Professor Julie Gottlieb
B.A. (McGill), M.A., Ph.D. (Cambridge)
Department of History
Professor of Modern History
+44 114 222 2606
Full contact details
Department of History
1 Upper Hanover Street
I completed a Joint Honours BA in English and History at McGill University (Montreal) before coming to Britain where I completed an MPhil and a PhD at the University of Cambridge.
After my studies at Cambridge I was a lecturer at the University of Manchester and at Bristol University, before starting at Sheffield in September 2003.
I was visiting Professor at the University of Paris VII-Diderot in 2011, and again in 2015, guest professor at ELTE University, Budapest, in 2015, and visiting Professor at the University of Toulouse in 2016.
- Research interests
My research interests are, broadly in:
- Modern British political history (principally the period 1918 to 1945)
- the history of political extremism (with a focus on right-wing extremism in Britain)
- women's history and gender studies (particularly women in politics, the construction of gender identities in the political sphere, and women in the Conservative Party)
- comparative fascism (particularly gender and fascism in comparative perspective)
- Race and identity in the British context
- Mental health and the history of suicide
My most recent monograph examines women's participation and their representation in British foreign affairs between the wars; women's political activism in a range of internationalist, feminist and pacifist organizations; women’s contribution to resistance to fascism at home and abroad; and the gendering of the appeasement in the late 1930s. "Guilty Women: Gender, Foreign Policy and Appeasement in inter-war Britain" was published in 2015 and became available in paperback in 2017.
Recent collaborative publications, all stemming from international conferences, include Rethinking Right-wing Women: Gender and the Conservative Party 1880s to the Present (2017) https://manchesteruniversitypress.co.uk/9781784994389/, the forthcoming special issue of Diplomacy & Statecraft on women, internationalism and peace movements in first part of the 20th century (co-edited with Gaynor Johnson), and the forthcoming volume The Munich Crisis, Politics and the People (co-edited with Daniel Hucker and Richard Toye). Ongoing research projects focus on women's politicisation in Modern Britain; people's histories of international crises; and the emotional and psychological fallout of the Munich crisis, stemming from my Wellcome Seed Award-funded project "Suicide, Society and Crisis" (2017-19).
- Edited books
- Journal articles
- Book reviews
- Conference proceedings papers
- Website content
- Dictionary/encyclopaedia entries
- 9780755627325. London: I.B. Tauris/ Bloomsbury.
- Introduction. Manchester University Press.
- ‘Guilty Women’, Foreign Policy, and Appeasement in Inter-War Britain. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
- Feminine Fascism: Women in Britain's Fascist Movement, 1923-1945. London: I. B. Tauris.
- Gendering Peace in Europe, C. 1880s to 2000. Routledge.
- The Munich Crisis, politics and the people International, transnational and comparative perspectives. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
- The Munich Crisis, politics and the people International, transnational and comparative perspectives Introduction..
- Rethinking Right-Wing Women: Women in the Conservative Party, 1880s to the Present. Manchester, UK: Manchester University Press.
- Feminism and Feminists After Suffrage. London and New York: Routledge.
- The Aftermath of Suffrage. Palgrave Macmillan UK.
- Making Reputations: Power, Persuasion and the Individual in Modern British Politics (London: I.B. Tauris)..
- The Culture of Fascism: Visions of the Far Right in Britain (London: I.B. Tauris)..
- Gendering Peace in Europe. Diplomacy & Statecraft, 31(4), 601-608.
- Suffrage Statutes and Statues: Reflections on Commemorating Milestones in the History of Women’s Emancipation in Britain. Caliban, no.62(2019), 159-180.
- Julie Gottlieb, “The Past Imperfect” or a gendered vision of fascism https://www.politika.io/fr/notice/fascism-is-as-fascism-does. Politika(https://www.politika.io/fr/notice/fascism-is-as-fascism-does).
- Julie V. Gottlieb 'As we enact physical distancing, the virtual world provides endless outlets for emoting'. HISTORY TODAY, 70(5), 9-9.
- The Iron Ladies revisited. Women's History Review, 28(2), 337-349.
- Considering conservative women in the gendering of modern British politics. Women's History Review, 28(2), 189-193.
- View this article in WRRO The Munich Crisis: Waiting for the end of the world. HISTORY TODAY, 68(9), 24-34.
- View this article in WRRO The Munich Crisis: Waiting for the End of the World. History Today, 68(9).
- Guilty Men: From Dunkirk to Brexit. History Today, 68(3), 18-20.
- View this article in WRRO Eleanor Rathbone, the Women Churchillians and Anti-Appeasement. Women's History: The Journal of the Women's History Network, 2(6), 15-18.
- Peace at any Price: the Visit of Nazi Women's Leader Gertrud Scholtz-Klink to London in March 1939 and the Response of British Women Activists. Women's History Review, 1-22.
- Neville Chamberlain's Umbreall: 'Object' Lessons in the History of Appeasement. Twentieth Century British History, 27(3), 357-388. View this article in WRRO
- Karina Urbach, Go-Betweens for Hitler. Journal of Contemporary History, 51(3), 701-702.
- 'Rethinking Right-Wing Women: Coming Together to Converse about and Conserve Conservative Women' (a report on the conference). Conservative History Journal, II(4), 58-59.
- The Women's Movement Took the Wrong Turning: British feminists, pacifism and the politics of appeasement. Women's History Review, 23(3), 441-462.
- Introduction: Flour power and feminism between the waves. Women's History Review, 23(3), 325-329.
- ‘Broken Friendships and Vanished Loyalties’: Gender, Collective (In)Security and Anti-Fascism in Britain in the 1930s. Politics, Religion and Ideology, 13(3), 197-219.
- Introduction to Special Issue "Women, Fascism and the Far-Right, 1918-2010. Politics, Religion and Ideology, 13(2), 137-140.
- Introduction. Politics, Religion & Ideology, 13(2), 137-140.
- Body Fascism in Britain: Building the Blackshirt in the Inter-War Period. Contemporary European History, 20(2), 111-136.
- Nazis in Pre-War London, 1930-1939: The Fate and Role of German Party Members and British Sympathisers. EUR HIST Q, 39(2), 315-316.
- Book Reviews. Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions, 8(1), 163-197.
- The Marketing of Megalomania: Celebrity, Consumption and the Development of Political Technology in the British Union of Fascists. Journal of Contemporary History, 41(1), 35-55.
- Responses to Nazism in Britain, 1933-1939: Before war and holocaust. ETHNIC RACIAL STUD, 28(3), 588-589.
- Right-wing women in women's history: A global perspective - Introduction. J WOMENS HIST, 16(3), 106-107.
- Women and British fascism revisited - Gender, the far-right, and resistance. J WOMENS HIST, 16(3), 108-123.
- The Germanic Isle: Nazi Perceptions of Britain, by Gerwin Strobl. Canadian Journal of History, 37(3), 561-563.
- Feminist Freikorps: The British Voluntary Women Police, 1914-1940, by R. M. Douglas. Canadian Journal of History, 37(2), 389-391.
- ‘Motherly Hate’: Gendering Anti–Semitism in the British Union of Fascists. Gender & History, 14(2), 294-320.
Dan Stone. Breeding Superman: Nietzsche, Race and Eugenics in Edwardian and Interwar Britain. (Studies in Social and Political Thought.) Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. 2002. Pp. x, 197. $52.95. The American Historical Review.
- The British Fascisti and Rotha Lintorn-Orman In Hope Not Hate (Ed.), They Shall Not Pass: 100 Years of Fascism and Anti-Fascism (pp. 10-11). London: Hope Not Hate.
- 2.4.3 Inequalities in Contemporary History (c. 1900–2000), The European Experience (pp. 251-260). Open Book Publishers
- Munich and the masses: emotional inflammation, mental health and shame in Britain during the September crisis, MUNICH CRISIS, POLITICS AND THE PEOPLE (pp. 192-212).
- Introduction, Considering Conservative Women in the Gendering of Modern British Politics (pp. 1-5). Routledge
- Modes and models of Conservative women's leadership in the 1930s, Rethinking right-wing women: Gender and the Conservative Party, 1880s to the present (pp. 89-103).
- Women’s Print Media, Fascism and the Far Right in Britain Between the Wars In Clay C, DiCenzo M & Green B (Ed.), Women's Periodicals and Print Culture in Britain, 1918-1939 The Interwar Period Edited by Catherine Clay, Maria DiCenzo, Barbara Green, Fiona Hackney Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
- 1. Suffrage and Nationalism in Comparative Perspective: Britain, Hungary, Finland and the Transnational Experience of Rosika Schwimmer In Stibbe M & Sharp I (Ed.), Women Activists between War and Peace, 1918-1923 London: Bloomsbury.
- Suffrage and Nationalism in Comparative Perspective: Britain, Hungary, Finland and the Transnational Experience of Rosika Schwimmer, WOMEN ACTIVISTS BETWEEN WAR AND PEACE: EUROPE, 1918-1923 (pp. 29-75).
- British Women and the Three Encounters: International, European, and Fascist, GUILTY WOMEN, FOREIGN POLICY, AND APPEASEMENT IN INTER-WAR BRITAIN (pp. 13-37).
- 'Anyway Let's Have Peace:' Women's Expressions of Opinion on Appeasement, GUILTY WOMEN, FOREIGN POLICY, AND APPEASEMENT IN INTER-WAR BRITAIN (pp. 185-211).
- ‘Memory, Mourning and Maternal Inheritances: A Daughter on Becoming My Mother’s Daughter” In Jilovsky E, Silverstein J & Slucki D (Ed.), In the Shadows of the Shadows of the Holocaust: Narratives of the Third Generation (pp. 15-34). London: Valentine Mitchell.
- 'Don't Believe in Foreigners:' The Female Franchise Factor and the Munich By-elections, GUILTY WOMEN, FOREIGN POLICY, AND APPEASEMENT IN INTER-WAR BRITAIN (pp. 212-234).
- Introduction-Guilty Women? Gendering Appeasement, GUILTY WOMEN, FOREIGN POLICY, AND APPEASEMENT IN INTER-WAR BRITAIN (pp. 1-+).
- 'Guilty Women:' Powers behind Thrones, GUILTY WOMEN, FOREIGN POLICY, AND APPEASEMENT IN INTER-WAR BRITAIN (pp. 82-100).
- 'Guilty Women:' Conspiracy and Collusion, GUILTY WOMEN, FOREIGN POLICY, AND APPEASEMENT IN INTER-WAR BRITAIN (pp. 61-81).
- The Women Churchillians and the Politics of Shame, GUILTY WOMEN, FOREIGN POLICY, AND APPEASEMENT IN INTER-WAR BRITAIN (pp. 235-265).
- Women's War on Fascism, GUILTY WOMEN, FOREIGN POLICY, AND APPEASEMENT IN INTER-WAR BRITAIN (pp. 38-60).
- 'Women Are the Best Friends of Mr Chamberlain's Policy:' Gendered Representations of Public Opinion, GUILTY WOMEN, FOREIGN POLICY, AND APPEASEMENT IN INTER-WAR BRITAIN (pp. 152-184).
- 'To Speak a Few Words of Comfort to Them:' Conservative Women's Support for Chamberlain and Appeasement, GUILTY WOMEN, FOREIGN POLICY, AND APPEASEMENT IN INTER-WAR BRITAIN (pp. 101-151).
- Female "Fanatics": Women's sphere in the British Union of Fascists, Right-Wing Women: From Conservatives to Extremists Around the World (pp. 29-42).
- ‘We Were Done the Moment We Gave Women the Vote’: The Female Franchise Factor and the Munich By-elections, 1938–1939, The Aftermath of Suffrage (pp. 159-180). Palgrave Macmillan UK
- The Aftermath of Suffrage: Women, Gender and Politics in Britain, 1918-1945 (pp. 159-180). Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
- "Femmes, Conservatisme et Fascisme en Grand-Bretagne: Comparisons et Convergences", A driote de la droite: Droites radicales en France et en Grande-Bretagne au XXe siècle (pp. 387-424). Paris: Presse Universitaires Du Septentrion.
- “The Gender of Tolerance and Hate: Women, Philo-Semitism and Anti-Semitism in Britain in the late 1930s and 1940s”, Sexe, Race et Mixite dans l’aire Anglophone (pp. 129-156). Paris: L’Harmattan.
- Varieties of Anti-Fascism Palgrave Macmillan UK
- “Varieties of Feminist Anti-Fascism” In Copsey N & Olechnowicz A (Ed.), Varieties of Anti-Fascism: Britain in the Inter-war Period (pp. 101-118). Basingstoke: Palgrave.
- Feminism and Anti-fascism in Britain: Militancy Revived?, British Fascism, the Labour Movement and the State (pp. 68-94). Palgrave Macmillan UK
- “A Mosleyite Life Stranger than Fiction: The Making and Remaking of Olive Hawks” In Gottlieb JV & Toye R (Ed.), Making Reputations: Power, Persuasion and the Individual in Modern British Politics (pp. 70-91). London: I.B. Tauris.
- “Feminism and Anti-Fascism in Britain between the Wars: Militancy Revived?” In Copsey N & Renton D (Ed.), British Fascism, the Labour Movement and the State Basingstoke: Palgrave.
- “Britain’s New Fascist Men: The Aestheticization of Brutality in British Fascist Propaganda” In Linehan TP & Gottlieb JV (Ed.), The Culture of Fascism: Visions of the Far Right in Britain (pp. 83-99). London: I.B. Tauris.
- Inez Holden, There's No Story Here. TLS - The Times Literary Supplement.
- Red Ellen: The Life and Ellen Wilkinson, Socialist, Feminist, Internationalist. By Laura Beers. Twentieth Century British History, 29(3), 487-489.
- Women of the World: the rise of the female diplomatHELEN McCARTHY. Women's History Review, 24(4), 653-654.
- R. Gerald Hughes. The Postwar Legacy of Appeasement: British Foreign Policy since 1945. London: Bloomsbury, 2014. Pp. 331. £20.69 (paperback).. Journal of British Studies, 54(2), 527-528.
- Women’s International Thought: A New History. Global Intellectual History, 1-3.
Conference proceedings papers
- Introduction. RETHINKING RIGHT-WING WOMEN: GENDER AND THE CONSERVATIVE PARTY, 1880S TO THE PRESENT (pp 1-10)
- ‘A Right Royal Controversy: The Princess Elizabeth and the Heil’ , History Matters Blog.
- ‘Women to the Right: The Ascendency of Women in Conservative Politics’, History Matters Blog:.
- SUFFRAGETTE: THE FORREST GUMP OF FEMINISM.
- Julie V. Gottlieb on Feminists and Feminism after Suffrage Julie V. Gottlieb, the editor and contributor to Feminists and Feminism after Suffrage, talks about how she first became interested in British Feminism and what we can learn from feminist activism after suffrage..
- TELLING ‘GUILTY WOMEN’ BY ITS COVER: PUTTING WOMEN IN THE PICTURE IN APPEASEMENT STUDIES.
- WHICH WITCH IS WHICH? MARGARET THATCHER AS LADY POLITICIAN.
- SEIZING THE MUNICH MOMENT: THE 75TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE MUNICH CRISIS.
- Fascism in Inter-war Britain.
- Shy Tory women in the history of suffrage and beyond.
- Was 2016 just 1938 all over again?.
- 2016: a very bad year for women.
- Women to the Barricades: Gendering the Battle of Cable Street.
- The Battle of Cable Street: Julie Gottlieb interviews filmmaker Yoav Segal.
- This MAY be Tory Feminism: The Second Woman MP is not Margaret Thatcher Mark II.
- The Feminising Fallout of the EU Referendum: Is this the new face of feminism?.
- Post-Referendum Depression.
- Telling 'Guilty Women' by its Cover: Putting Women in the Picture in Appeasement Studies.
- Chamberlain, Annie Vere [Anne] (1882–1967), political wife Oxford University Press.
- “The British Union of Fascists”. In Dictionary of National Biography.
- Research group
- Current Students
- Completed Students
- Vernon Jones - Improving the Social and Working Conditions of Miners 1920-1946: The Contribution of the Miners' Welfare Fund
- Cherie Prosser - BEYOND NATIONALISM: Profression to Modernism in propaganda posters 1914-1918
- Isabelle Carter (second supervisor) - The lived experience of post-war multi-storey council housing: reassessing Sheffield's Park Hill and Manchester's Hulme.
- Liam Liburd - The Eternal Imperialists: Empire, Race and Gender on the British Radical Right, 1918-1968.
- David Page (MPhil) - Pioneers of European Federalism: the New Europe Group and New Britain Movement (1931–1935).
- Sarah Kenny (second supervisor) - Unspectacular Youth? Evening Leisure Space and Young Culture in Sheffield c.1960-1989.
- Ross Paulger (MPhil, second supervisor) - Anglo-American Quality Press Narratives and Sexual Revolution, 1958-1979.
- Steven McKevitt (second supervisor) - The Persuasion Industries in the UK and the Inculcation of Persuasion within British Society from 1969 to 1997.
- Lucy Brown (second supervisor) - Encountering Each Other: Love and Emotional Relationships Between Men and Women in Britain, 1950s-1970s.
- Teaching interests
Modern British History, Fascism, Internationalism, Women and Gender.
- Teaching activities
- HST119 - The Transformation of Britain, 1800 to Present
- HST2030 - Appeasement, the Munich Crisis and the British People
- HST2091/2 - Course Assignment
- HST276 - Gender and Sexuality in Modern Britain 1850 to the Present
- HST3069/70 - Facism and Anti-Facism in Britain 1923-1945
- HST6046 - Sex and Power: The Politics of Women’s Liberation in Modern Britain
- Professional activities and memberships
- Royal Historical Society - Member
- Women's History Review - Editorial Board
- The Aftermath of War (a AHRC-funded network) - Steering Committee
- AHRC Peer Review College - Member
Beginning in 2017, I took over as chair of the Faculty of Arts and Humanities Equality and Diversity Committee, and I am a member of the Women@TUoS NETwork standing Development Committee. I organised a number of events to raise awareness of FEDIC priorities and concerns including:
- Tackling Implicit Bias with Professor Jenny Saul (video resource)
- The future of gender in the curriculum with Professor Andrea Pető (video resource)
- Women in leadership (read more about the event)
Department of History Exams Officer 2016-17.
I have previously been on Research Committee, Teaching Committee and Postgraduate Committee. In 2011, I chaired the Level I Teaching Sub-Committee to lead reform of our curriculum by integrating research-driven teaching at level I, and this committee designed the first version of "The History Workshop", an innovative module adopted by the Department in 2013-14.
I have been Level II Tutor, a student-centred role, in which I introduced new time-efficient, rationalized procedures. I have also served as Course Assignment Coordinator, and CILASS representative, responsible for developing CILASS workshops, and responding to student concerns.
- Public engagement
I have shared my research through public engagement activities in the wider community, speaking to schools, through arts projects, and in the media. Especially since the summer 2016, I have been in the media, offering historical contextualisation for the fallout of the EU referendum, the feminisation of British politics and the ascendency of women in Conservative and Right-wing politics, and the impact of political crisis on mental health (individually and collectively).
I have reached regional, national, and international audiences on radio and television, including BBC Radio 4's Woman's Hour, The Sunday Politics, and Sky News, and interviewed by a number of news outlets, including the Atlantic Monthly, the Yorkshire Post, BBC Magazine, the New York Times, the Newstatesman, and Kristeligt Dagblad. I have written for publications with wide readerships, like BBC History Magazine and History Today recorded many podcasts, and contributed to First News to interest children in the links between the news and history. The Newstatesman, The Huffington Post, The Conversation, History Matters, and The PSA Political Insight.
In Sheffield I have appeared a number of times on BBC Radio Sheffield, spoken to a variety of local groups about aspects of my research, acted as historical consultant to Coralie Turpin for the artist’s vibrant mosaic installation at Anne Knight House, and curated the Suffrage 100 strand of the Off the Shelf Festival of Words in October 2018 OTS 2018 3.indd .
I have found my active collaboration with Freddie Garland, dancer-choreographer of the Tenfoot Dance Company, especially enriching in the creation of the multifaceted and multimedia community dance project “Angels of the North: Women’s Movement 100”, phases of which have been performed at Ideas Alive and Festival of the Mind. [link to YouTube video will be available soon] You can see my impact case study for the Department of History REF 2014. I am developing an ICS for the 2021 REF based on the theme of the feminisation of politics and the politicization of women in Britain. current research projects.
I have organised a number of conferences that have excited public and media interest:
With Prof. Richard Toye (Exeter University), I organised an international conference on "The Aftermath of Suffrage" at the University of Sheffield, 24-25 June, 2011. Delegates included students and those from outside academia, with a total of 50 in attendance.
In June 2015, I organised a conference on "Rethinking Right-Wing Women: Gender, Women and the Conservative Party. 1880s to the Present", together with Dr Clarisse Berthezene and the Conservative Party Archive, Oxford. I created a Storify page documenting the conference and associated research before, during and after. I also edited a series of History Matters blogs on "Rethinking Right-Wing Women".
Watch me speak about the changing roles of Women in British Politics.
In September 2016, I organised "The Battle of Cable Street 80 Years On: Political Movements, Memory and Meaning," and edited a special series of blogs for History Matters on the theme. This was an event open to the public, and organised in collaboration with the Sheffield Hist Soc. Watch Julie discuss the Battle of Cable Street with director Yoav Segal.
I organised "Gendering Peace in Europe", IHR, University of Sheffield, 20-21 January, 2017. This was an international conference funded by the Max Batley Legacy and a Journal of Contemporary History Conference Grant. As part of the conference, we produced a video with some of the conference speakers.
I was a historical adviser to the statue of suffragist Millicent Fawcett, unveiled in the spring 2018. Following the Vote 100 celebrations on 6 February, Ishe shared her experience of the project and her research in the interview: Why does the Vote 100 centenary matter?. To find about more about the Fawcett statue and the unveiling event, see here.
In May 2018 our Wellome-funded Conference – Suicide, Society and Crisis brought together scholars, practicioners and community activists. You can hear from a number of the participants here Suicide, society, crisis (academic conference)
In June 2018 our conference The Munich Crisis and the People brought together researchers interested to use fresh approaches and offer new perspectives on the familiar story of the international crisis and appeasement in 1938.
I was invited to speak on "Women and Fascism: National and International Encounters and Confrontations" at the "Fascism and Anti-Fascism in Our Time" conference at the Hamburger Institut für Sozialforschung/Hamburg Institute for Social Research, and co-organised by Rutgers University and the German Federal Agency for Civic Education, 1-2 November, 2017, and you can hear the proceedings here, including my presentation.
In February 2020 I joined a panel organised by Dr Karina Urbach at the IAS, Princeton, considering the Impact of the Past: Antisemitism Past and Present. You can watch the discussion here Anti-Semitism—Past and Present