strong M, Brewins L, Wight J. Assessing the impact of selective migration and care homes on geographical inequalities in health - a total population cohort study in Sheffield. Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology. 2014;10:85-97. doi:

Maheswaran R, Strong M. GEOMED 2013 - From spatial analysis to public health practice. [Editorial] Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology. 2014;10:27–28. doi:

Strong M, Green A, Goyder E, Miles G, Lee ACK, Basran G, Cooke J. Accuracy of diagnosis and classification of COPD in primary and specialist nurse-led respiratory care in Rotherham UK: a cross sectional study. Primary Care Respiratory Journal. 2014;23(1):67-73. Open Access. doi:

Relton C, Li J, Strong M, Holdsworth M, Cooper R, Green M, Bissell P. Deprivation, clubs and drugs: results of a UK regional population-based cross-sectional study of weight management strategies. BMC Public Health. 2014;14:444. Open Access. doi:

Strong M, Oakley JE. An efficient method for computing single-parameter partial expected value of perfect information. Medical Decision Making. 2013;33(6):755-766. Open Access. doi: R code here.

Goyder E, Strong M, Green A, Holmes M, Miles G, Reddington O, Lawson R, Basran G. Is a large scale community programme as effective as a community rehabilitation programme delivered in the setting of a clinical trial? - comparing outcomes in research and non-research settings. BMC Medical Research Methodology. 2013,13:103. Open Access. doi:

Quarrell O, O'Donovan KL Bandmann O, Strong M. The Prevalence of Juvenile Huntington’s Disease: A Review of the Literature and Meta-Analysis. PLoS Currents: Huntington Disease. 2012 Jul 20. Open Access. doi:

Relton C, Strong M, Holdsworth, M. Plastic food packaging encourages obesity. [Personal view] BMJ. 2012;344:e3824 doi:

Strong M, Pearson T, MacNab YC, Maheswaran R. Mapping gender variation in the spatial pattern of alcohol-related mortality: A Bayesian analysis using data from South Yorkshire, United Kingdom. Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology. 2012;3(2):141-149. doi:

Strong M, Oakley JE, Chilcott J. Managing structural uncertainty in health economic decision models: a discrepancy approach. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series C. 2012;61(1):25-45. doi: Preprint here.

Sampson F, O’Cathain A, Strong M, Pickin M, Esmonde L. Commissioning processes in primary care trusts: A repeated cross sectional survey of health care commissioners in England. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy. 2012; 17(S1):31-39. doi:

Strong M, Johnstone P. Cochrane Review: Interventions for treating scabies. Evidence-Based Child Health: A Cochrane Review Journal. 2011;6(6):1790–1862. doi:

Relton C, Strong M, Li J. The "Pounds for Pounds" weight loss financial incentive scheme: an evaluation of a pilot in NHS Eastern and Coastal Kent. Journal of Public Health. 2011;33(4):536-542. doi:

Kharroubi SA, Brennan A, Strong M. Estimating expected value of sample information for incomplete data models using Bayesian approximation. Medical Decision Making. 2011;31(6):839-852. doi:

Strong M, Oakley JE. Bayesian inference for comorbid disease risks using marginal disease risks and correlation information from a separate source. Medical Decision Making 2011;31(4):571-581. doi: (preprint here)

Strong M, Burrows J, Stedman E, Redgrave P. Adverse drug effects following oseltamivir mass treatment and prophylaxis in a school outbreak of 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1) in June 2009, Sheffield, United Kingdom. Eurosurveillance 2010;15(19):pii=19565

Strong M, Burrows J, Redgrave P. A/H1N1 pandemic: Oseltamivir’s adverse events. [Research Letter] BMJ 2009;339:b3249. doi:

Strong M, South G, Carlisle R. The UK Quality and Outcomes Framework pay-for-performance scheme and spirometry: rewarding quality or just quantity? A cross-sectional study in Rotherham, UK. BMC Health Services Research 2009;9:108. doi:

Johnstone P, Strong M. Scabies. American Family Physician. 2009;79(12):1089-1090.

Strong M, Maheswaran R, Pearson T, Fryers P. A method for modelling GP practice level deprivation scores using GIS. International Journal of Health Geographics 2007;6:38. doi:

Strong M, Johnstone PW. Interventions for treating scabies. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: Reviews 2007 Issue 3 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd Chichester, UK Art. No.: CD000320. doi:

Walker O, Strong M, Atchinson R, Saunders J, Abbott J. A qualitative study of primary care clinicians' views of treating childhood obesity. BMC Family Practice 2007;8:50. doi:

Strong M, Maheswaran R, Pearson T. A comparison of methods for calculating general practice level socioeconomic deprivation. International Journal of Health Geographics 2006;5:29. doi:

Strong M, Maheswaran R, Radford J. Socioeconomic deprivation, coronary heart disease prevalence and quality of care: a practice-level analysis in Rotherham using data from the new UK general practitioner Quality and Outcomes Framework. Journal of Public Health 2006;28(1):39-42. doi:

Strong M, Maheswaran R, Fryers PR, White PS. Are socio-economic inequalities in mortality decreasing in Trent Region, UK? An observational study, 1988-1998. Journal of Public Health Medicine 2002;24(2):120-122. doi:

Some published abstracts

Tosh J, Stevenson M, Strong M, Akehurst. A Framework for the Economic Evaluation of Sequential Therapies for Chronic Conditions. [Conference abstract] Value in Health. 2014;17(7):A584. doi:

Relton C, Whelan B, Strong M, Thomas K, Whitford H, Scott E, van Cleemput P. Are financial incentives for breastfeeding feasible in the UK? A mixed methods field study. [Conference abstract] The Lancet. 2014;384:S5. doi:

Quarrell O, Rosser E, Taverner N, Miedzybrodzka Z, Clarke A, Craufurd D, Strong M. Uptake of Predictive Tests for Huntington’s Disease (HD) in the UK 1993–2012. [Conference abstract] Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry. 2014;85:A80-A81 doi:

Strong M, Brennan A, Oakley JE. Fast efficient computation of expected value of sample information from a probabilistic sensitivity analysis sample: a non-parametric regression approach. [Conference abstract] Trials. 2013;14(S1):O25 doi:

Whelan B, Van Cleemput P, Strong M,Relton C. Views on the acceptability of financial incentives for breastfeeding: a qualitative study [Conference abstract]. The Lancet. 2013;382:S103. doi:

Strong M. How do we know whether our cost-effectiveness model is good enough to support a decision? [Conference abstract]. The Lancet. 2012;380:S70. doi:

Book chapters

Johnstone P, Strong M. Scabies. BMJ Clinical Evidence (Online). 2014;12:1707.


Grimm S, Strong M, Brennan A, Wailoo A. Framework for analysing risk in Health Technology Assessments and its application to Managed Entry Agreements. NICE Decision Support Unit. 2016

Davis S, Hernández M, Wailoo A, Strong M. Populating service delivery models using observational data: case study on endoscopy provision for acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding. NICE Guidelines Technical Support Unit. 2013

O'Cathain A, Sampson S, Strong M. Pickin M, Dixon S, Goyder E. The outcomes of health care commissioning by English Primary Care Trusts 2008-10. Report for DH Policy Research Programme. 2013

Hummel S, Chilcott J, Rawdin A, Strong M. Economic outcomes of early years programmes and interventions designed to promote cognitive, social and emotional development among vulnerable children and families. Economic Model Report. NICE. 2011

Strong M, Pilgrim H, Oakley J, Chilcott J. Structural uncertainty in health economic decision models. ScHARR Occasional Paper. ISBN 1 900752 27 1. 2009. [Report superseded - please see this paper in JRSS C]

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