Dr Chris Millard

BA, MA (York) PhD (Queen Mary, University of London)

School of History, Philosophy and Digital Humanities

Senior Lecturer in the History of Medicine and Medical Humanities

Senior Tutor

Chris Millard
Profile picture of Chris Millard
+44 114 222 2558

Full contact details

Dr Chris Millard
School of History, Philosophy and Digital Humanities
Jessop West
1 Upper Hanover Street
S3 7RA

I joined the Department of History in 2016, having studied and taught in York, Birmingham and London.

My research focuses on the history of psychiatry and medicine in the twentieth century, particularly around self-harm, suicide, faking illness and child abuse.

I am also interested more broadly in the welfare state, the ‘helping professions’ of social work and child guidance, and the increasing influence of anthropology and sociology on medicine and psychiatry during the twentieth century.

I have published on the history of attempted suicide and self-harm, English mental health policy, and the history of the emotions.

I also worked in the UK Parliament in 2014, researching and writing a briefing on ‘parity of esteem between mental and physical health’.

Research interests

I am currently writing a history of illness deception in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries: Munchausen Syndromes and Modern Medicine.

This book charts the chronic faking of illness (Munchausen syndrome), deliberately making one’s children ill (Munchausen syndrome by proxy), and faking illness online (Munchausen by internet).

These linked categories are related to diverse concerns in Britain, such as the expanding welfare state and National Health Service, the ‘rediscovery’ of child abuse in the 1960s and 1970s, and the anxiety created by online anonymity.

I still write about self-harm and attempted suicide, the subject of my PhD thesis and later my book: A History of Self-Harm in Britain: A Genealogy of Cutting and Overdosing (2015).

My next project is a history of the idea of ‘parity of esteem between mental and physical health’.

This is currently a hot topic in mental health policy, but has been a prominent way of campaigning for mental health for at least a century.

More generally, I am interested in the ways in which modern medicine and psychiatry influence and inform our everyday lives, from assumptions about who we are, the advice we are given, and the services provided for us.

This involves research in the history of the emotions, the history of anthropology and sociology, and the history of psychiatry, psychology, social work and medicine.



Edited books

Journal articles


  • Millard C (2022) Medical Journals In Millard C & Wallis J (Ed.), Sources in the History of Psychiatry, from 1800 to the Present London: Routledge. RIS download Bibtex download
  • Millard C & Wallis J (2022) Introduction, Sources in the History of Psychiatry, from 1800 to the Present (pp. 1-12). Routledge RIS download Bibtex download
  • Millard C (2020) 11 Conclusion, Balancing the self (pp. 314-339). Manchester University Press RIS download Bibtex download
  • Millard CJ (2020) Conclusion: Balance, malleability and anthropology: historical contexts In Jackson M & Moore M (Ed.), Balancing the Self: Medicine, Politics and the Regulation of Health in the Twentieth Century Manchester University Press View this article in WRRO RIS download Bibtex download
  • Millard CJ (2015) Creating 'the social': stress, domesticity and attempted suicide In Jackson M (Ed.), Stress in Post-War Britain (pp. 177-192). Routledge View this article in WRRO RIS download Bibtex download
  • Millard C () Justifying Experience, Changing Expertise: From Protest to Authenticity in Anglophone “Mad Voices” in the mid-Twentieth Century In Beaumont C, Colpus E & Davidson R (Ed.), Everyday Welfare in Modern British History: experience, expertise and activism Palgrave / Springer RIS download Bibtex download

Book reviews

Theses / Dissertations

  • Millard CJ Re -inventing the "cry for help": attempted suicide in Britain in the mid-twentieth century c 1937-1969. View this article in WRRO RIS download Bibtex download


Research group

Research supervision

I am happy to supervise anyone interested in medicine, psychiatry, psychology, patient activism, social work, child guidance, the emotions, gender roles, the welfare state, the National Health Service and child abuse in twentieth- century Britain.

Current Students

Second supervisor

All current students

Completed Students
  • Kate McAllister - Encephalitis Lethargica, viral illness, and the binary structures of the modern British health system c.1900-1975


Find out more about PhD study in History

Teaching activities


  • HST3166/7 - Emotions and identity in twentieth-century Britain: from’stiff upper lip’ to Facebook emotions


  • HST6073 - Medical Humanity? Medicine and Identity
Public engagement

I co-devised and led the public engagement project ‘The Carnival of Lost Emotions’ at Queen Mary, University of London between 2012 and 2016 – engaging the public about the history of feeling. The Carnival has been shortlisted for an award, and showcased by the National Co-Ordinating Centre for Public Engagement (NCCPE) as an example of best practice in public engagement. It has been performed in diverse environments: the Barbican Centre, the Natural History Museum, the Edinburgh Fringe Festival and as part of Secret Cinema.

NCCPE case study

The Carnival of Lost Emotions

I recently devised and ran a public engagement event on psychological testing – talking people through 1940s, 1950s and 1960s psychological questionnaires. This was part of the Wellcome Trust’s ‘Feeling Spectacular’ programme.

In the media:

I have blogged for the Wellcome Library, the Centre for the History of the Emotions and The Conversation.