Professor Anthony Milton
B.A., Ph.D. (Cantab.)
Professor of History
Early Modern England, 17th c. Anglo-Dutch relations; royalism; Church of England 1603-1700
+44 (0)114 22 22570 | Jessop West 2.06
Semester One 2018/19 Office Hours: Tuesdays 13:00-14:00 and Thursdays 13:00-14:00
Anthony Milton grew up in Sheffield but took both his BA and PhD degrees at the University of Cambridge, where he was subsequently Stipendiary Research Fellow at Clare Hall for three years before returning to his roots and joining the Sheffield department in 1992. His publications include Catholic and Reformed: The Roman and Protestant Churches in English Protestant Thought, 1600-1640 (Cambridge, 1995, repr. 1996, 2002) and Laudian and royalist polemic in seventeenth-century England: the career and writings of Peter Heylyn (2007, repr. 2013); and a number of articles on political thought, religion, censorship and the public sphere in early Stuart England. He also recently edited The Oxford History of Anglicanism Volume 1: Reformation and Identity c.1520-1662 (Oxford, 2017). He was awarded a 3-year Leverhulme Major Research Fellowship for a project entitled 'England's Second Reformation: the Battle for the Church of England 1636-66', and is currently revising the monograph deriving from this project for publication by Cambridge University Press. He is a founding co-editor of a monograph series with Manchester University Press - 'Politics, Culture and Society in Early Modern Britain' -- which has now published over 50 volumes, and served as an Associate Editor for the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, with responsibility for over 170 articles. He is also planning a biography of Sir Thomas Wentworth, first earl of Strafford. As well as his work on the religious, political and intellectual history of early modern England, he has also worked on Dutch history and Anglo-Dutch relations, leading to his publication in 2005 of The British Delegation and the Synod of Dort (1618-19), a 170,000-word edition of unpublished documents and commentary relating to British participation in the most important international Protestant gathering before modern times. He is also on the editorial team of an ongoing 8-volume edition of the Acts of the Synod of Dort-- Acta et documenta Synodi Nationalis Dordrechtanae (1618-1619) (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht), that is being published to commemorate the Synod’s quatercentenary. He is also currently working with Dr Dmitri Levitin of All Souls, Oxford on University Disputations in Early Modern England - an edition and translation with extensive commentary of two hitherto unknown verbatim accounts of university disputations in Elizabethan Cambridge.
He still intends to return, when time permits, to his post-doctoral research on religious politics and national identity in modern Indonesia.
President of the Society for Reformation Studies
Co-editor of Manchester University Press monograph series - 'Politics, Culture and Society in Early Modern Britain’
Appointed (2017) Chair of international Advisory Board for project to produce a 4-volume edition of Latin translated texts by members of the Westminster Assembly (funded by OUP, Calvin College and Reformed Theological Seminary)
Member of Advisory Board for new AHRC Network on ‘Anti-catholicism in British History’
Member of the international editorial board of Acta et documenta Synodi Nationalis Dordrechtanae (1618-1619).
Member of the editorial boards of the Journal for the History of Reformed Pietism, Reformation and Renaissance Review; and Studies in Puritanism .
‘International Assessor’ for the Irish Government’s Post-Doctoral Scheme
External assessor of applications for research grants to the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
Refereeing and Reviewing
Presses: Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press, Manchester University Press, Ashgate, Boydell, Palgrave, Reformation Heritage Books, Stanford University Press, Summum Academic Publications, University of Notre Dame Press, Yale University Press.
Journals: Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte, The Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, English Historical Review, Historical Journal, Historical Research, Journal of American Studies, Journal of Anglican Studies, Journal of British Studies, Journal of Early Modern History, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, Journal of the History of Reformed Pietism, Journal of Theological Studies, Reformation and Renaissance Review,.
Anthony Milton's current research is focused on English religious and political history in the period c.1630-1662. In particular he is studying this period as a 'second reformation' as important as the more famous Tudor reformations, when the identity of the Church of England was fundamentally reshaped in the crucible of civil war, interregnum and the restoration of the monarchy. He is analysing how the identity of the Church of England was discussed and reformulated by a wide range of political activists, religious thinkers and popular commentators over these thirty years. He is also working on a full-length biography of Sir Thomas Wentworth, first earl of Strafford, and an edition of verbatim accounts of early modern university disputations.
Anthony Milton has ongoing research interests in early modern English religious and political thought, Anglo-Dutch and Anglo-Palatine relations, anti-catholicism, and the Synod of Dort.
He is also planning a larger project on the nature and uses of anonymity in early modern European writing and publishing. He remains determined to return in due course to his work on politics and religion in modern South-East Asia.
I have supervised postgraduate research students on topics ranging from the secretariat of Sir Thomas Wentworth and the bedchamber of King Charles I to religious thought and ecclesiastical music in the early Stuart period, clerical politics and allegiance in early Stuart Cheshire and Lancashire, Jacobean patristic scholarship, and cultural interactions in the English factory in Japan, 1613-1623. I welcome postgraduates interested in pursuing any aspect of English religious, political, cultural or intellectual history in the period 1560-1700. The University Library at Sheffield is excellently equipped for the study of the printed literature of this period.
Completed students include:
Articles and Chapters
‘Rapports de forces et stratégies de positionnement dans la polémique religieuse anglaise de la première modernité’ in M. Bouhaïk-Gironès, T. D. Banarova & N. Szczech (eds.), Usages et stratégies polémiques en Europe (XIVe-premier XVII siècles) (Bruxelles, 2016), 251-65.
‘A tale of two Melanchthons: Melanchthon and English Protestantism’ in A. J. Beck (ed.), Melanchthon und der Reformierte Tradition (Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2016), 129-38.
‘Arminians, Laudians, Anglicans and Revisionists: back to which drawing board?’ Huntington Library Quarterly, 78: 4 (Winter 2015), pp. 723-43.
‘Coping with alternatives: religious liberty in royalist thought 1642-7’ in Robert Armstrong and Tadhg Ó hAnnracháin (eds), Catholics and Presbyterians: Alternative Establishments (Manchester, 2013), 149-69
‘Church and state in early modern ecclesiastical historiography’ in The Church on Its Past (Studies in Church History 49: Boydell & Brewer: Woodbridge, 2013), 468-90
‘Sacrilege and compromise: royalist divines and the king’s conscience 1642-9’ in D.L. Smith and M.J. Braddick (eds.), The Experience of Revolution in Stuart Britain and Ireland (Cambridge, 2011), 135-53.
‘New horizons in the early Jacobean reign’ in J.M. Shami, M.T. Hester and D. Flynn (eds), The Oxford Handbook of John Donne (Oxford, 2011)
‘The Church of England and the Palatinate’ in P. Ha and P. Collinson (eds.), The Reception of Continental Reformation in Britain and Ireland (British Academy, Oxford, 2010), 137-165
‘A distorting mirror: the Hales and Balcanquahall correspondence at the Synod of Dort’ in A. Goudriaan and F. Van Lieburg (eds.), Revisiting the Synod of Dordt (E.J. Brill, Leiden, 2011), 135-161
‘“Vailing the crown”: royalist criticism of Charles I in the 1650s’ in D.L. Smith and J. McElligott (eds.), Royalists and royalism in the 1650s (Cambridge, 2010), 88-105
‘Anglicanism and Royalism in the 1640s’ in J. Adamson (ed.), The Civil Wars. Rebellion and Revolution in the Kingdoms of Charles I (Palgrave, 2009), 61-81, 252-7
‘The Puritans and the continental Reformed churches’ in P. Lim and J. Coffey (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Puritanism (Cambridge, 2008), 109-26
'Marketing a Massacre: the East India Company, the Amboyna Incident and the Public Sphere in Early Stuart England', in P. Lake and S. Pincus (eds), The Public Sphere in Early Modern England (2007).
'Religion and community in pre-civil war England' in N. Tyacke (ed), The English Revolution c.1590-1720. Politics, Religion and Communities (2007).
'Anglicanism by Stealth: the Career and Influence of John Overall' in P. Lake and K. Fincham (eds.), Religious Politics in Post-Reformation England (2006).
Articles on Sutan Sjahrir, Mohammad Hatta and Haji Agus Salim in Ooi Keat Gin (ed.), Southeast Asia: A Historical Encyclopedia (2004).
Articles on William Laud, John Cosin, Peter Heylyn, Andrew Willet and Edward Martin in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (2004).
‘Canon Fire: Peter Heylyn at Westminster’ in C.S. Knighton and R. Mortimer (eds), Westminster Abbey Reformed 1540-1640 (Ashgate, 2003), 207-31.
'The Creation of Laudianism: a new approach', in T. Cogswell, R. Cust and P. Lake (eds), Politics, Religion and Popularity in Early Stuart Britain (2002), 162-84.
'The Seventeenth Century: An Overview' (5,000 words) in Adrian Hastings (ed.), The Oxford Companion to Christian Thought (OUP, 2000), 656-60 – reprinted as ‘Authority and Reason: the Seventeenth Century’ in A. Hastings, A. Mason and H. Pyper (eds.), Christian Thought. A Brief History (OUP, 2002), 108-22.
'Richard Montagu: Concerning Recusancie of Communion with the Church of England' (with Alexandra Walsham) in S. Taylor (ed), From Cranmer to Davidson: A Miscellany (Boydell & Brewer, 1999), 69-101.
'A Qualified Intolerance: The Limits and Ambiguities of Early Stuart Anti-Catholicism' in A. Marotti (ed), Catholicism and Anti-Catholicism in Early Modern English Texts (Macmillan, 1999), 85-115.
'"That Sacred Oratory": Religion and the Chapel Royal during the Personal Rule of Charles I' in Andrew Ashbee (ed), William Lawes: Essays on His Life, Times and Work (Scolar Press, 1998), 69-96.
'Licensing, Censorship and Religious Orthodoxy in Early Stuart England' (Historical Journal, September 1998), 625-651.
'The public context of the trial and execution of Strafford' (with Terence Kilburn) in J.F. Merritt (ed.), The Political World of Thomas Wentworth, 1621-1641 (Cambridge University Press, 1996), 230-51.
'Thomas Wentworth and the Political Thought of the Personal Rule' in Merritt (ed.), Political World, 133-56.
'The Unchanged Peacemaker? John Dury and the Politics of Irenicism in England 1630-43' in M. Greengrass, M. Leslie and T. Raylor (eds), Samuel Hartlib and universal reformation: studies in intellectual communication (Cambridge University Press, 1994), 95-117.
'The Church of England, Rome and the True Church: The Decline of a Jacobean Consensus' in K. Fincham (ed.), The Early Stuart Church (Macmillans 'Problems-in-Focus' series, 1993), 187-210.
'The Preacher's Choice of Books' (with Revd. N. Cranfield) in J.M. Blatchly, The Town Library of Ipswich. A History and Catalogue (The Boydell Press: Woodbridge, 1989), 75-80.
I have spoken on my current research at an early modern history Subject Day for history school-teachers run by the Prince’s Teaching Institute, to the Sheffield branch of the Historical Association, and to Hills Road Sixth Form College (Cambridge).
I have also recently given public talks at Auckland Castle and Sheffield Cathedral, and participated in a public debate with Prof. Frank Furedi and Prof Angie Hobbs (Philosophy) on ‘Tolerating Intolerance’ as part of the Sheffield Salon series.
In The Media
When an international conference – with invited delegates from seven countries – was held in Dordrecht (Holland) in April 2006 to celebrate the publication of my second book, The British Delegation and the Synod of Dort, I was interviewed separately by journalists from three Dutch newspapers – Reformatorisch Dagblad, De Dordtenaar, and the Friesch Dagblad – each of which published their interview as a full-page article with photographs. The book and conference were also discussed in Drechtsteden and the Nederlands Dagblad. A copy of the book was also formally presented to an alderman of the city.
My paper at a Leuven conference in 2013 made headline news in the newspaper Reformatorisch Dagblad (20 April) under the heading ‘Heidelbergse catechismus populair in Anglicaanse Kerk’
I appeared on the US TV version of ‘Who Do You Think You Are?’ with the Hollywood actress Ashley Judd, and acted as script consultant for a TV documentary by Melvyn Bragg on the King James Bible.
Current Administrative Duties
I am currently Departmental Director of Research.